Literary Vocab

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Genre
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a division or type of literture
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antagonist
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a character or a force in conflict with a main charactor, or protagonist
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allusion
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a reference to a well known person, event, place, literary work, or work of art
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direct characterization
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when a writer states the character traits, or characteristics
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simile
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a figure of speach that uses like or as
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metaphor
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a figure of speach in which something is described as though it was something else
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theme
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a central message, concern, or purpose in a literary work
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symbol
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anything that stands for or represents something else
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tone
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the writers attitude toward his or her audiance and subject
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indirect characterization
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when a writer depends on the reader to draw conclusions about the character’s traits
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irony
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a contradiction between what happens and what is expected
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verbal irony
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something contradictory that is said (sarcasm)
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situational irony
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when something happens that directly contradicts the espectations of the characters or the audience
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informal essay
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an essay that uses casual, conversational language
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historical essay
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an essay that gives facts, explanations and insights about historical events
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expository essay
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an essay that explains an idea by breaking it down
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narrative essay
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an essay that tells a story about a real life experience
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informational essay
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an essay that explains a process
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persuasive essay
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an essay that offers an opinion and explains it
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character
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a person or an animal that takes part in the action of a literary work
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flat character
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a character that is one sided and often stereotypical
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round character
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a character that is fully developed and exhibits many traits
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dynamic character
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a character who changes or grows during the course of the work
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static character
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a character who does not change
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point of view
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the perspective or vantage point from which the story is told
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first person point of view
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a point of view told by a character who uses the first person pronoun \”I\”
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3rd person limited
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the narrator relates the thoughts and feelings of only one character, and every thing is viewed from his/her perspective
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3rd person omnitive
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the narrator knows and tells about what each character feels
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plot
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the sequence of events in a story
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exposition
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(introduction) the part of the work that introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation
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conflict
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a struggle against opposing forces
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setting
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the time and place of the action
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climax
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(highest turning point) the highest point in the action of the plot
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resolution
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the outcome of the conflict in the plot

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