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MIS Exam 1 – Flashcards with Answers

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True
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Each characteristic or quality describing a particular entity is called an attribute.
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False
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A grouping of characters into a word, a group of words, or a complete number is called a record.
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True
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Every record in a file should contain at least one key field.
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True
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In normalization, complex groupings of data are streamlined to eliminate awkward many-to-many relationships.
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True
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DBMS simplify how end users work with databases by separating the logical and physical views of the data.
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True
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Many applications today require databases that can store and retrieve multimedia.
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False
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One of the drawbacks to OODBMS is that they cannot work with applets.
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True
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OODBMS are slower than relational DBMS.
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True
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A data warehouse may include information from legacy systems.
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False
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A data warehouse is typically comprised of several smaller data marts.
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True
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OLAP is a key tool of BI.
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False
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OLAP is used to find hidden patterns and relationships in large databases, and infer rules from these to infer future behavior.
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True
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Data mining can be a challenge to individual privacy.
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False
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Predictive analysis is a technique of data mining.
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False
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Implementing a Web interface for a database requires changes to the database its
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True
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Common Gateway Interface is a specification for processing data on a Web server.
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False
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I n linking databases to the Web, the role of the application server is to host the DBMS.
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True
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A firm’s information policy lays out who is responsible for updating and maintaining the information in a database system.
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True
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The use of different terms for identifying data in a firm’s various information systems is an example of redundant data.
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True
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Data cleansing is the same process as data scrubbing.
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It is a quality-of-data concept that is used to identify a company?s most important data.
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Which of the following is not a true statement about MDM?
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I dentify the data needed to run the business
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What is the first step you should take in managing data for a firm?
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library’s card-catalog.
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An example of a pre-digital database is a:
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The entity CUSTOMER with the attribute ADDRESS
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Which of the following best illustrates the relationship between entities and attributes?
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relational DBMS.
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The type of logical database model that treats data as if they were stored in two-dimensional tables is the:
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Relationships between entities
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What are the relationships that the relational database is named for?
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attribute
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A characteristic or quality describing an entity is called a(n):
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five tables: for customers, employees, suppliers, products, and sales.
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The most basic business database is comprised of
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row
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In a table for customers, the information about a single customer would reside in a single:
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tuple.
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In a relational database, a record is also called a(n):
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primary key.
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A field identified in a table as holding the unique identifier of the table’s records is called the:
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key field
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A field identified in a record as holding the unique identifier for that record is called the
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entity-relationship diagram.
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A schematic of the entire database that describes the relationships in a database is called a(n):
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in two short marks.
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A one-to-one relationship between two entities is symbolized in a diagram by a line that ends:
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with a crow’s foot preceded by a short mark.
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A one-to-many relationship between two entities is symbolized in a diagram by a line that ends:
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intersection relation.
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A table that links two tables that have a many-to-many relationship is often called a(n)
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normalization.
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The process of streamlining data to minimize redundancy and awkward many-to-many relationships is called
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physical database available for different logical views
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A DBMS makes the
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presents data as they would be perceived by end users.
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The logical view of a database
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Query wizard tool
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Which of the following is not a typical feature of DBMS?
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DBMS for small handheld computing devices.
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Oracle Database Lite is a
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DBMS for desktop systems
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Access is a:
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popular open-source DBMS.
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MySQL is a
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DBMS for midrange computers.
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Microsoft SQL Server is a(n):
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select, project, and join
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In a relational database, the three basic operations used to develop useful sets of data are
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creates a subset consisting of all records in the file that meets stated criteria
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The select operation:
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combines relational tables to provide the user with more information than is otherwise available
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The join operation
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creates a subset consisting of columns in a table
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The project operation:
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creating an inventory of data definitions contained in the database
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The data dictionary serves as an important data management tool by
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data dictionary.
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An automated or manual file that stores information about data elements and data characteristics such as usage, physical representation, ownership, authorization, and security is the:
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data manipulation language.
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The specialized language programmers use to add and change data in the database is called
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SQL.
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The most prominent data manipulation language today is:
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display data in an easier-to-read format
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DBMS typically include report-generating tools in order to:
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object-oriented DBMS
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The type of database management approach that can handle multimedia is the
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OODBMS
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Which of the following database types is useful for storing Java applets as well as handling large numbers of transactions?
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both historical and current data
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A data warehouse is composed of:
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Data warehouse systems provide easy-to-use tools for managers to easily update data.
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Which of the following statements about data warehouses is not true?
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it typically focuses on a single subject area or line of business
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A data mart usually can be constructed more rapidly and at lower cost than a data warehouse because
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business intelligence
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Tools for consolidating, analyzing, and providing access to vast amounts of data to help users make better business decisions are known as
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OLAP.
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The tool that enables users to view the same data in different ways using multiple dimensions is
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users to obtain online answers to ad hoc questions in a rapid amount of time.
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OLAP is a tool for enabling
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find hidden relationships in data
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Data mining is a tool for allowing users to
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occurrences linked to a single event
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In terms of the data relationships found by data mining, associations refers to
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events linked over time
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In terms of the data relationships found by data mining, sequences refers to
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HTML
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An alternative to using application server software for interfacing between a Web server and back-end databases is
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text mining
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Businesses use ________ tools to search and analyze unstructured data sets, such as e-mails and memos
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data redundancy
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The confusion created by ________ makes it difficult for companies to create customer relationship management, supply chain management, or enterprise systems that integrate data from different sources.
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data scrubbing
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Detecting and correcting data in a database or file that are incorrect, incomplete, improperly formatted, or redundant is called
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Web usage mining
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Which of the following would you use to find patterns in user interaction data recorded by Web servers?
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Web structure mining
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Which of the following would you use to find out which Web sites with content related to database design were the most often linked to by other Web sites?