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Massage Therapy Chapter 30: Urinary System

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Kindeys
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Two reddish-brown organs located bilatareally at the spinal level T11 to L3.
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Cortex
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Outer reign; nephron’s renal capsule, renal corpuscle, and portions of the renal tubule are located here.
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Medulla
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Inner reign; the loose of Henle of the renal tubule is located here.
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Nephorns
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The kidneys are composed of filtering units; specialized tube-shaped structures that filter, reads orb, and excrete substances in form urine.
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Renal Corpuscle
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Composed of the bowman capsule and the glomerulus.
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Bowman Capsule
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Glomerulus capsule; hollow cup-shaped section of the nephron that surround the glomerulus.
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Glomerulus
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A cluster of blood capillaries connected by two Arterioles; an Afferent Arterioles that carries blood Ito glomerulus and a efferent Arterioles that carries blood away from it.
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Filtration Membrane
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Between the Bowman capsule and the glomerulus; contains pores which allow certain substance to be filtered out of the blood.
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Renal Tubule
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A hollow tube between the renal corpuscle and the collecting duct.
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Juxtaglomerular Appartus
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Monitors blood pressure and concentration of the filtrate.
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Juxtaglomerular Cells
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Act as Mechanoreceptors and monitor blood pressure.
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Macula Densa
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Tightly packed cells, which act as chemoreceptors and monitor concentration of the filtrate as it passes through the tubule.
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Ureters
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Two slender, hollow tubes consisting of mostly smooth muscle that extend from the renal pelvis of the kidneys to the urinary bladder.
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Urinary Bladder
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An expandable sac that stores urine.
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Urination
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The release of urine from the urinary bladder.
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Urine
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Watery yellowish fluid that is discharged through the urethra
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Filtration
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The first step in the process of filtering blood and manufacturing urine.
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Tubular Reabsorption
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Filtered molecules are reabsorbed from the renal tubule into peritubular blood.
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Tubular Secretion
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Certain molecules move from the peritubular blood into the renal tubule.
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Extracellular Fluids
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Fluids located outside the body cells.
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Intracellular Fluids
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Fluids located within the body cells.
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Dehydration
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Excess loss of water from the body.
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Edema
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Abnormal accusations of fluids in the body.