Med Terminology Chapter 10

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appendage
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Any body part attached to a main structure
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tuberosity
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A large, rounded process on a bone is called:
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bone marrow
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At which site does hematopoiesis occur?
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plantar flexion
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Which action lowers the foot and points the toes?
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coccyx
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The tail bone is known as the:
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ilium, ischium, pubis
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Which bones form the three main divisions of the pelvis?
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meatus
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An opening or passageway is called:
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diarthrosis
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A freely movable joint is called:
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appendicular
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The two main divisions of the skeleton are the axial and the:
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rib cage
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The internal organs of the thoracic cavity are protected by the:
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supination
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Which action turns the palms up?
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fontanelle
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The soft spot between the cranial bones:
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osteoblasts
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Bone forming cells are called:
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diaphysis
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The shaft, or long main portion of the bone is called:
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joint
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Another term for articulation is:
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pronation
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Which action turns the palms down?
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axial skeleton
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The pelvic girdle attaches lower limbs to the:
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pelves
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The plural form of pelvis:
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articular cartilage
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A type of elastic connective tissue that provides a smooth surface for movement of the joints is called the:
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extension
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Which action increases the angle of a joint?
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calcane/o
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CF for heel bone
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arm
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The CF brachi/o means:
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femor/o
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CF for thigh bone:
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rhabdomy/o
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CF for rod-shaped (striated) muscle:
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clasia
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Which suffix means to break or surgical fracture?
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phalang/o
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CF for bones of fingers and toes:
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joint
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The CF arthr/o means:
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bone marrow, spinal cord
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The CF myel/o means:
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crooked, bent
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The CF scoli/o means:
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straight
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The CF orth/o means:
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head
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The CF cephal/o means:
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chest
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The CF thorac/o means:
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fingers, toes
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The CF dactyl/o means:
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cartilage
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The CF chondr/o means:
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humpback
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The CF kyph/o means:
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lordosis
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An abnormal, inward curvature of the lower portion of the spine is called:
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scoliosis
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Lateral curvature of the spine to the right or left:
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ankylosis
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Stiffening and immobility of a joint:
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spondylitis
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Inflammation of the vertebrae:
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claudication
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Lameness or limping:
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subluxation
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Partial or incomplete dislocation:
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gout
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Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation is called:
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sequestrum
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A segment of necrosed bone:
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exacerbation
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An increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms:
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complicated
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A fracture where the bone injures another organ such as a broken rib piercing a lung:
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open
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Type of fracture that involves a broken bone that causes an external wound:
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ganglion cyst
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A tumor of the tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist, is called:
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contracture
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Fibrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal motility is called:
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comminuted
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Type of fracture that involves a bone that breaks and splinters:
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talipes
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Clinical term for clubfoot
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Paget disease
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Another term for osteitis deformans:
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lordosis
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An abnormal condition of a swayback posture:
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orthopedics
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Branch of medicine that diagnoses, treats, and manages musculoskeletal disorders:
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osteoporosis
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A metabolic bone disorder that is common in postmenopausal women
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rheumatoid arthritis
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Chronic joint disease characterized by inflammation, pain, stiffness, and deformity of the affected joint:
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degenerative joint disease
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Osteoarthritis is also known as:
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osteomyelitis
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Infection of the bone and bone marrow:
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muscle tissue
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Muscular dystrophy is characterized by gradual weakening of:
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sarcomas
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Malignancies originating from bone, fat, muscle, cartilage, bone marrow, and cells of the lymphatic system:
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rheumatoid arthritis
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An autoimmune disease of joint tissue in which the patient’s antibodies attack cartilage and connective tissue:
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laminectomy
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Surgical procedure to relieve symptoms of a ruptured disc:
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arthroplasty
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Surgical reconstruction of a painful, degenerated joint:
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laminectomy
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Surgery to remove a herniated disc:
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osteoclast
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A device used to fracture bone for therapeutic purposes:
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craniotomy
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Incision of the skull:
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patellectomy
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Removal of the kneecap:
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costotome
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An instrument used to cut a rib:
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casts
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To correct talipes equinovarus, you apply _____ to progressively straighten the foot
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sequestrectomy
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Excision of necrosed bone:
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total hip replacement
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Surgical procedure that replaces the femoral head and the acetabulum with a metal ball and stem:
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scintigraphy
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Procedure that visualizes tissue and organs after administration of a radionuclide:
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gold salts
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Which classification of drugs is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis?
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calcium supplements
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Which classification of drugs is used to treat and prevent hypocalcemia?
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aspirin
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Which medication reduces inflammation and moderates pain?
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Bayer
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Trade name of aspirin:
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NSAIDs
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Which classification of drugs is used to treat acute musculoskeletal conditions?
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calcium
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Which mineral is an over the counter supplement used to help prevent osteoporosis?
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muscle relaxants
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Which classification of drugs is used to relieve muscle spasms and stiffness?
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CTS
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Which abbreviation refers to a painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the wrist canal?
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MG
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Which abbreviation refers to a neuromuscular disease in which the muscles become increasingly weak and eventually cease to function altogether?
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THR
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Which surgical procedure replaces a hip joint damaged by arthritis?
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false
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T/F: Hematopoiesis is a decrease in blood cells
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true
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T/F: lateral curvature of the spine to the right or left is called scoliosis
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true
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T/F: Pagets disease is also known as osteitis deformans
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true
answer

T/F: a malignant tumor arising from bone is called sarcoma
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true
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T/F: RA is believed to be an autoimmune disease
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true
answer

T/F: Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone and bone marrow
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true
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T/F: osteoarthritis commonly produces hard nodules at the distal interphalangeal joints
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false
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T/F: Ewing sarcoma usually affects ends of the long bones
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false
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T/F: bistered formation at the joints of toes are known as Heberden nodes
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false
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T/F: Talipes equinovarus is a congential deformity characterized by inward deviation of the toes on the right foot
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true
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T/F: electromyography is used to determine the strength of muscle contraction
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false
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T/F: a closed reduction is performed to realign fractured bones by surgical techniques
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false
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T/F: arthroclasia is a therapeutic procedure in which an ankylosed joint is placed in traction
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true
answer

T/F: In arthroscopy, instruments are introduced into the joint space through a small medium
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false
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T/F: Laminectomy is an excision of the bursa
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true
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T/F: The padlike sac found in connective tissue is known as the bursa
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false
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T/F: Sequestrectomy is an excision of healthy bone tissue
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true
answer

T/F: In THR, the femoral head and acetabulum are replaced with a metal ball and prosthesis
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false
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T/F: Arthrotomy is an incision that punctures a joint to remove accumulated fluid
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true
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T/F: an open reduction is one in which fractured bones are placed in their proper position during surgery
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false
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T/F: Gold salts contain unprocessed salt capsules that prevent progression of arthritis
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true
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T/F: Calcium supplements are used to prevent osteoporosis
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true
answer

T/F: CTS is the abbreviation that refers to a painful condition resulting from the compression of the median nerve within the wrist canal
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false
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T/F: HID is an abbreviation that refers to a herniated nucleus pulposus
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chest
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thorac/o
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muscle
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my/o
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stiffness, bent, crooked
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ankyl/o
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humpback
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kyph/o
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bone
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oste/o
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joint
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arthr/o
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straight
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orth/o
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bone marrow, spinal cord
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myel/o
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head
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cephal/o
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fingers, toes
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dactyl/o
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foot
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pod/o
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rod shaped (straited)
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rhabdomy/o
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arm
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brachi/o
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patella (kneecap)
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patell/o
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carpus (wrist bone)
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carp/o
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neck, cervix uteri
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cervic/o
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cartilage
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chondr/o
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smooth muscle (visceral)
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leiomy/o
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clavicle (collar bone)
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clavicul/o
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ribs
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cost/o
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cranium (skull)
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crani/o
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lamina (part of vertebral arch)
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lamin/o
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metacarpus (hand bones)
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metacarp/o
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crooked, bent
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scoli/o
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sternum (breastbone)
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stern/o
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rod shaped striated muscle
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rhabdomy/o
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subluxation
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Incomplete or partial dislocation
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rickets
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Softening of the bones caused by vitamin deficiency
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spondylolisthesis
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A slipped vertebrae
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claudication
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lameness, limping
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Muscular dystrophy
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Disease characterized by degeneration of muscles
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talipes
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Congenital deformity of the foot, which is pulled downward and laterally to the side
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sequestrum
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Part of a necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue
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myasthenia gravis
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Neuromuscular autoimmune disorder characterized by muscle weakness, especially in the eyes, face, throat, and limbs
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prosthesis
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Artificial part used for replacement of a missing limb
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ganglion cyst
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Tendon sheath or joint capsule tumor found in the wrist
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Hypotonia
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Loss of muscular tonicity
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Ewing sarcoma
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Type of cancer that attacks the shafts rather than the ends of long bones
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greenstick fracture
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Bone that is partially bent and partially broken; commonly occurs in children
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kyphosis
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Abnormal curvature of the spine (hunchback)
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osteoporosis
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Decrease in bone density that commonly occurs in the elderly
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scoliosis
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Deviation of the spine to the right or left
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hemarthrosis
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Effusion of blood in a joint cavity
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Comminuted fracture
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Bone that has splintered into pieces
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Phantom limb
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Perceived sensation, following amputation, that the limb still exists
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gout
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Metabolic disease caused by accumulation of uric acid, usually in the big toe
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necrosis
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Death of cells, tissues, or organs
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ankylosis
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Stiffening and immobility of a joint
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chondrosarcoma
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Malignant tumor of cartilage
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Heberden nodes
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Hard nodules that form at finger joints
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Spondylosis
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Degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae
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Sequestrectomy
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excision of a necrosed bone
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arthritis
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Inflammation of a joint
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myopathy
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Disease of muscles
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Osteopathy
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Disease of bone
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myomalacia
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Softening of muscle tissue
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chondroblast
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Embryonic cell that forms cartilage
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arthrocentesis
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Surgical puncture of a joint
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cephalometer
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Instrument for measuring the head
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craniotomy
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Incision of the cranium
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scoliosis
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Abnormal condition of a crooked, bent spine
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podiatry
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Medicine or treatment of the feet
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myoplasty
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Surgical repair of muscle
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thoractomy
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Incision of the chest
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arthrodesis
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Binding or fixation of a joint
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phalangitis
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Inflammation of the phalanges
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myorrhexis
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Rupture of a muscle
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osteogenesis
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Beginning or formation of bones
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myeloid
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Resembling bone marrow
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Osteoarthritis
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Inflammation of bones and joints
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myospasm
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Twitching of a muscle
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chondromalacia
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Softening of cartilage

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