Lincoln & The Civil War

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Which event led directly to the secession of several Southern states from the Union? (1) violence in Kansas over the spread of slavery (2) election of Abraham Lincoln as president (3) publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin (4) raid by John Brown at Harpers Ferry
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(2) election of Abraham Lincoln as president
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The Missouri Compromise (1820), the Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) were all efforts to (1) end fighting between midwestern farmers and Native American Indians (2) encourage manufacturing in the West (3) increase the number of people who voted in presidential elections (4) settle disputes over the spread of slavery to the western territories
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(4) settle disputes over the spread of slavery to the western territories
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One way that ―Bleeding Kansas,‖ the Dred Scott decision, and John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry had a similar effect on the United States was that these events (1) ended conflict over slavery in the territories (2) eased tensions between the North and the South (3) contributed to the formation of the Whig Party (4) made sectional compromise more difficult
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(4) made sectional compromise more difficult
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“A house divided against itself cannot stand. . . . I do not expect the Union to be dissolved; I do not expect the house to fall; but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other. . . .” — Abraham Lincoln, 1858 1. The “divided house” referred to in this speech was caused primarily by A. expansionism B. war with Mexico C. slavery D.the suffrage movement
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C. slavery
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As the Civil War began, President Abraham Lincoln stated that his primary goal was to (1) end slavery (2) set new national boundaries (3) increase congressional powers (4) preserve the Union
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(4) preserve the Union
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. “. . . Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!” — Daniel Webster, 1830 The principle expressed in this statement was also reflected in A. Thomas Jefferson’s call for nullification of the Alien and Sedition Acts B. Federalist Party threats during the War of 1812 C. John Calhoun’s defense of States rights D. Abraham Lincoln’s attitude toward Southern secession
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D. Abraham Lincoln’s attitude toward Southern secession
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Actions Taken by President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War I. Increased the size of the army without congressional authorization II. Arrested and jailed anti-Unionists without giving a reason III. Censored some anti-Union newspapers and had some editors and publishers arrested Which statement is most clearly supported by these actions of President Lincoln? A. Wartime emergencies led President Lincoln to expand his presidential powers. B. President Lincoln was impeached for violating the Constitution. C. Checks and balances effectively limited President Lincoln’s actions. D. President Lincoln wanted to abolish the Bill of Right
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A. Wartime emergencies led President Lincoln to expand his presidential powers.
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Which argument did President Abraham Lincoln use against the secession of the Southern States? 1.Slavery was not profitable 2.The government was a union of people and not of states. 3.The Southern States did not permit their people to vote on secession. 4.As the Commander in Chief, he had the duty to defend the United States against foreign invasion.
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2.The government was a union of people and not of states.
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Which statement best explains President Abraham Lincoln’s justification for the Civil War? 1.As an abolitionist, President Lincoln wanted to end slavery in the United States. 2.President Lincoln wanted to keep the South economically dependent on the industrial North. 3.President Lincoln’s oath of office required him to defend and preserve the Union. 4.To keep the support of Great Britain and France, President Lincoln had to try to end slavery immediately.
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3.President Lincoln’s oath of office required him to defend and preserve the Union.
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A major result of the Civil War was that the 1.economic system of the South came to dominate the United States economy 2.Federal Government’s power over the States was strengthened 3.members of Congress from Southern States gained control of the legislative branch 4.nation’s industrial development came to a standstill
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2.Federal Government’s power over the States was strengthened
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Sectional differences developed in the United States largely because 1.the Federal Government adopted a policy of neutrality 2.economic conditions and interests in each region varied 3.only northerners were represented at the Constitutional Convention 4.early Presidents favored urban areas over rural areas
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2.economic conditions and interests in each region varied
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By the 1850’s, the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord. This quotation suggests that 1.vast differences of opinion existed over the issue of States rights 2.the Federal Government had become more interested in foreign affairs than in domestic problems 3.the Constitution had no provisions for governing new territories 4.The Southern States continued to import slaves
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1.vast differences of opinion existed over the issue of States rights
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The rulings of the Supreme Court in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857), Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), and Korematsu v. United States (1944) all demonstrate that the Supreme Court has 1.continued to extend voting rights to minorities 2.protected itself from internal dissent 3.sometimes failed to protect the rights of minorities 4.often imposed restrictions on free speech during wartime
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3.sometimes failed to protect the rights of minorities
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“Compromise Enables Maine and Missouri To Enter Union” (1820) “California Admitted to Union as Free State” (1850) “Kansas-Nebraska Act Sets Up Popular Sovereignty” (1854) Which issue is reflected in these headlines? 1.enactment of protective tariffs 2.extension of slavery 3.voting rights for minorities 4.universal public education
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2.extension of slavery
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Before the Civil War, slavery expanded in the South rather than in the North because 1.the Constitution contained a clause that outlawed the importation of slaves into the Northern states 2.Congress passed a law forbidding slavery in the North 3.Northern states passed affirmative action legislation 4.geographic conditions in the South encouraged the development of large plantations
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4.geographic conditions in the South encouraged the development of large plantations
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Which phrase best completes the title for the partial outline shown below? I. Reasons for the ______________________ A. Increasing sectionalism B. Disagreements over states’ rights issues C. Breakdown of compromise D. Election of 1860 1.Start of the Revolutionary War 2.Adoption of the Bill of Rights 3.Failure of the Whiskey Rebellion 4.Secession of Southern States from the Union
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4.Secession of Southern States from the Union
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“A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.” -Abraham Lincoln, 1858 According to this quotation, Abraham Lincoln believed that 1.slavery was immoral and should be abolished immediately 2.sectional differences threatened to destroy the Union 3.the Southern states should be allowed to secede 4.to save the nation, the North should compromise with the South on slavery
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2.sectional differences threatened to destroy the Union
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The Civil War affected the northern economy by 1.causing a severe depression 2.increasing unemployment rates 3.decreasing demand for agricultural products 4.stimulating industrialization
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4.stimulating industrialization
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Which statement is best supported by the data in the table? 1.The Confederate troops lost the Civil War as a result of their higher numbers of injuries and fatalities. 2.The Union army had better generals during the Civil War. 3.The Civil War had more casualties than any other war. 4.More soldiers died from disease than from wounds.
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4.More soldiers died from disease than from wounds.
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The North’s rapid economic growth during the Civil War was stimulated by 1.the elimination of taxes on defense industries 2.a reduction in the number of immigrants 3.increased government demand for many products 4.enslaved persons filling industrial jobs
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3.increased government demand for many products
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Prior to the Civil War, abolitionists reacted to the situation described in the poster by 100 Dollars Reward 1.supporting the Underground Railroad 2.opposing the Emancipation Proclamation 3.banning freed slaves from Northern states 4.proposing a stricter fugitive slave law
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1.supporting the Underground Railroad
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What is the most accurate title for this map? Boundary of the Confederation States of America 1.Closing the Frontier 2.Results of Reconstruction 3. A Nation Divided 4.Compromise of 1850
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3. A Nation Divided
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In the 1850s, why did many runaway slaves go to Canada? 1.They feared being drafted into the Northern army. 2.The Fugitive Slave Act kept them at risk in the United States. 3.More factory jobs were available in Canada. 4.Northern abolitionists refused to help fugitive slaves.
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2.The Fugitive Slave Act kept them at risk in the United States.
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President Abraham Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction after the Civil War included (1) restoring the social conditions that existed before the war began (2) conducting trials for former Confederate leaders (3) destroying the economic and social power of the Southern planters (4) reuniting the nation as quickly as possible
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(4) reuniting the nation as quickly as possible
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After the Civil War, freedmen in the South had difficulty improving their economic condition because (1) literacy for formerly enslaved persons was prohibited (2) migration of factory workers from Northern cities had created competition for jobs (3) the federal government confiscated their 40 acre grants (4) the system of sharecropping kept them in a cycle of poverty
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(4) the system of sharecropping kept them in a cycle of poverty
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The constitutional controversy that led directly to the start of the Civil War concerned the right of states to (1) control tariff rates (2) sign treaties with foreign nations (3) redraw congressional districts (4) secede from the Union
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(4) secede from the Union
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Which group benefited most directly from the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)? (1) abolitionists (2) immigrants (3) slave owners (4) enslaved persons
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(3) slave owners
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Base your answer on the passage from the trial transcript below and on your knowledge of social studies. … MISS ANTHONY: When I was brought before your honor for trial, I hoped for a broad and liberal interpretation of the Constitution and its recent amendments, that should declare all United States citizens under its protecting aegis [shield]—that should declare equality of rights the national guarantee to all persons born or naturalized in the United States. But failing to get this justice—failing, even, to get a trial by a jury not of my peers—I ask not leniency at your hands—but rather the full rigors of the law…. Source: United States v. Susan B. Anthony, 1873 The constitutional amendments referred to in this statement were ratified to (1) end the importation of slaves (2) increase federal revenue (3) institute national Prohibition (4) provide legal rights to African Americans
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(4) provide legal rights to African Americans
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Base your answer to the question on the quotation below and on your knowledge of social studies. … With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation’s wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan—to do all which may achieve and cherish a just, and a lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations. — President Abraham Lincoln, 1865 13 This statement by President Lincoln contributed to disagreements over the (1) continuation of a military draft (2) provision of free land to settlers (3) negotiations with foreign nations after the Civil War (4) treatment of the former Confederate states and their leaders
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(4) treatment of the former Confederate states and their leaders
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After the Civil War, the sharecropping system emerged in the South primarily as a way to (1) diversify agricultural production (2) provide a labor supply to plantation owners (3) give forty acres of land to freedmen (4) guarantee economic equality for African Americans
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(2) provide a labor supply to plantation owners
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As an immediate result of the Civil War 1. women gained the right to vote. 2. secession was no longer an option open to states. 3. sectionalism disappeared from American economic and political life. 4. the South retained its pre-Civil War economic and social structure.
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2. secession was no longer an option open to states.
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A major result of the Civil War was that 1. disputes between the North and South were ended. 2. whites accepted blacks as social equals. 3. slavery was ended by an amendment to the Constitution. 4. the South lost territory to the North.
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3. slavery was ended by an amendment to the Constitution.
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Before the Civil War, the principle of popular sovereignty was proposed as a means of (1) allowing states to secede from the Union (2) permitting voters to nullify federal laws (3) deciding the legalization of slavery in a new state (4) overturning unpopular decisions of the Supreme Court
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(3) deciding the legalization of slavery in a new state
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Which statement best describes the economic differences between the North and South just prior to the Civil War? (1) The Northern economy was primarily agricultural, while the Southern economy was based on manufacturing. (2) Jobs on plantations attracted more European immigrants to the South than to the North. (3) Transportation systems were more developed in the North than in the South. (4) The Southern economy was more diversified than the Northern economy.
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(3) Transportation systems were more developed in the North than in the South.
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What was the most important advantage the North had during the Civil War? 1. unified popular support for the war effort 2.superior military leadership 3.economic aid from Great Britain and France 4. more human resources and war material
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4. more human resources and war material
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Which abolitionist is INCORRECTLY paired? 1. William Lloyd Garrison-The Liberator 2.Harriot Tubman-The Underground Railroad 3.Harriet Beecher Stowe-Uncle Tom’s Cabin 4. Frederick Douglass-Pottawatomie Creek Massacre
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4. Frederick Douglass-Pottawatomie Creek Massacre
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Which of the following caused the first southern states to secede from the Union? 1.The Wilmot Provisio 2. The Dred Scott Decision 3.The Election of Abraham Lincoln 4.John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry
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3.The Election of Abraham Lincoln
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What is the name given to those who opposed slavery? 1.Popular sovereign 2.Abolitionists 3.Nullificationists 4. Radicals
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2.Abolitionists
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Which was a significant result of the Lincoln-Douglas debates? 1.Douglas failed to be reelected Senator 2.The Missouri Compromise was repealed 3.Lincoln supported the doctrine of popular sovereignty 4.Douglas lost the support of the south for the Presidency
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4.Douglas lost the support of the south for the Presidency
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In the 1850’s Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote a novel that detailed the injustices experienced by 1. black slaves. 2. settlers in Kansas 3. the Plains Indians. 4.children in the textile mills.
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1. black slaves.
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The abolitionist movement had the support of all of the following EXCEPT 1.William Lloyd Garrison 2.New England religious leaders 3. Harriet Beecher Stowe 4.Secessionists
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4.Secessionists
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Which of the following was a goal of the Republican Party in the years prior to the Civil War? 1.Abolish Slavery 2.Promote Slavery 3. Ignore the issue of slavery 4.Prohibit the extension of slavery
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4.Prohibit the extension of slavery
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In the mid-1800’s, which issue was regarded as a violation of Christian principles by many Americans? 1.slavery 2.public executions 3.established churches 4. universal manhood suffrage
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1.slavery
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The controversy over Federal power versus States’ rights was basic cause of the 1.Revolutionary War 2.Civil War 3.Spanish-American War 4.Korean War
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2.Civil War
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The territorial expansion of the United States before the Civil War became a matter for furious political debate because 1.Northerners were opposed to any expansion 2.the South would not send troops to acquire free territory. 3.additional states would tend to upset the sectional balance in the Senate. 4. no new territory would be admitted until the Texas controversy was settled.
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3.additional states would tend to upset the sectional balance in the Senate.
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All of the following accurately depict Southern attitudes EXCEPT they 1.believed that individual states could nullify Federal laws. 2.insisted that states entered the Union freely and could leave freely if they chose. 3.agreed with the Supreme Court decision in the Dred Scott case 4.refused to accept fugitive slave laws.
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4.refused to accept fugitive slave laws.
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Which was the first state to secede from the Union 1.Mississippi 2. Georgia 3.Virginia 4.South Carolina
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4.South Carolina
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What advantage did the North LACK in fighting the Civil War? 1.Population 2. Industry 3.Financial resources 4.Defensive strategy
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4.Defensive strategy
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Which of the following was an advantage the Confederacy had over the Union 1.Better generals initially 2. A larger population 3. Numerous manufacturing plants 4.Powerful foreign allies
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1.Better generals initially
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What was Sherman’s strategy of total war in his march through Georgia? 1.To find and destroy Lee’s army 2.To fire on civilians as well as soldiers 3.To disrupt the blockade 4.To destroy troops, fields, and factories
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4.To destroy troops, fields, and factories
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Lincoln described the Civil War as a struggle to preserve a nation that was dedicated to the proposition that “all men are created equal” and that was ruled by a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people” in the 1. Constitution 2.Gettysburg Address 3.Emancipation Proclamation 4.Virginia and Kentucky Resolution
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2.Gettysburg Address
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Which is NOT an accurate statement concerning Robert E. Lee? 1.He was a Virginian who won victories over the Union Forces at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. 2. He supported and encouraged the South’s decision to secede from the Union. 3.He was the Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. 4. He urged the South to accept defeat and reunite with the North after Appomattox.
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2. He supported and encouraged the South’s decision to secede from the Union.
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What was Grant’s strategy for winning the war? 1.Enlist African Americans in the army 2.Decisively defeat Lee in a major battle 3. Wear down Lee’s army with his greater resources of troops and supplies.
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3. Wear down Lee’s army with his greater resources of troops and supplies.
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Lee’s surrender to Grant took place at 1.Antietam 2. Vicksburg 3.Gettysburg 4.Appomattox
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4.Appomattox

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