Medical Terminology – Chapter 1
Inflammation of the gland.
Tumor of a gland.
A disease condition of a gland (often enlargement) of a gland.
Decrease of hemoglobin in the blood, caused by low red blood cell production, loss of blood, or increase of red blood cell destruction.
Pain of a joint.
Inflammation of a joint.
Examination of a body after death (postmortem) to determine the cause of death.
Study of life (living organisms).
Process of reviewing a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination.
Pertaining to producing cancer.
Cancerous or malignant tumor.
Pertaining to the heart.
Study of the heart.
Pertaining to the head.
Pertaining to the cerebrum (largest part of the brain).
Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Visual examination of the urinary bladder.
Study of cells.
Inflammation of the skin.
Study of the skin.
Complete knowledge of a patient’s condition.
Record of the electricity within the heart.
Record of the electricity within the brain.
Glands that secrete hormones within the body, directly into the bloodstream.
Specialist in the study of the endocrine glands.
Study of the endocrine glands.
Instrument to visually examine within the body.
Process of visual examination within the body.
Inflammation of the small intestine.
Disease condition of the intestines, often the small intestine.
The outer later of the skin.
Pertaining to above or upon the stomach.
Red blood cell.
Process of cutting out; removal; resection.
Organs that secrete chemicals to the outside of the body.
Removal or excision.
Pertaining to the stomach.
Study of the stomach and intestines.
Incision of the stomach.
Specialist in the study of disorders of the female reproductive system.
Study of the diseases of women, particularly those affecting the female reproductive system.
Study of blood and blood disorders.
Collection or mass of blood.
Blood protein contained in red blood cells.
Inflammation of the liver.
Tumor of the liver; hepatocellular carcinoma.
High levels of sugar in the blood.
Secretion by thyroid gland of a greater than normal amount of thyroxine (thyroid hormone, or T4).
Pertaining to under the skin.
Pertaining to below the stomach.
Too little sugar in the blood.
Pertaining to produced by a treatment or a procedure.
Process of cutting into or making an incision.
Disease of high numbers of malignant (cancerous) white blood cells.
White blood cell.
Slight increase in white blood cells.
Removal of a kidney.
Inflammation of a kidney.
Study of the kidneys and kidney disease.
Abnormal condition of the kidney.
Pertaining to nerves.
Pain of nerves.
Pertaining to the study of nerves.
Study of nerves and nerve disorders.
Specialist in the study of tumors, particularly malignant growths.
Study of tumors particularly malignant growths.
Specialist in the study of the eyes and eye disorders.
Instrument used by an ophthalmologist to visually examine the eyes.
Inflammation of a bone.
Inflammation of bones and joints; degeneration of bones and joints.
Incision of a bone.
Pertaining to producing disease.
A specialist in the study of disease.
Study of disease.
Pertaining to treatment of children.
The sac surrounding the heart.
State of knowledge before the fact; prediction about the outcome of an illness.
Produces semen, which contains fluid and sperm cells.
Specialist in treatment of the mind.
Treatment of the mind.
Study of the mind.
Study of x-rays and related procedures for diagnosis.
Pertaining to the kidney.
Removal or excision of an organ or part of the body.
Pertaining to behind the heart.
Inflammation of the nose.
Tumor (malignant) of flesh tissue such as bone, muscle, fat, and cartilage.
Pertaining to below the liver.
A clotting or platelet.
Pertaining to across the liver.
Study of the urinary tract.