Flashcards and Answers – MedTerm –

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Tonsillitis
1. What is the correct spelling for inflammation of the tonsils?

Bronchi
2. The plural of the Latin word bronchus is

Apices
3. Which is the plural form of apex?

Within
4. In the word intrahepatic, the prefix intra- means ____ the liver.

Thinking and Analyzing
5. Five language skills are critical to communication. Which of the following involves the processing of medical language?

Liver
6. The combining form hepat/o- means

Breast
7. The combining form mamm/o- means

Condition of a slow heart rate
8. With bradycardia, there is a

-Scopy
9. Which suffix means the process of using an instrument to examine?

Writing and Spelling
10. Which of the following is the skill that involves relaying the medical language?

The right lower quadrant (RLQ)
1. The appendix is located with which quadrant of the body?

Inferior
2. The lower half of the body is labeled?

Medial
3. What directional term means the midline of the body?

The cranial cavity
4. The brain is located in which cavity of the body?

The thoracic cavity
5. The lungs are located in which cavity of the body?

Diaphragm
6. The part of anatomy that internally divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity is the

Prone
7. What is the term that describes a person who is lying face down?

Skin, nails, and oil glands
8. The integumentary system includes diseases of the

Oncology
9. A patient with a cancerous tumor may seek treatment for his condition from a physician whose
specialty is

Doctor’s office
10. Which is the most frequently used healthcare setting?

Nails
1. The integumentary system covers the entire surface of the body and consists of the skin, hair,
and

Epidermis
2. Basal cell carcinoma arises from which type of tissue?

Albinism
3. A genetic mutation that results in nonfunctioning melanocytes that do not produce melanin is
known as

Dermatology
4. Which healthcare specialty studies the anatomy and physiology of the integumentary system
and uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs to treat the
integumentary diseases?

Melanin
5. The epidermis contains melanocytes, pigment cells that produce

Sudoriferous
6. Sweat glands are also known as ____________ glands

Anaphylaxis
7. Which is a severe systemic allergic reaction that can be life threatening?

Dermis
8. The subcutaneous tissue is a loose, connective tissue located directly beneath the

Rash
9. Which is a general category for any type of skin lesion that is pink to red, flat or raised,
pruritic or nonpruritic?

Cold sores
10. Which is the common term for a herpes simplex 1 infection?

Occipital
1. The part of the skull that forms the lower back of the head is the ____________ bone.

Talipes equinovarus
2. Which is a congenital deformity of one or both of the feet in which the foot is turned both
inwardly and downwardly?

Femur
3. The long bone of the upper leg is called the

Delt/o
4. Which combining form means triangle?

Osteoporosis
5. What condition is characterized by weak and brittle bones, which may cause frequent
fractures?

Scapula
6. The triangular shaped bone on each side of the upper back is called the

Acetabulum
7. The deep socket in the hip bone where the femur is attached is known as the

Continuous
8. Which term does not describe a type of fracture?

Comminuted
9. Which is a fracture in which the bone is crushed into several pieces?

Scapula
10. All of the following are facial bones except

Chiropractor
1. What is the term for a doctor who treats disorders of the bones, muscles, and nerves by aligning the
vertebral column into its ideal position?

Atrophy
2. Muscular dystrophy is an inherited genetic disease that causes the muscles to

Walks with an uncoordinated gait.
3. The patient with cerebral palsy was described as having ataxia. This means that the patient

Rectus abdominis
4. Which muscle runs down the front of the abdomen and is used when doing crunches (also known as the
six-pack abs)?

Gluteus maximus.
5. The large muscle of the buttocks that one sits on is the

Humorous
6. Which is a misspelled medical term?

External abdominal oblique muscle.
7. The muscle that runs on a diagonal from the lower ribs and rotates the side of the body medially is the

Contractures
8. The patient was in a coma for a long time in a nursing home. He eventually developed ____________, or
abnormal, fixed positions in which his muscles were permanently flexed.

Tremor
9. What is the medical term for a muscle twitch that cannot be controlled?

Extension
10. When your muscles straighten a joint, it is called

Nasal cavity
1. The turbinates are located in the

Chronic bronchitis
2. One of the components of COPD is

Exspiration
3. Which word is misspelled?

Pulmonary edema
4. Which is a condition that accompanies left-sided heart failure and is characterized by noninfectious fluid
build-up in the alveoli and lung tissues?

Transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the cells
5. Which is not something the respiratory system does?

Larynx
6. Which is the medical word for voice box?

Pulmon/o-
7. Which combining form means lung?

Orthopnea.
8. Breathing that is easier in an upright position is called

Stridor
9. Which is a high-pitched, harsh, crowing sound due to obstruction in the trachea or larynx?

Oropharynx
10. The ______________ is posterior to the mouth.

Mastication
1. The medical word that means chewing is

Enlargement of the liver and spleen
2. Hepatosplenomegaly refers to

Fundus
3. The part of the stomach that is superior to the pylorus is the

Open
4. The medical word patent means

Groin
5. An inguinal hernia would appear in the area of the

Cystic duct
6. The portion of the biliary tree that transports bile from the gallbladder to the common bile duct is the

Haustra
7. The normal, large puckered pouches in the walls of the large intestine are called

Pancreatitis
8. Steatorrhea is a symptom of

Uvula
9. Which structure hangs in the posterior oral cavity?

Proct/o-
10. Which of these is a combining form that means rectum?

Parkinson’s disease
1. Which is a chronic, degenerative disease due to an imbalance in the levels of the neurotransmitters
dopamine and acetylcholine in the brain?

Astrocytes
2. The cells of the nervous system that form the blood-brain barrier that keeps certain substances from
gaining access to the brain are called

Aphasia
3. The loss of the ability to communicate verbally or in writing is known as

Aura
4. Some patients with epilepsy experience an ____________ or forewarning of an impending seizure.

Arachnoid
5. The middle layer of the meninges that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord is known as the

Efferent nerves
6. Which nerves carry nerve impulses away from the spinal cord?

Vision
7. Trauma to the occipital lobe of the brain can affect a person’s sense of

Arteriovenous malformation
8. The abbreviation AVM means

Hypothalamus
9. Which part of the brain regulates body temperature, sensations of hunger and thirst, and the circadian
(24-hour) rhythm of the body?

Alzheimer’s disease.
10. The autopsy report read, “Numerous neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques are seen in the brain
tissue.” The diagnosis for this patient would be

Ophthalmologist
1. What is the term for a medical specialist who can perform surgery to treat or cure eye disorders?

Myopia
2. What is the term for a person who is nearsighted?

OS
3. Which is the abbreviation for the left eye?

Limbus
4. The border between the transparent edge of the cornea and the white of the fibrous sclera is the

Pupil
5. The round opening in the iris that allows light rays to enter the internal eye is the

Miosis
6. In bright light the muscles of the iris contract, reducing the size of the pupil in order to keep too much
light from entering the eye. This process is called

Colored portion of the eye
7. The combining form irid/o- refers to the

Eye socket
8. The combining form orbit/o- means

Conjuctivitis
9. What is the term for inflammation/infection of the lining of the eyelids (also called “pink eye”)?

It bends or refracts light rays entering the eyes
10. All of the following are true about the sclera except which sentence?

Acoustic neuroma
1. This condition is caused by a benign tumor on the vestibulocochlear nerve of the ear and can cause hearing loss.

PND
2. All of the following abbreviations relate to the ear or hearing except

Incus
3. The second bone of the middle ear is the

Malleus
4. Which is a structure in the middle ear that can be partially visualized during otoscopy?

Deafness
5. Anacusis is

Hearing
6. What is the purpose of the cochlear branch of cranial nerve VIII?

Otitis media
7. Which of these conditions is a common middle ear infection in children?

TMJ
8. All of the following abbreviations refer to the ear except

Cheek
9. The word buccal means pertaining to the

External ear, external auditory canal, tympanic membrane, middle ear, inner ear
10. Which best describes the path sound travels?

Opening
1. The meatus of the urethra is a/an

Ketonuria
2. The condition ____________ may be found in a diabetic patient who metabolizes fats instead of glucose
for energy.

Parenchyma
3. Which is the area of the kidney that includes the cortex and medulla?

Incontinence
4. The inability to voluntarily retain urine is

vesic/o-
5. Two medical terminology combining forms meaning the urinary bladder are cyst/o- and

Glomeruli
6. The plural of glomerulus is

Urethra
7. What tube connects the bladder to the outside of the body?

peristalsis
8. Which process involves the contractions of smooth muscle that propel urine through the ureter?

All of the above
9. In addition to creating and excreting urine in order to rid the body of wastes, the kidney also functions to
influence
*Red blood cell production
*Blood pressure
*The pH balance of the blood
*All of the above

Hydronephrosis
10. Enlargement of the kidney due to constant pressure from backed-up urine is called

External genitalia
1. Which includes the scrotum, testes, epididymis, penis, and urethra?

Seminiferous tubules
2. Spermatozoa production takes place in the

All of the above
3. Semen is produced in the
*Bulbourethral glands
*Prostate gland
*Seminal vesicles
*All of the above

Chlamydia
4. Which is the most common sexually transmitted disease? It is caused by a bacterium and sometimes
causes painful urination in the male.

Flagellum
5. Each spermatozoon contains a head containing chromosomes and a tail or ____________ that propels
it.

Prostrate
6. Which anatomical word is misspelled?

Epididymitis
7. Inflammation of the anatomical structure that stores mature spermatozoa is called

Orchitis
8. Inflammation or infection of the testes is called

Testicular cancer
9. Another name for a seminoma is

ED
10. Which abbreviation indicates impotence in the male?

Os
1. The opening for the cervical canal is the cervical

Ovary
2. All of the following are parts of the female external genitalia except
*Labia majora
*Clitoris
*Vaginal introitus
*Ovary

She has a rise of body temperature
3. How could a woman know that she was ovulating?

Colp/o-
4. Which combining form means vagina?

Meconium
5. The first stool of the newborn is a greenish-black waste called

Menarche
6. The first period of menstruation at the onset of puberty is known as

40
7. The neonate born at ____________ weeks would be considered a term newborn.

Prolapse
8. Uterine descensus is also known as uterine

Dimpling of the skin of the breast
9. Peau d’orange is a sign of possible breast cancer and appears as a

False labor pains
10. The eponym Braxton Hicks refers to

Apoptosis
1. The process of single-cell destruction or programmed cell death is known as

DNA
2. What is the primary cell structure that when damaged, starts the process of cancer formation?

Osteosarcoma
3. What type of cancer often results in the loss of a limb?

Chronic myelogenous leukemia
4. The Philadelphia chromosome appears in

Human papillomavirus (HPV)
5. An example of a pathogen that can cause cancer is

Adenocarcinoma
6. What is the medical term used for cancer of the glandular tissue?

Malignant melanoma
7. Which skin cancer is the fastest growing and most dangerous?

Metastatic
8. This term is used when cancer spreads from the original site to other parts of the body.

Osteosarcoma
9. What is the term for a sarcoma of the bone tissue?

Carcinogen
10. Which is an environmental substance that can contribute to the development of cancer?

Echocardiogram
1. The test that is used to show images of the heart muscle contraction in motion using high-frequency
sound waves is called

PET
2. Radioactive substances that emit positrons are used in ____________ scans.

Magnetic resonance imaging
3. X-rays are used during all of the following tests except

Sound waves
4. An ultrasound uses which type of technology to produce an image?

Radiation oncologist
5. What is the term for a doctor who specializes in treating cancer with radiation therapies?

Placing a radioactive implant directly into the bladder for bladder cancer
6. An example of brachytherapy would be

Interstitial radiotherapy
7. Which treatment involves radioactive implants (needles, wires, capsules, pellets/seeds) inserted into the tumor or the tissue around the tumor?

Stereotactic biopsy
8. Which procedure uses a CT scan to pinpoint the location of a mass in three dimensions and guide the
biopsy needle?

The xeromammogram image is printed on dry paper rather than on X-ray film
9. How does a xeromammogram differ from a mammogram?

MRI
10. Which imaging technology requires a special patient safety precautions check for metal objects?

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