Naming Inorganic Chemicals

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Ionic Compounds
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Metal and nonmetal formed by ionic bonds
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Molecular compounds
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two nonmetals formed by covalent bonds
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Iron
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Iron (II) 2+
Iron (III)3+
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Chromium
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Chromium (II) 2+
Chromium (III) 3+
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Cobalt
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Cobalt (II) 2+
Cobalt (III) 3+
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Nickel
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Nickel (II)2+
Nickel (III)3+
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Copper
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Copper (I) 1+
Copper (II) 2+
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Mercury
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Mercury (I) 1+
Mercury (II) 2+
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Tin
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Tin (II) 2+
Tin (IV) 4+
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Lead
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Lead (II) 2+
Lead (IV) 4+
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Prefix 1
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mono
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Prefix 2
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di
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Prefix 3
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tri
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Prefix 4
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tetra
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Prefix 5
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penta
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prefix 6
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hexa
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prefix 7
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hepta
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prefix 8
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octa
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prefix 9
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nona
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prefix 10
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deca
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Combination Reaction
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two or more reactants form a single product
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Decomposition Reaction
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often use a catalyst; single compound breaks down into two or more simpler substances
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Single-replacement reaction
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One element displaces another. A more active element that is higher on the activity series which displaces an element lower on the activity series.
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Double-replacement reaction
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when two substances in aqueous solution switch places. An anion of one substance changes with another.
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Neutralization Reaction
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When an acid and base react to form a salt
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How do you know a chemical reaction has occured?
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A gas is produced; a precipitate is formed; a color change; an energy changed is noted
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symbol for heat
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delta (triangle)
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percent of composition equasion
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mass of known substace/mass of whole substance X 100= % of substance in sample

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