Naming Ionic Compounds

NH4+
ammonium
monatomic anions
1 Ion, element name and “-ide”
Br-
Bromide
S2-
Sulfide
N3-
Nitride
Polyatomic Anions
Many ions, element name and “-ate”
NO3-
nitrate
(CO3)2-
Carbonate
(PO4)3-
Phosphate
(SO4)2-
Sulfate
ClO3-
Chlorate
When to use “-ite”
One less oxygen atom than the “-ate” form
NO2-
Nitrite
(SO3)2-
Sulfite
(ClO2)-
Chlorite
When to add “hypo-“
One less oxygen than the “-ite” form
ClO-
hypochlorite
When to add “per-“
One more oxygen atom than the -ate form
ClO4-
Perchlorate
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