Med Term Chapter 9

A short-term, small stroke with symptoms lasting for less than 24 hours is abbreviated as a (n)
TIA
Which word containing a prefix, root, and suffix refers to a condition involving the chronic, progressive, and irreversible loss of the mind’s cognitive and intellectual functions?
Dementia
Of the following words, which one has a word element meaning cobweb or spider?
Arachnoid mater
Which of the following words means a junction between two nerve cells?
Synapse
The root/combining form in the word astrocyte means
star
The word which refers to a loss of motor control and sensation as a result of injury to the spinal cord is
paralysis
A circumscribed dilation of an artery that can cause a stroke is a (n)
aneurysm
The word which is derived from the Greek meaning dance, and which refers to involuntary, irregular spasms of limb and facial muscles is
chorea
The prefix in the word trigeminal means
three
Which of the following conditions results from demylenization?
Multiple sclerosis
Which of the following words means the sensory experience preceding an epileptic seizure or a migraine headache?
Aura
Which of the following words means the body’s natural pain reliever?
Endorphin
The root/combining form in the word narcolepsy means
stupor
Which of the following words means pertaining to within the subarachnoid or subdural space?
Intrathecal
Bell palsy is characterized by
paralysis or paresis on one side of the face
The root/combining form polio means
gray matter
Many congenital neurologic abnormalities can be prevented by the mother taking ________before conception and during early pregnancy.
folic acid
Which of the following classification of medications refers to a pharmacologic agent capable of preventing or arresting seizure activity?
Antiepileptics
Alzheimer disease is the most common form of dementia. It affects 10% of the population over 65 and 50% of the population over 85. Nerve cells in the areas of the brain associated with memory and cognition are replaced by abnormal clumps and tangles of a protein. Which of the following statements best describes a patient with this condition?
The disease is chronic, progressive, and irreversible.
Which of the following words means the process of recording the electrical activity of the brain?
Electroencephalography
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the term used to describe the motor impairment resulting from brain damage in the infant or young child, regardless of the cause or the effect on the child. It is not hereditary. In congenital CP, the cause is often unknown but can be due to brain malformations or maternal use of cocaine; CP developed at birth or in the neonatal period is usually related to an incident causing hypoxia of the brain. Which statement best describes a child with this condition?
There is a relationship to low levels of oxygen in the brain.
The dura mater is the
hard, fibrous, outer layer of the meninges
The word for a web-like network of joined nerves is a ______________, and its plural is ______________.
plexus; plexuses
Of the following words, which one means pertaining to the skull?
Cranial
Which of the following words means a condition involving paralysis of one side of the body?
Hemiplegia
The epidural space is located
above the dura mater
A hereditary condition which starts with mild personality changes and progresses to involuntary, jerky, irregular movements and muscle weakness with dementia is
Huntington disease
An inflammation of the brain and spinal cord is called
encephalomyelitis
A condition caused by an excessive amount of CSF causing ventricular enlargement is
Hydrocephalus
The prefix in the word intervertebral means
between
The root/combining form in the word anesthesia means
feeling, sensation
A disease characterized by muscular rigidity, tremors, and a masklike facial expression is
Parkinson disease
The cause of a febrile seizure is a
fever
The root/combining form in the word syringomyelia means
tube, pipe
The congenital condition in which the cerebral hemispheres are absent is
Anencephaly
The definition of status epilepticus is
a state of persistent seizures
The phase immediately following a seizure is known as the
postictal phase
An inflammation of the brain is called
encephalitis
A collection of blood located outside the dura mater is called a(n)
epidural hematoma
The root/combining form in the word microangiopathy means
blood vessel
An invasive procedure in which a radiopaque dye is injected into the blood vessels of the neck and brain to detect blood vessels that are partially or completely blocked, aneurysms, or AV malformations is a
cerebral angiography
Which of the following words has a suffix which means covering?
Neurilemma
A tumor of the covering of the brain and spinal cord is called a(n)
meningioma
Mononeuropathy is a disorder
affecting a single nerve
A selective mechanism that protects the brain from toxins and infections is abbreviated as the
BBB
The word for a groove on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres is a ______________, and its plural is ______________.
sulcus; sulci
The term which means inability to coordinate muscle activity leading to jerky movements is
ataxia
A disease in which the body makes antibodies against myelin, thereby disrupting nerve conduction is
Guillain-Barré syndrome
Encephalopathy and liver damage in children, linked to aspirin use following an acute viral illness is known as
Reye syndrome
A disease caused by the immune system producing antibodies that attack the acetylcholine receptors on the muscle cells, causing drooping eyelids, weak eye muscles causing double vision, difficulty talking and swallowing, and muscle weakness in the limbs is
Myasthenia gravis
A blood clot in a cerebral artery that originates elsewhere in the body and causes a stroke is called a (n)
embolism
A congenital condition in which the head is small with small cerebral hemispheres and with moderate to severe motor and mental retardation is
Microcephaly
Which of the following words has a prefix meaning short?
Brachytherapy
The congenital condition in which the spinal cord and meninges protrude through a defect in the vertebral arch of one or more vertebrae is
Meningomyelocele
The word which is derived from the Greek meaning deep sleep, trance and means a state of deep unconsciousness is
coma
A thrombolytic agent is abbreviated as a (n)
TPA
A condition caused by an excessive amount of CSF causing ventricular enlargement is
Hydrocephalus
The adult brain weighs around three pounds. Its size and weight are proportional to body size, not intelligence. Which of the following statements best describes the anatomy of the brain?
The IQ of an individual cannot be predicted from the size of the brain.
The C in LOC stands for
consciousness
The word cervical means pertaining to the
neck
An inflammation of the coverings of the brain and spinal cord is called
meningitis
Abnormal sensations such as tingling, burning, and prickling are called
paresthesia
The word cognition means the process of
acquiring knowledge through thinking, learning, and memory
The plural form of the word ganglion is
ganglia
Which of the following conditions refers to a chronic brain disorder caused by paroxysmal excessive neuronal discharges?
Epilepsy
Which of the following terms means pertaining to the brain and spinal cord?
Cerebrospinal
A disease involving the brain is called a(n)
Encephalopathy
A diagnostic test in which CSF is removed for laboratory testing is called a(n)
lumbar puncture
A disease that is transmitted by the bite of an infected deer tick is
Lyme disease
A diagnostic test which records the electrical activity in a muscle is a (n)
electromyography
The brain and spinal cord make up the
central nervous system
A person who is paralyzed in all four limbs has
Quadriplegia
Which of the following words forms the plural by adding “s”?
Paresthesia
A disorder of multiple motor and vocal tics is called
Tourette syndrome
The suffix in the word neuralgia means
pain
The word seizure means
an event due to excessive electrical activity in the brain
Herpes zoster (shingles) is an infection of peripheral nerves arising from a re-activation of the primary childhood viral infection ____________________.
chickenpox
The cranial nerve that moves the eye is the ______________ nerve.
oculomotor
Prions are linked to which of the following diseases?
CJD and BSE
The T in TBI stands for
traumatic
An accumulation of excess fluid in the extracellular spaces of the brain is called
cerebral edema
The root in the word endarterectomy means
artery
Acetylcholine, serotonin, and dopamine are examples of
neurotransmitters

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