Mod 44: Psychology Final Flashcards

question

Unconsciously mimicking those around us is known as ___.
answer

the chameleon effect
question

Adjusting one’s behavior or thinking toward a group standard is called ___.
answer

conformity
question

Using the Asch procedure, conformity to group adjustments would be LEAST likely when ___.
answer

participants are not observed by other group members when giving their answers
question

Which of the following most accurately states the effects of crowding on behavior?
answer

crowding sometimes intensifies peoples’ reactions
question

Alex thinks smoking is addictive, but other players on his hockey team insist it’s not. Alex is likely to conform to their opinion if___.
answer

he feels insecure in his role as a new member of the team
question

Luella publicly agrees with her seventh-grade classmates that parents should allow 13-year-old to date. Later that day, she writes in her diary that she actually believes parents should prohibit kids from dating until they are at least 15 years old. Luella’s public conformity to her classmates’ opinion best illustrates the power of ___.
answer

normative social influence
question

After hearing respected medical authorities lecture about the value of regular exercise, Raul, who has rarely exercised, begins to jog regularly. The change in Raul’s behavior best illustrates the impact of ___.
answer

informational social influence
question

The Milgram obedience experiments were controversial because the ___.
answer

\”teachers\” were deceived and frequently subjected to stress
question

Based on findings from Milgram’s obedience studies, participants would be LESS likely to follow the experimenter’s orders when ___.
answer

they see another subject disobey instructions
question

Which of the following conclusions did Milgram derive from his studies of obedience?
answer

even ordinary people, without any particular hostility, can become agents in a destructive process
question

To study social facilitation, Norman Triplett observed adolescents while they were ___.
answer

winding fishing reels
question

The presence of others does not always lead to social facilitation because ___.
answer

arousal inhibits the correct performance of difficult tasks
question

Social loafing refers to the tendency for people to ___.
answer

exert less effort when they are pooling their efforts toward a common goal
question

Social loafing has been found to be especially noticeable among ___.
answer

men in cultures that value individualism
question

Although Frieda is typically very reserved, as part of a huge rock concert crowd she lost her inhibitions and behaved in a very sexually provocative way. Frieda’s unusual behavior is best understood in terms of ___.
answer

deindividuation
question

Which of the following is most likely to promote groupthink?
answer

group polarization is evident
question

Nora, Ko, Ian, and May each think that Ms. Akey may be a slightly better teacher than Mr. Schwenke. After discussing why each of them believes this to be so, they all conclude that Ms. Akey is definitely a much better teacher than Mr. Schwenke. This episode provides an example of ___.
answer

group polarization
question

The ill-fated decision of President John F. Kennedy and his advisors to invade Cuba best illustrates the dangers of ___.
answer

groupthink
question

Which of the following comments is most likely to be made in a group characterized by groupthink?
answer

We all seem to be in basic agreement, so there’s no sense in continuing our discussion of this issue
question

Which of the following best summarizes the relative importance of personal control and social control of our behavior?
answer

situational and personal influences interact in determining our behavior
question

Anton is the only juror to favor acquittal of the defendant in a murder trial. To influence the majority her should ___.
answer

be self-confident and consistent in expressing his viewpoint
question

The impact of the foot-in-the-door phenomenon is most clearly illustrated by ___.
answer

the destructive obedience of participants in the Milgram experiments
question

We tend to feel cheerful around happy people and sad around depressed people. This illustrates ___.
answer

mood linkage
question

By enabling like minded terrorists to pool their ideas, Internet social networking sites are likely to contribute to ___.
answer

group polarization

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member