Med Term Chapter 6

anti-
against
immun/o
protected
carcin/o
cancer
lymph/o
lymph
lymphaden/o
lymph node
-plasm
formation
phag/o
eat, swallow
-oma
tumor
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
neo-
new or strange
onc/o
tumor
tox/o
poison
splen/o
spleen
sarc/o
flesh
-tic
pertaining to
rickettsia
small bacterium transmitted by the bite of an infected tick
rabies
acute viral infection transmitted to humans by an infected animal
parasite
organism living on or within another living organism
bacilli
rod-shaped, spore-forming bacteria
spirochetes
spiral-shaped bacteria with flexible walls
metastasize
process by which cancer spreads
sarcoma
malignant tumor derived from connective tissue
osteosarcoma
malignant tumor in the upper shaft of long bones
metastasis
new cancer site resulting from spreading
myosarcoma
malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
lymphangioma
a benign tumor formed by abnormal lymphatic vessels
lymphadenitis
also known as swollen glands
lymphadenopathy
any disease affecting a lymph node
lymphedema
abnormal swelling due to accumulated lymph in the tissues
lymphoma
malignancies that develop in the lymphatic system
cytokines
proteins that act as intracellular signals to begin the immune response
lymphocytes
white blood cells formed in the bone marrow as stem cells
macrophage
a white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells
interferon
produced in response to the presence of antigens
immunoglobulins
bind with specific antigens in the antigen-antibody response
_____ is a form of treatment that disrupts the blood supply to the tumor.
Antiangiogenesis
Which highly contagious viral respiratory infection is commonly known as the flu?
influenza
A/An _____ is a physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of malignant disorders such as tumors and cancer.
oncologist
_____ is caused by damage to lymphatic vessels caused by cancer treatment, surgery, radiation scarring, injuries, or burns.
Secondary lymphedema
A medication used to treat viral infections is known as a/an _____.
antiviral
_____ are leukocytes that provide immunological defenses against many infectious organisms.
Monocytes
The _____ is a mass of lymphoid tissue located above the heart.
thymus
_____ lymph nodes are located along the sides of the neck.
Cervical
Very small infectious agents that live only by invading other cells are called _____.
viruses
_____ is a class of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled division of cells.
Cancer
_____ is a rare but aggressive form of breast cancer.
Inflammatory breast cancer
Which term refers to a self-care procedure for the early detection of breast cancer?
breast self-examination
Which procedure involves the surgical removal of an entire breast and many of the surrounding tissues?
radical mastectomy
_____ is the use of radioactive materials in contact with or implanted into the tissues to be treated.
Brachytherapy
______ wraps the body in a physical barrier to prevent invading organisms from entering the body.
Intact skin
Whichtype of leukocyte surrounds and kills invading cells?
macrophage
Which type of immunity develops from having had a contagious disease?
acquired
Which term describes a benign tumor made up of abnormal lymphatic vessels?
lymphangioma
Which gland plays important roles in both the immune and cardiovascular systems?
thymus
What type of breast cancer has not broken through the milk duct and has a cure rate of nearly 100?
ductal carcinoma in situ
Which term means a carcinoma derived from glandular
tissue?
adenocarcinoma
Which substance produced in the laboratory is used as a postexposure preventive measure against
rabies?
immunoglobulins
Which
condition is caused by damage to lymphatic vessels from cancer treatment, injuries, or burns
?
secondary lymphedema
Which is a group of proteins whose specialty is fighting viruses by slowing or stopping their multiplication?
interferons
Which term means a malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue?
myeloma
What form of therapy involves the use of radioactive materials implanted into the tissues to be treated?
brachytherapy
Which organ or structure has a major hemolytic function?
spleen
Which term refers to the state of being resistant to a specific disease?
immunity
Which term describes medication used to prevent the rejection of donor tissue?
immunosuppressant
Which test is used to confirm an HIV diagnosi
s?
Western blot
Which term describes any substance that the body regards as foreign?
antigen
Which term describes an inflammation of the lymph nodes?
lymph
adenitis
Which of these diseases is caused by a parasite?
malaria
Which viral infection is commonly known as chickenpox?
varicella
Which form of bacteria causes Lyme disease?
rickettsia
Which term describes the process by which a tumor creates its own blood supply?
angiogenesis
Which term is the verb describing the process by which cancer spreads from the primary site to a secondary site?
metastasis
Which lymphatic structures are located at the base of the tongue?
lingual tonsils
Which term means an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues that occurs when lymph vessels do not drain properly?
lymphedema
A specialist in diagnosing and treating conditions of altered immunologic reactivity such as allergic reactions is known as a/an
allergist
The chain-forming bacteria that cause the severe pharyngitis known as a strep throat are
streptococci
A severe systemic allergic
response in which the patient may die within minutes is known as
Anaphylaxis
A drug that kills or damages cells is known as a/an
Cytotoxic
A large white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells is
macrophage
The cancer often associated with HIV is Kaposi’s
Sarcoma
A specialist in diagnosing and treating malignant disorders such as tumors and cancer
is a/an
oncologist

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