Music Chapter 30-40

question

A song form in which the same melody is repeated for each stanza, often heard in popular music, is known as: modified strophic form strophic form through-composed form
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b
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A song form that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is called: through-composed form strophic form modified strophic form
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a
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A group of Lieder unified by a descriptive or narrative theme is known as a: medley oratorio song cycle
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c
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A Lied is an art song for solo voice and piano sung in ______. German either German or French French
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a
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Schubert’s Erlking was written: in the year he died early in his life
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b
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The text of The Erlking was written by: Heine Goethe
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b
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Schubert wrote approximately_____ songs. six hundred one hundred
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a
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What is the form of Schubert’s song Erlking? modified strophic through-composed strophic
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b
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What does the triplet rhythm in the piano accompaniment symbolically represent in this song? the seductive Erlking the horse’s hooves the boy’s terror
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b
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Which best characterizes the range for the father’s role in the song? high range low range medium range
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b
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What expressive technique does Schubert use in the boy’s cry, “My father, my father”? major mode high range and dissonance melismatic setting
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b
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How is the character of the Erlking differentiated musically in the song? high range and dissonant medium range and major mode low range and minor mode
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b
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The composer normally writes the lyrics for the Lied. true false
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f
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The piano was declining in popularity at the time of the Romantic Lied. false true
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f
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Two prominent German Romantic poets whose texts were often set to music were Heinrich Heine and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. true false
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t
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Romantic Lieder texts often speak of love and/or nature. true false
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t
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Women composers wrote Lieder in the Romantic era. true false
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t
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Schubert wrote symphonies based on the forms established by Classical composers. true false
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t
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According to legend, a child touched by the Erlking must die. true false
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t
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The art song became a popular repertory for amateur and professional musicians in the nineteenth century. true false
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t
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Frédéric Chopin spent most of his productive career in: France England Poland
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a
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Chopin was romantically involved with George Sand, the renowned: French novelist French painter French opera composer
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a
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Which genre is NOT a part of Chopin’s compositional output? piano concertos string quartets piano sonatas
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b
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Which is the best definition of “tempo rubato”? in strict time robbed time quick tempo
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b
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Chopin paid homage to his Eastern European ancestry by composing: sonatas and concertos mazurkas and polonaises preludes and nocturnes
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b
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The piano changed little technically during the nineteenth century. false true
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f
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The piano was the most central instrument in nineteenth-century musical culture. true false
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t
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The short, lyric piano work might be considered the instrumental equivalent to the nineteenth-century Lied (song). true false
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t
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The nineteenth century was an age of great virtuoso pianists. false true
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t
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Romantic-era piano works often had fanciful titles. false true
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t
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Steinway was important in the history of the Romantic-era piano. false true
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t
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Chopin lived a long and productive life, turning to the church in his later years. true false
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f
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Who was NOT a woman composer of the Romantic era? Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel George Sand Clara Schumann
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b
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Which role did women NOT generally play in Romantic society? conductors music patrons performers and composers
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a
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Which genre did Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel NOT contribute to? piano music songs opera
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c
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From a trip to which country did Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel draw inspiration for her work The Year? Italy Austria Enland
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a
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During her later years, Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was responsible for: organizing the famous family Sunday concerts Her brother’s estate program selection for the Berlin philharmonic
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a
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The concept of “river” in “September: At the River” by Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel is expressed by: the extremely fast melody quick-moving notes that accompany the melody the major tonality
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b
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A lost manuscript of Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel, in her own handwriting, that contained “September: At the River” was discovered in: 1989 1789 1889
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a
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Women seldom composed for the piano in the Romantic era. false true
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f
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Women played a critical role in music making in the nineteenth century, except as teachers. false true
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f
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Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was enthusiastically encouraged to pursue a musical career by her family. false true
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f
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Each of the pieces in the manuscript of Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s Das Jahr was originally accompanied by poetry and artwork. true false
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t
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Nineteenth-century songwriters in the United States combined elements of: European art song opera both a and b
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c
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The songs of which nineteenth-century composer remain popular today? Stephen Foster John Philip Sousa Louis Moreau Gottschalk
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a
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Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is primarily composed in what texture? heterophonic homophonic, with some polyphony monophonic
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b
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Stephen Foster is known for his ballads, minstrel show tunes, and plantation songs. false true
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t
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Stephen Foster’s music was popular only after his death. true false
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f
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The famous American tunes “Oh, Susanna!, Beautiful Dreamer, and Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair all were composed by Harry Burleigh. true false
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f
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Stephen Foster’s music sympathized with the plight of the slaves in the American South. false true
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t
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The music that accompanies the lyrics of “Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair” reflects Foster’s Anglo-Irish cultural heritage. true false
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t
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Stephen Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair was inspired by real life experiences. false true
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t
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Romantic melody is best described as: disjunct and wide-ranging lyrical and singeable
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b
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Romantic harmony is best described as: chromatic and treated expressively diatonic and treated objectively
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a
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Which of the following is NOT typical of Romantic music? increased dissonance for expression interest in new orchestral forms smaller orchestras
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c
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Nicolò Paganini was: a well-known conductor a virtuoso violinist a prominent educator
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b
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Musicians and composers achieved a higher social status during the Romantic era than in the Classical era. false true
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t
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Nationalistic feelings inspired composers to incorporate folk songs and dances from their native lands into their works. false true
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t
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Romantic composers rarely used dynamic markings and other expressive comments in their scores to communicate their intentions to musicians. false true
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f
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The French Revolution fostered the rise of a middle-class society. false true
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t
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Characteristics in nineteenth-century music reveal an conscious break from the past. true false
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t
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Orchestration was of little value in nineteenth-century composition. false true
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f
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Nineteenth-century composers sought to make their instruments “sing.” false true
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t
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Symphonies by Romantic composers are shorter than those of the Classical era. true false
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f
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Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is called: aleatoric music absolute music program music
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c
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Music lacking any literary or pictorial association is called: incidental music program music absolute music
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c
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The inspiration for Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique was: the writer George Sand the composer Clara Schumann the actress Harriet Smithson
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c
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The main theme, heard transformed in each movement of the Symphonie fantastique, is called: the subject the idée fixe the Dies irae
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b
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Which best describes the character of the fourth movement of Symphonie fantastique? a diabolical march a witches’ orgy a pastoral scene
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a
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What does the loud chord immediately after the statement of the idĂ©e fixe in the solo clarinet at the end of the fourth movement in Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique represent? the falling of the guillotine’s blade the last image of his beloved the witches at the composer’s funeral
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a
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In which movement is the Dies irae (Day of Wrath) theme from the Mass for the Dead heard? the first the fourth the fifth
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c
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Hector Berlioz looked to the writings of Shakespeare as the basis for both operas and symphonic works. true false
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t
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Which of the following is a type of program music written to accompany plays? symphonic poem program symphony incidental music
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c
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Which term describes a one-movement work for orchestra with a literary program? symphonic poem symphony program symphony
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a
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Which term describes a one-movement work possibly written to introduce a larger work but played independently? symphonic poem concert overture program symphony
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b
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Which composer is generally credited with the first use of the term “symphonic poem”? Hector Berlioz Franz Liszt Felix Mendelssohn
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b
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The chief difference between a symphonic poem and a program symphony is: the number of movements in the work the number of musicians involved the nature of the program
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a
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Mendelssohn’s music for Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream is a famous example of: a program symphony a tone poem incidental music
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c
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Which type of program best describes Smetana’s The Moldau? philosophical, based on a conceptual idea literary, based on a play or novel geographic/historic, depicting actual events or places
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c
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Which category of program music best describes The Moldau? incidental music concert overture symphonic poem
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c
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Which nationalist composer was asked to revise his music to suit a political censor? Schumann Verdi Vivaldi
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b
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The Moldau is part of a cycle of works known as: The Four Seasons A Poet’s Life My Country
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c
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Composers expressed their nationalism through music by basing their compositions on: songs and dances of their people the celebration of a national hero, event, or place both a and b
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c
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Bedøich Smetana represents the: Russian nationalist school. Spanish nationalist school Bohemian nationalist school
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c
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Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov represents the: Russian nationalist school Bohemian nationalist school Polish nationalist school
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a
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Edvard Grieg represents the: Bohemian nationalist school Scandinavian nationalist school Russian nationalist school
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b
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Antonín Dvoøák represents the: Polish nationalist school Russian nationalist school Czech nationalist school
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c
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Jean Sibelius represents the: Scandinavian nationalist school Russian nationalist school Spanish nationalist school
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a
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In the nineteenth century nationalist music was often inspired by folklore. true false
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t
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Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the nineteenth-century symphony? small orchestra with limited winds lyrical melodies colorful harmonies
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a
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The third movement of the nineteenth-century symphony is most likely in: theme and variations form sonata-allegro form dance or scherzo form
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c
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The opening melody of the third movement in Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 is given to which instrument? the violins the cellos the violas
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b
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Which composer nurtured Brahms’s talents, taking him into his home? Robert Schumann Franz Schubert Franz Liszt
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a
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Brahms wrote his Requiem mass in memory of: Clara Schumann his mother Richard Wagner
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b
question

Unlike the symphonic poem, the genre of symphony is often absolute music, without a program. false true
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f
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The Romantic symphony follows the exact forms and proportions of the Classical genre of Beethoven. false true
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f
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The Romantic symphony cycle typically has three movements. false true
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f
question

The first movement of a Romantic symphony is usually the most dramatic and features the use of sonata-allegro form. false true
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t
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The scherzo movement in nineteenth-century symphonies generally is characterized by a slow march tempo. false true
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f
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The Romantic symphony required a larger orchestra than that of the Classical masters. true false
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t
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Brahms wrote all four of his symphonies after he turned forty. true false
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t
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In his Symphony No. 3, Brahms incorporates a melodic idea from the first movement into the other movements as well. false true
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t
question

The literary basis for Verdi’s Rigoletto is: a comedy by William Shakespeare a play by Victor Hugo a novel by Alexander Dumas
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b
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What is the historical setting for Rigoletto? an Italian court, during the Renaissance era Paris, during the nineteenth century a Spanish gypsy camp, during the nineteenth century
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a
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Which opera did Verdi write based on the story of the king of Babylon? Don Carlos La forza del destino Nabucco
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c
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The American debut tour of international singing sensation Jenny Lind was managed by: Robert Ripley P. T. Barnum Howard Hughes
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b
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Giuseppe Verdi is viewed as an Italian nationalist composer. false true
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t
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Many Romantic composers looked to faraway lands or cultures for their opera plots. true false
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t
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Nineteenth-century Italian opera is characterized by the use of the bel canto style of singing. true false
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t
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In the late nineteenth century France, Germany, and Italy developed distinct national styles. true false
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t
question

Light German opera featuring spoken dialogue is called: Singspiel lyric opera grand opera
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a
question

What did Wagner call his large-scale sung theatrical works? opera buffa grand opera music drama
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c
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How many music dramas make up Wagner’s The Ring of the Nibelung? six three four
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c
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Which term refers to Wagner’s concept of a total artwork, encompassing all the arts? Klangfarbenmelodie Gesamtkunstwerk Sprechstimme
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b
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What is the basis for the story of Die WalkĂĽre? a medieval German epic poem the legend of the Holy Grail a French play by Victor Hugo
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a
question

There are ____ Valkyries, all daughters of Wotan. twelve five nine
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c
question

Which best describes the character of Wotan? the father of the gods the fearless hero who awakens BrĂĽnnhilde the god of fire
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a
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A leitmotif is: a Viking ship captain a recurring melodic theme that signifies something nineteenth-century stage illumination
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b
question

Wagner had a theater built at Bayreuth specifically for the performance of his music dramas. false true
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t
question

The role of the Valkyries was to carry fallen heroes from the battlefield to Valhalla on their winged horses. false true
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t
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Wagner employed a recurring theme called an idée fixe in his operas. false true
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f
question

In his music dramas Wagner created short arias that lent themselves to being separated from the larger work for performance at home. false true
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f
question

Verdi’s Requiem is part of which Christian tradition? Roman Catholic Lutheran Methodist
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a
question

Verdi’s Requiem was criticized by the Church in the nineteenth century for: being in Latin being excessively theatrical being sung
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b
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The fully completed Requiem by Verdi was dedicated to whom? Antonio Salieri Alessandro Manzoni Gioachino Rossini
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b
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In the Dies irae section of his Requiem Verdi creates a sense of awesome terror through the use of which musical tools? dramatic orchestration including brass and percussion powerfully dramatic use of loud dynamics both a and b
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c
question

The nineteenth century witnessed an increasing interest in social choral-singing. true false
answer

t
question

The nineteenth century was the first time, historically, where secular and sacred music on Christian practice became an issue. true false
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f
question

Barbershop quartet music in the United States was influenced by singing traditions in nineteenth-century Europe. false true
answer

t
question

Some of the major composers of choral music in the Romantic era include Fanny and Felix Mendelssohn, Verdi, and Brahms. true false
answer

t
question

The text of Verdi’s Requiem is derived from the Catholic tradition. true false
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t
question

Prisoners condemned to die in Nazi concentration camps sang Verdi’s Requiem as an act of defiance. true false
answer

t
question

Some of Ravel’s music reflects his travels to: the United States South Africa Spain
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c
question

The overall form of Debussy’s Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun” is best described as: ternary (A-B-A’) sonata-allegro theme and variation
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a
question

The program for Debussy’s Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun” concerns: a magic ring that brings bad luck to its owner a baby deer just beginning to stand a mythological creature in a dreamlike state
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c
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Which best describes the character of the opening theme of Debussy’s Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun”? disjunct and forceful diatonic and dancelike chromatic and languorous
answer

c
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Which melodic instrument is featured in the opening melody of Debussy’s Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun”? trumpet violin flute
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c
question

The whole-tone scale was a favored device of Impressionist composers. true false
answer

t
question

Impressionist composers use various non-Western scale patterns in their works. true false
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t
question

The Paris World Exposition of 1889 provided French composers the opportunity to hear various musical ensembles from around the world. false true
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t
question

Impressionist composers often made use of a strongly accented meter. false true
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f
question

Programmatic music continued in the Impressionist period. true false
answer

t
question

Impressionist artists and composers looked to mythological themes for inspiration. false true
answer

t
question

Debussy primarily utilized the sonata-allegro form in his large works. true false
answer

f
question

Debussy is considered to be an Impressionist composer. true false
answer

t

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