Med Term Ch4 – terms

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Adipose adip -ose
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fat pertaining to pertaining to fatty tissue throughout the body
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amiblateral ambi- later -al
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both side pertaining to Pertaining to both sides
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anatomy ana- -tomy
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up; apart incision Literally means to cut up or to cut apart. The study of the structure of an organism such as humans.
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android andr- -oid
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man resemble to resemble man
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anterior anter- -ior
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toward the front pertaining to pertaining to a surface or part situated toward the front of the body
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apex
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pointed end of a cone-shaped structure
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base
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Lower part or foundation of a structure
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bilateral bi- later -al
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two side pertaining to pertaining to two sides
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biology bi/o -logy
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life study of study of life
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caudal caud -al
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tail pertaining to pertaining to the tail
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center
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midpoint of a body or activity
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chromosome chromo- -some
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color body microscopic bodies in the nucleus that carry the genes that determine hereditary characteristics
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Cilia
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Hairlike processes that project from epithelial cells; they help propel mucus, dust, particles and other foreign substances from the respiratory tract
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cranial cran/i -al
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cranium pertaining to pertaining to the cranium (the portion of the skull that contains the brain
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cytology cyt/o -logy
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cell study of study of cells
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deep
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far down from the surface
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dehydrate de- hydr -ate
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down away from water use, action to remove water; to lose or be deprived of water from the body; to become dry
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diffusion dif- fus -ion
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apart to pour -ion The process whereby particles in fluid move from an area of high concentration to an area of lower concentration, resulting in an even distribution of the particles in the fluid
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distal dist -al
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away form the point of origin pertaining to farthest from the center or point of origin
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dorsal dor -al
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backward pertaining to pertaining to the back side of the body
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ectomorph ecto- -morph
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outside form, shape slender physical body, form linear physique
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endomorph endo- -morph
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within form, shape round and soft physical body form
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filtration filtrat -ion
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to strain through process process of filtering or straining particles from solution
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gene
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hereditary unit that transmits and determines ones characteristics or hereditary traits
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histology hist/o -logyy
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tissue study of Study of tissue
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homeostasis homeo- -stasis
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similar, same control, stop, stand still state of equilibrium maintained in the body’s internal environment; an important fundamental principle of physiology that permits a body to maintain a constant internal environment despite changes in the external environment
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horizontal horizont -al
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horizon pertaining to pertaining to the horizon, of or near the horizon, lying flat, even, level
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human genome
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complete set of genes and chromosomes tucked inside each of the body’s trillions of cells
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inferior infer -ior
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below pertaining to pertaining to below or in a downward direction
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inguinal inguin -al
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groin pertaining to pertaining to the groin, or or near the groin
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internal intern -al
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within pertaining to pertaining to within or the inside
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karyogenesis kary/o -genesis
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cells nucleus formation, produce formation of a cells nucleus
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lateral (lat, lat) later -al
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side pertaining to pertaining to the side
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medial medi -al
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toward the middle pertaining to pertaining to the middle or midline
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mesomorph meso- -morph
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middle form, shape well-proportioned body form marked by predominance of tissue derived from the mesoderm (the middle layer of cells in the developing embryo)
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organic organ -ic
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organ pertaining to pertaining to an organ or oragans; pertaining to or derived from vegetable or animal forms of life
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pathology path/o -logy
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disease study of study of disease
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perfusion per- fus -ion
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through to pour process Literally means a process of pouring through; as passing of fluid through spaces, to supply the body with nutritive fluid via the bloodstream
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phenotype phen/o -type
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to show type physical appearance or type of makeup of an individual
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physiology physi/o -logy
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nature study of Study of function (nature) of living organisms
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posterior poster -ior
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behind, toward the back pertaining to pertaining to the back part of a structure, toward the back
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protoplasm proto- -plasm
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essential matter inside a cell
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proximal proxim -al
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near the point of origin pertaining to nearest the center or point of origin, nearest the point of attachement
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somatography somat/o troph -ic
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body a turning pertaining to pertaining to stimulation of body growth
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superficial
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pertaining to the surface on or near the surface
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superior super- -ior
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upper, above pertaining to pertaining to above or in an upward direction
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systematic system -ic
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composite whole pertaining to pertaining to the body as a whole
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topical topic -al
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place pertaining to pertaining to a place, definite locale
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unilateral uni- later -al
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one side pertaining to pertaining to one side
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ventral ventr -al
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near the belly side pertaining to pertaining to the front side of the body, abdomen, belly surface
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vertex
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Top or highest point; top or crown of the head
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visceral viscer -al
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body organs pertaining to pertaining to body organs enclosed within a cavity, especially abdominal organs
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ventral
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anterior- in front of or before, the front side of the body
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cephalic
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pertaining to the head; superior in position
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Cell Membrane
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a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell – protects the cell and provides for communication via proteins
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cytoplasm
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provides storage and work areas for th cell, the workd and storage of elements of the cell called organelles.
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ribosomes
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make enzymes and other proteins, nicknamed protein factories
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endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
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carries proteins and other substances through the cytoplasm
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Golgi Apparatus
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Chemically processes the molecules from the endoplasmic reticulum and then packages them into vesicles – nicknamed chemical processing and packaging center
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mitochondria
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involved in cellular metabolism and respiration, provides the principle source of cellular energy and is the place where complex energy releasing chemical reactions occur continuously, nicknamed power plants
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lysosomes
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contain enzymes that can digest food compounds, nicknamed digestive bags
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Centrioles
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play an important role in cell reporoduction
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Cilia
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Hairlike processes that project from epithelial cells help propel mucus dust particles and other foreign substances from the respiratory tract
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Flagellum
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Tail of the sperm, that enables the sperm to swim or move toward the ovum
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Nucleus
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Controls every organelle (little organ) in the cytoplasm, contains the genetic matter necessary for cell reproduction as well as control over activity within the cells cytoplasm, responsible for the cells metabolism growth and reproduction
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AL
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Aluminum
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C
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Carbon
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Ca
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Calcium
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Cl
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Chlorine
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Co
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Cobalt
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Cu
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Copper
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F
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Flourine
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H
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Hydrogen
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I
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Iodine
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Fe
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Iron
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Mn
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Maganese
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Mg
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Magnesium
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N
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Nitrogen
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O or O2
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Oxygen
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Phosphorus
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P
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K
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Potassium
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Na
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Sodium
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S
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Sulfur
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Zn
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Zinc

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