Lifespan: Chapter 12

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identity vs. identity
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Erickson’s view that adolescence is the period where teenagers seek to determine what is unique and distinctive about themselves; \”trying on different roles\” -those who are successful set a course that provides foundation for future psychosocial development and develop an accurate sense of who they are -those who fail go off course and may adopt socially unacceptable roles as a way of expressing what they do NOT want to be or have issues forming and keeping relationships
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psychological moratorium
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period during which adolescents take time off from the upcoming responsibilities of adulthood and explore various roles and possibilities
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James Marcia
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did not think that Erickson was specific enough regarding identity vs. identity stage & took it a step further with 4 categories of adolescent identity
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identity achievement
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adolescents that commit to a particular identity following a period of crisis (ex: alcohol); they got over the bump in the road and became successful
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identity foreclosure
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adolescents who prematurely commit to an identity without adequately exploring alternatives; grew up in neighborhood where everyone was a lawyer, doctor, nurse, cop, etc. so they’re going to be one of those jobs; their job was decided for them – most at risk for mid-life crisis
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identity in moratorium
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adolescents who haven’t committed themselves \”will grow up when they grow up\”
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identity diffusion
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adolescents that have a million possibilities, but cannot commit to one; flighty-they shift from one thing to the next – ex: may finish college w/ degree but still don’t know what to do
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reference groups
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groups of people we compare ourselves to; present a set of norms/standards against which adolescents can judge their abilities & social success
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cliques
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groups of 2 to 12 ppl whose members have frequent social interactions w/ one another
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crowds
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groups of more than 12 ppl that have similar characteristics but may not interact w/ one another (ex: \”jocks\” & \”nerds\”)
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popular adolescents
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children who are mostly liked
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controversial adolescents
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children who are liked by some peers & disliked by other
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rejected adolescents
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children who are actively disliked and whose peers may react to them in an obviously negative manner
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neglected adolescents
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children who receive relatively little attention from their peers in the form of either positive or negative interactions; overlooked by almost everyone
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bridge issues
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issues from adolescence to adulthood (ex: food dysregulation disorders, chemical addiction, gambling addiction, sex addiction, emotional problems= all begins w/ loneliness)

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