Med Terminology Chapter 10

Flashcard maker : Tony Foust
appendage
Any body part attached to a main structure
tuberosity
A large, rounded process on a bone is called:
bone marrow
At which site does hematopoiesis occur?
plantar flexion
Which action lowers the foot and points the toes?
coccyx
The tail bone is known as the:
ilium, ischium, pubis
Which bones form the three main divisions of the pelvis?
meatus
An opening or passageway is called:
diarthrosis
A freely movable joint is called:
appendicular
The two main divisions of the skeleton are the axial and the:
rib cage
The internal organs of the thoracic cavity are protected by the:
supination
Which action turns the palms up?
fontanelle
The soft spot between the cranial bones:
osteoblasts
Bone forming cells are called:
diaphysis
The shaft, or long main portion of the bone is called:
joint
Another term for articulation is:
pronation
Which action turns the palms down?
axial skeleton
The pelvic girdle attaches lower limbs to the:
pelves
The plural form of pelvis:
articular cartilage
A type of elastic connective tissue that provides a smooth surface for movement of the joints is called the:
extension
Which action increases the angle of a joint?
calcane/o
CF for heel bone
arm
The CF brachi/o means:
femor/o
CF for thigh bone:
rhabdomy/o
CF for rod-shaped (striated) muscle:
clasia
Which suffix means to break or surgical fracture?
phalang/o
CF for bones of fingers and toes:
joint
The CF arthr/o means:
bone marrow, spinal cord
The CF myel/o means:
crooked, bent
The CF scoli/o means:
straight
The CF orth/o means:
head
The CF cephal/o means:
chest
The CF thorac/o means:
fingers, toes
The CF dactyl/o means:
cartilage
The CF chondr/o means:
humpback
The CF kyph/o means:
lordosis
An abnormal, inward curvature of the lower portion of the spine is called:
scoliosis
Lateral curvature of the spine to the right or left:
ankylosis
Stiffening and immobility of a joint:
spondylitis
Inflammation of the vertebrae:
claudication
Lameness or limping:
subluxation
Partial or incomplete dislocation:
gout
Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation is called:
sequestrum
A segment of necrosed bone:
exacerbation
An increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms:
complicated
A fracture where the bone injures another organ such as a broken rib piercing a lung:
open
Type of fracture that involves a broken bone that causes an external wound:
ganglion cyst
A tumor of the tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist, is called:
contracture
Fibrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal motility is called:
comminuted
Type of fracture that involves a bone that breaks and splinters:
talipes
Clinical term for clubfoot
Paget disease
Another term for osteitis deformans:
lordosis
An abnormal condition of a swayback posture:
orthopedics
Branch of medicine that diagnoses, treats, and manages musculoskeletal disorders:
osteoporosis
A metabolic bone disorder that is common in postmenopausal women
rheumatoid arthritis
Chronic joint disease characterized by inflammation, pain, stiffness, and deformity of the affected joint:
degenerative joint disease
Osteoarthritis is also known as:
osteomyelitis
Infection of the bone and bone marrow:
muscle tissue
Muscular dystrophy is characterized by gradual weakening of:
sarcomas
Malignancies originating from bone, fat, muscle, cartilage, bone marrow, and cells of the lymphatic system:
rheumatoid arthritis
An autoimmune disease of joint tissue in which the patient’s antibodies attack cartilage and connective tissue:
laminectomy
Surgical procedure to relieve symptoms of a ruptured disc:
arthroplasty
Surgical reconstruction of a painful, degenerated joint:
laminectomy
Surgery to remove a herniated disc:
osteoclast
A device used to fracture bone for therapeutic purposes:
craniotomy
Incision of the skull:
patellectomy
Removal of the kneecap:
costotome
An instrument used to cut a rib:
casts
To correct talipes equinovarus, you apply _____ to progressively straighten the foot
sequestrectomy
Excision of necrosed bone:
total hip replacement
Surgical procedure that replaces the femoral head and the acetabulum with a metal ball and stem:
scintigraphy
Procedure that visualizes tissue and organs after administration of a radionuclide:
gold salts
Which classification of drugs is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis?
calcium supplements
Which classification of drugs is used to treat and prevent hypocalcemia?
aspirin
Which medication reduces inflammation and moderates pain?
Bayer
Trade name of aspirin:
NSAIDs
Which classification of drugs is used to treat acute musculoskeletal conditions?
calcium
Which mineral is an over the counter supplement used to help prevent osteoporosis?
muscle relaxants
Which classification of drugs is used to relieve muscle spasms and stiffness?
CTS
Which abbreviation refers to a painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the wrist canal?
MG
Which abbreviation refers to a neuromuscular disease in which the muscles become increasingly weak and eventually cease to function altogether?
THR
Which surgical procedure replaces a hip joint damaged by arthritis?
false
T/F: Hematopoiesis is a decrease in blood cells
true
T/F: lateral curvature of the spine to the right or left is called scoliosis
true
T/F: Pagets disease is also known as osteitis deformans
true
T/F: a malignant tumor arising from bone is called sarcoma
true
T/F: RA is believed to be an autoimmune disease
true
T/F: Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone and bone marrow
true
T/F: osteoarthritis commonly produces hard nodules at the distal interphalangeal joints
false
T/F: Ewing sarcoma usually affects ends of the long bones
false
T/F: bistered formation at the joints of toes are known as Heberden nodes
false
T/F: Talipes equinovarus is a congential deformity characterized by inward deviation of the toes on the right foot
true
T/F: electromyography is used to determine the strength of muscle contraction
false
T/F: a closed reduction is performed to realign fractured bones by surgical techniques
false
T/F: arthroclasia is a therapeutic procedure in which an ankylosed joint is placed in traction
true
T/F: In arthroscopy, instruments are introduced into the joint space through a small medium
false
T/F: Laminectomy is an excision of the bursa
true
T/F: The padlike sac found in connective tissue is known as the bursa
false
T/F: Sequestrectomy is an excision of healthy bone tissue
true
T/F: In THR, the femoral head and acetabulum are replaced with a metal ball and prosthesis
false
T/F: Arthrotomy is an incision that punctures a joint to remove accumulated fluid
true
T/F: an open reduction is one in which fractured bones are placed in their proper position during surgery
false
T/F: Gold salts contain unprocessed salt capsules that prevent progression of arthritis
true
T/F: Calcium supplements are used to prevent osteoporosis
true
T/F: CTS is the abbreviation that refers to a painful condition resulting from the compression of the median nerve within the wrist canal
false
T/F: HID is an abbreviation that refers to a herniated nucleus pulposus
chest
thorac/o
muscle
my/o
stiffness, bent, crooked
ankyl/o
humpback
kyph/o
bone
oste/o
joint
arthr/o
straight
orth/o
bone marrow, spinal cord
myel/o
head
cephal/o
fingers, toes
dactyl/o
foot
pod/o
rod shaped (straited)
rhabdomy/o
arm
brachi/o
patella (kneecap)
patell/o
carpus (wrist bone)
carp/o
neck, cervix uteri
cervic/o
cartilage
chondr/o
smooth muscle (visceral)
leiomy/o
clavicle (collar bone)
clavicul/o
ribs
cost/o
cranium (skull)
crani/o
lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lamin/o
metacarpus (hand bones)
metacarp/o
crooked, bent
scoli/o
sternum (breastbone)
stern/o
rod shaped striated muscle
rhabdomy/o
subluxation
Incomplete or partial dislocation
rickets
Softening of the bones caused by vitamin deficiency
spondylolisthesis
A slipped vertebrae
claudication
lameness, limping
Muscular dystrophy
Disease characterized by degeneration of muscles
talipes
Congenital deformity of the foot, which is pulled downward and laterally to the side
sequestrum
Part of a necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue
myasthenia gravis
Neuromuscular autoimmune disorder characterized by muscle weakness, especially in the eyes, face, throat, and limbs
prosthesis
Artificial part used for replacement of a missing limb
ganglion cyst
Tendon sheath or joint capsule tumor found in the wrist
Hypotonia
Loss of muscular tonicity
Ewing sarcoma
Type of cancer that attacks the shafts rather than the ends of long bones
greenstick fracture
Bone that is partially bent and partially broken; commonly occurs in children
kyphosis
Abnormal curvature of the spine (hunchback)
osteoporosis
Decrease in bone density that commonly occurs in the elderly
scoliosis
Deviation of the spine to the right or left
hemarthrosis
Effusion of blood in a joint cavity
Comminuted fracture
Bone that has splintered into pieces
Phantom limb
Perceived sensation, following amputation, that the limb still exists
gout
Metabolic disease caused by accumulation of uric acid, usually in the big toe
necrosis
Death of cells, tissues, or organs
ankylosis
Stiffening and immobility of a joint
chondrosarcoma
Malignant tumor of cartilage
Heberden nodes
Hard nodules that form at finger joints
Spondylosis
Degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae
Sequestrectomy
excision of a necrosed bone
arthritis
Inflammation of a joint
myopathy
Disease of muscles
Osteopathy
Disease of bone
myomalacia
Softening of muscle tissue
chondroblast
Embryonic cell that forms cartilage
arthrocentesis
Surgical puncture of a joint
cephalometer
Instrument for measuring the head
craniotomy
Incision of the cranium
scoliosis
Abnormal condition of a crooked, bent spine
podiatry
Medicine or treatment of the feet
myoplasty
Surgical repair of muscle
thoractomy
Incision of the chest
arthrodesis
Binding or fixation of a joint
phalangitis
Inflammation of the phalanges
myorrhexis
Rupture of a muscle
osteogenesis
Beginning or formation of bones
myeloid
Resembling bone marrow
Osteoarthritis
Inflammation of bones and joints
myospasm
Twitching of a muscle
chondromalacia
Softening of cartilage

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