Last test – Flashcard

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Founder of psychoanalysis
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Sigmund Freud
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French physician who started a movement towards treating mentally ill patients more humanely
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Philip Pinnel
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Type of therapy that involves talking things out with a professional is called
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psychotherapy
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Main goal of ____ therapies is to give people better understanding of their feelings & actions
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insight
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Type of therapies aimed at changing disordered behavior are called
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insight
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An ________ therapist would help a client change his/her maladaptive behavior
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action
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__________ is a type of insight-oriented therapy
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psychoanalysis
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____________ is a key component of Freud’s theory of psychotherapy
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dream interpretation
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According to Freud, the storyline content of your dreams are called ______ content
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manifest
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In interpreting a dream, a psychoanalyst would attempt to uncover the ______ content
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latent
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Client’s tendency to transfer his/her feelings onto the therapist is called
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transference
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When a client starts to block the forward movement of therapy, Freud called this
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resistance
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Humanistic therapy emphasizes personal choice and _______
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free will
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Carl Rogers believed most personal troubles were the result of mismatch between ideal self &
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real self
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Warmth & respect without conditions attached is called
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unconditional positive regard
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Gestalt therapy was developed based on the work of
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Fritz Perls
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A good candidate for humanistic therapy may be someone who is looking to change
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occupations
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__________ therapy is based on various learning principles.
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behavior
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Behavior therapy often works based upon __________ modification.
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behavior
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Relaxing clients in the presence of a feared object or situation is __________ desensitization
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systematic
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_______ therapy pairs an undesirable behavior with and aversive stimulus.
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aversion
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Systematic desensitization works best on people who have anxiety and/or __________
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phobias
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echniques like flooding & systematic desensitization are known as _____ therapies/techniques
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exposure
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Process of learning through observation and imitation of others is
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modeling
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When a therapist models a specific learning technique to a client
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participant modeling
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_______ strengthens a response by following it with a pleasurable consequence.
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positive reinforcement
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______ strengthens a response by removing an unpleasant stimulus
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negative reinforcement
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Involves awarding tokens for good behavior which can be traded for desired items.
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token economy
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A formal agreement regarding rules of behavior and consequences of not following them
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contingency contract
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Removal of reinforcer to reduce the frequency of a behavior.
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extinction
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Beck’s cognitive therapy is most effective at treating
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depression
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Taking responsibility for many things, even though you are not responsible for the problems
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personalization
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When one focuses on only one negative aspect while ignoring the positive aspects (Aaron Beck)
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selective thinking
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Draws sweeping conclusions that your worst nightmare will come true & interfere with your life
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magnification
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A therapist who tries to change client’s irrational thoughts and increase coping mechanisms
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cognitive behavioral
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Type of therapy in which clients meet regularly in a group setting to discuss problems
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group
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Medication, electroconvulsive shock therapy and psychosurgery are all types of
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biomedical therapy
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Alcoholics Anonymous is a well-known __________
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self help group
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Hallucinations, delusions and bizarre, erratic behavior can be treated with
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antipsychotic drugs
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Traditional antianxiety drugs or minor tranquilizers are called
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benzodizepines
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became famous for demanding that the mentally ill be treated with kindness, personally unlocking the chains of inmates in France
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Philip Pinnel
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Therapy for mental disorders in which a person with a problem talks with a psychological professional
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psychotherapy
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Therapy for mental disorders in which a person with a problem is treated with biological or medical methods to relieve symptoms -Drugs -Surgeries -Electric shock treatments -Noninvasive stimulation techniques
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biomedical therapy
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small electrical currents are send to brain areas which cause mini strokes
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electric shock treatments
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Transcranial magnetic stimulation for depression
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non invasive stimulation techniques
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very rare and controversial
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surgeries
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Freudian technique in which a patient is encouraged to talk about anything that comes to mind without fear of negative evaluations
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free association
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actively giving interpretations of a client’s statements in therapy, even suggesting certain behavior or actions
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directive
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a newer and more general term for therapies based on psychoanalysis
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psychodynamic therapy
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form of therapy for depression which incorporates multiple approaches and focuses on interpersonal problems
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interpersonal therapy (IPT)
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a nondirective insight therapy in which the client does all the talking and the therapist listens
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person-centered therapy
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therapeutic style in which the therapist remains relatively neutral and does not interpret or take direct actions with regard to the client, instead remaining a calm, nonjudgmental listener while the client talks
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non directive therapy
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the ability of the therapist to understand the feelings of the client
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empathy
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the therapist restates what the client says rather than interpreting those statements
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reflection
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To reduce ambivalence about change §To increase intrinsic motivation to bring that change about -Four principles: •Express empathy •Develop discrepancy between client’s present behaviors, values •Roll with resistance •Support the client’s self-efficacy
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motivational interviewing
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Form of directive insight therapy in which the therapist helps clients accept all parts of their feelings and subjective experiences, using leading questions and planned experiences such as role-playing
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gestalt therapy
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technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is rapidly and intensely exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object and prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response
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flooding
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the strengthening of a response by following it with a pleasurable consequence or the removal of an unpleasant stimulus
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reinforcement
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action therapy in which the goal is to help clients overcome problems by learning to think more rationally and logically •Three goals: 1.Relieve the symptoms and solve the problems. 2.Help develop strategies for solving future problems. 3.Help change irrational, distorted thinking.
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cognitive behavioral therapy
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Advantages: -low cost -exposure to other people with similar problems; social interaction with others -social and emotional support from people with similar disorders or problems
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group therapy
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In interpreting a dream, a psychoanalyst would attempt to uncover the ______ content
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latent

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