Music Listening Final

_____ was a famous violinist who impressed Robert Schumann with his virtuosity

The piano part in Schubert’s songs is more important than the piano part in Schumann’s songs

_____, the “poet of the piano”, was born in Poland, but lived most of his life Paris, France
(D)Frederic Chopin

A term for a romantic rhythmic technique that means “robbing” is ______

Opera was seen as the ideal form of Romantic expression for many composers because:
(C)it was the best way to integrate music, theater and visual arts

______, an early nineteenth-century composer, wrote the opera Lucia de Lammermoor, which has a scene famous for bel canto singing
(D)Gaetano Donizetti

The leader of the Romantic movement to write verismo opera was
(D) Giacomo Puccini

The most important composer of German music theater in the late nineteenth century was
© Richard Wagner

Festivals of Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen are presented annually at a theater he designed in _________.
(B) Bayreuth, Germany

In Wagner’s dramatic works, the orchestrate was of unprecedented significance, weaving melodic garments and chords called _____ throughout the orchestral texture
(D) Leitmotifs

While opera buffa, Singspiel, and opera comique found favor in their respective homelands, Gilber and Sullivan created a unique operetta for _____ audiences
© English

It is possible in the twentieth century, as it was in earlier periods, to apply one general label to the music of a significant period of time

Even in this age of increased mass education in music, audiences are actually less prepared than ever before to appreciate the music of their own time
(A) True

Post-Romanticism refers to the last stage and aftermath of ______Romanticism which was dominant throughout the late nineteenth century
(B) Germany

______, a leader of Post-Romantic composers, was strongly influenced by both Romanticism of Wagner and the Classicism of Mozart
(D) Richard Strauss

Music in which there is no dominance of or momentum toward a tonic pitch, like that written by Schoenberg is called
( C ) Atonal

In 1912 Schoenberg wrote a ______ called a Pierrot Lunaire
( C) Song Cycle

Sprechstimme is…
(B) a vocal technique using expressive glides from one inexact note to another

Symbolist poets and Impressionistic painters and composers sought to achieve the most realistic effects by denying “realism” and expressing the suggestion of an object or idea
(A) True

Debussy explored all of the following musical influences except
(B) the intense chromaticism of German Romantic music

Debussy used parallel successions of octaves, fifths, and fourths; harmonic techniques that had been forbidden in Western harmony since the advent of the tonal system

The musical masterpiece of Primitivism, Le Sacre du Printempts (The Rite of Spring), was written by Russian composer
(B) Igor Stravinsky

The Rite of Spring was a revolutionary ballet score about
© a brutal human sacrifice to appease primitive gods in pagan Russia

All of the following are True of twentieth-century music except
(D) most twentieth-century music lacks creativity and the diversity of new styles and techniques

New melodies can be based on major and minor scales, modes, whole tone scales, Eastern scales, and artificial scales
(A) True

Many twentieth-century melodies are ______ in contour, when compared to melodies of the Romantic period
(B) angular

In twentieth-century music, a melody split over several octaves is called
© octave displacement

Twentieth-century harmony can include a wide variety of harmonies, with chords constructed of intervals of seconds, thirds, fourths, fifths or a mixture of any of these
(A) true

It is the _____ of much twentieth-century music that many listeners find particularly challenging
(D) dissonant harmonies

Interest in the qualities and effects of sound around the middle of the twentieth century led to the invention of the electronic _______
(D) synthesizer

The twentieth-century orchestra is generally __________ than in the Romantic period
(A) smaller

____________ have created new sounds from traditional instruments by playing upon unusual parts, such as the strings of the piano or the bridge of the violin
© experimentalists

The return to classical interests has led to many composers to rely upon principles of _________ music
(A) absolute

When the form of a composition is dependent upon the circumstances of each performance it is said to be
© indeterminate

The twelve-tone technique was actually a logical extension of the extreme ________ used by Wagner in Tristan and Isolde
(D) chromaticism

All of the following applies to Anton Webern except
(C) he felt that Schoenberg had gone too far away from traditional tonality

The revolutionaries who have radically altered not only the traditional methods of composing and presenting music, but also the very concept of what constitutes music as opposed to noise are called
(D) Experimentalists

The center of Experimentalism was
(C) the United States

The following are all true of Ives’s music except
(B) his music produces mostly consonant sounds

In the Tides of Mananaun, Henry Cowell introduced _______, groups of randomly selected notes played with the flat of the hand or the arm
(D) none of the above

An instrument that allows a composer to produce imitative, altered, or original sounds is called a
(C) synthesizer

Milton Babbitt wrote
(D) Ensembles for Synthesizer

The word aleatoric is derived from alea, the Latin word for
(C) dice

In the 1940s, John Cage devised an economical means of expanding the range of a piano’s sound by inventing the _________ piano
(D) prepared

John Cage demonstrated the fact that absolute silence is an absurd concept in the composition 4’33”, a piece written for four performers playing thirty-three different instruments
(B) False

T or F? Penderecki’s composition, Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima, concerns itself with the Nazi persecution of Jews in Poland
(B) False

Two works that illustrate the use of Medieval concepts are Benjamin Britten’s A Ceremony of Carols and Carl Off’s
(A) Carmina Burana

A group of French composers who embraced popular music, jazz, and theater music as an alternative to the “serious” artistic movements of the modern period were called
(B) Les Six

The field of _________ is the scientific study of music
(D) ethnomusicology

Bartok’s serious and scientific study of _________ music led him to be one of the first and finest ethnomusicologists
(D) folk

An enormous influence on several generations of American composers, ____________ was a gifted composition teacher who encourage students to find their own, individual styles
(B) Pierre Boulez

T or F? In 1945, Copland won a Pulitzer Prize for his ballet, Fanfare for the Common Man, which was commissioned by the Martha Graham dance company, and eventually titled “Ballet for Martha”
(B) False

T or F? Gershwin bridged the gap between popular and art music by writing Rhapsody in Blue, which reflected the character of jazz and yet was acceptable to a “cultured” audience.
(A) True

Audiences were attracted to all of the following features of the Neoclassical music except
(B) the massive sound of the expanded orchestra

Prokofiev’s Symphony no. 1, the Classical, was intended to sound as if ________ had written it in the twentieth century
(B) Haydn

The German word for Hindemith’s concept of functional or useful music is
(D) Gebrauchsmusik

________, who was a singer before he became a composer, wrote songlike melody lines for his instrumental and vocal compositions, sensitive text settings, and expressive orchestration, making him one of the most appreciated contemporary composers
(C) Samuel Barber

The first African American composer of Western art music to achieve significant success was
(D) William Grant Still

___________ became the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for Music
(C) Ellen Taaffe Zwillich

The three main sections of the Classical sonata-allegro form are the
exposition, development, and recapitulation

An extended closing section in the Classical sonata-allegro form is called the

Classical sonata-allegro form has been nicknamed the “fourth movement form”
because it has been used as the fourth movement for so many symphonies,
concertos, sonatas, and string quartets

The third movement of many Classical symphonies, sonatas, and string quartets
is a
minuet & trio

An imitative polyphonic composition with 5 lines or “voices”
successfully adaptive

One form of a Classical rondo is

Renaissance to Baroque transition’s romantic emphasis
Renaissance is serenely balanced
Baroque teems with drama and contrast

General characteristics of the Baroque Period
the vivid, passionate expression of affections of the human soul
bold contrast

Which of the following characteristics of the late eighteenth century’s artistic style renders the term classical particularly applicable to the period
all of the above

All of the following were characteristic of Romantic harmony except
the orchestra decreased in size

Each of the following was a feature of Beriloz’s Symphonie Fantastique except
the music closely follows the form of the Classical symphonies