Medical Terminology Chapter 15 (Ear)

auricle
one of the two parts of the external ear

cerumen
latin word sera (wax)
wax like secretion occurring in the external auditory canal

cochlea
a latin word meaning snail shell
part of the bony labyrinth

eustachian tube
the auditory tube that connects the middle ear to the pharynx

external auditory canal
from the latin word auditorius (pertaining to hearing)
one of the two parts of the external earl

incus
latin word meaning anvil
one of the auditory ossicles

labyrinth
from the greek word labyrinths (maze, large building with intricate passages)
canals of the inner ear

malleus
a latin word meaning hammer
one of the auditory ossicles

ossicles
from the latin word ossiculum (small bone)
three small bones in the middle ear. the malleus, incus , and stapes

pinna
a latin word meaning feather, wing, fin, lobe
another term for auricle

stapes
A MODERN LATIN WORD MEANING STIRRUP
ONE OF THE AUDITORY OSSICLES

tympanic cavity
the middle ear
the eardrum

anacusis
from the greek word akousis (hearing)
total deafness

conductive hearing loss
hearing loss caused by interference with sound interference with sound transmission in the external auditory canal, middle ear or ossicles

labyrinthitis
inflammation of the labyrinth

mastoiditis
inflammation of any part of the mastoid process

meniere sydnrome
chronic disease of the inner ear characterized by vertigo, tennitus, and periodic hearing loss

myringitis
inflammation of the tympanic membrane

otalgia
pain in the ear

otitis
inflammation of the ear

otodynia
earache

otopathy
any disease of the ear

otoplasty
surgical repair of the pinna in the ear

otorrhea
fluid discharge from the ear

otosclerosis
formation of spongy bone in the inner ear producing hearing loss

presbycusis
greek word akousis (hearing)
hearing loss that occurs with aging

sensorineural hearing loss
hearing loss caused by a neural condition

tinnitus
from the latin word tinnier (to ring)
sensation of noises (such as ringing) in the ears

vertigo
a latin word meaning dizziness
sensation of spinning or whirling, can be caused by infection or other disorder in the inner ear

audiologist
specialist who measures hearing efficiency and treats hearing impairment

audiology
speciality dealing with hearing and hearing disorders

otologist
specialized in otology, the branch of medical science concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the ear and its related structure

otology
branch of medical science concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the ear and its related structure

otorhinolaryngologist
physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose and throat disorders

audiogram
automatically recorded results of a hearing test with an audiometer

audiometer
electrical device for measuring hearing

audiometry
measuring hearing with an audiometer

cochlear implant
from the latin word cochlea (snail shell)
surgically implanted hearing aid in the cochlea

otoscope
device for looking into the ear

rinne test
a hearing test using a tuning fork; checks for differences in bone conduction and air conduction

tuning fork
an instrument that vibrates when struck

weber test
hearing test using a tuing fork; distinguishes between conductive and sensorieneural hearing loss

labyrinthotomy
a surgical incision into the labyrinth

mastoidectomy
surgical removal od the mastoid process

myringectomy
surgical removal of all or part of the tympanic membrane

myringoplasty
surgical repair of the tympanic membrane (ear drum)

myringotomu
incision or surgical puncture of the ear

stapedectomy
surgical removal of the stapes

tympanectomy
surgical removal of the eardrum

tympanocentesis
puncture of the tympanic membranee with a needle to aspirate middle ear fluid

tympanoplasty
surgery performed on the eardrum

tympanotomy
incision of the eardrum

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