Kaplan GRE

BILK
to cheat; defraud

NOMINAL
existing in name only; negligible

BLIGHT
to afflict; destroy

BLITHE
joyful, cheerful, or without appropriate thought

NUANCE
a subtle expression of meaning or quality

FERVID
intensely emotional; feverish

SPECIOUS
deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious

SOLECISM
grammatical mistake; blunder in speech

JETTISON
to discard; get rid of as unnecessary or encumbering

LAMENT
to express sorrow; to grieve

GULLIBLE
easily deceived

FLORID
excessively decorated or embellished

FANATICAL
acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme unquestioned devotion

EPHEMERAL
lasting a short time

SEDITION
behavior that promotes rebellion or civil disorder against the state

GLIB
fluent in an insincere manner; offhand; casual

ABDICATE
to give up a position, right, or power

IRASCIBLE
easily made angry

FLAG
to decline in vigor, strength, or interest

FETID
foul-smelling; putrid

GLOWER
to glare or stare angrily and intensely

MONASTIC
extremely plain or secluded

PEDANT
someone who shows off learning

PATHOGENIC
causing disease

CHAUVINIST
someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he/she belongs

GUILE
deceit; trickery

SOBRIQUET
nickname

NASCENT
starting to develop; coming into existence

BELFRY
bell tower; room in which a bell is hung

BANAL
predictable; cliched; boring

CRESCENDO
steadily increasing in volume or force

FRUGALITY
tending to be thrifty or cheap

CORROBORATE
to support with evidence

AUSTERE
severe or stern in appearance; undecorated

LUMINOUS
bright; brilliant; glowing

GROVEL
to humble oneself in a demeaning way

SANGUINE
ruddy; cheerfully optimistic

STRATAGEM
trick designed to deceive an enemy

EMULATE
to copy; to try to equal or excel

HEGEMONY
the domination of one state or group over its allies

EXPURGATE
to censor

PARLEY
discussion, usually b/w enemies

FECUND
fertile; fruitful; productive

DISSEMBLE
to present a false appearance; to disguise one’s real intentions or character

SPORTIVE
frolicsome; playful

VERDANT
green with vegetation; inexperienced

INIQUITY
sin; evil act

CONDONE
to overlook, pardon, or disregard

FALLOW
dormant; unused

OROTUND
pompous

DOGMATIC
dictatorial in one’s opinions

TAWDRY
gaudy, cheap, or showy

SULLY
to tarnish; taint

VERNAL
related to spring; fresh

DROLL
amusing in a wry, subtle way

FURTIVE
secret, stealthy

CIRCUMSPECT
cautious; aware of potential consequences

MALINGER
to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill

ELOQUENT
persuasive and moving, especially in speech

RETICENT
silent; reserved

AUDACIOUS
fearless and daring

DIATRIBE
an abusive, condemnatory speech

SARDONIC
cynical; scornfully mocking

ASSUAGE
to make something unpleasant less severe

DESICCATE
to dry out thoroughly

LAMPOON
to ridicule with satire

SURFEIT
excessive amount

GRIEVOUS
causing grief or sorrow; serious and distressing

FRENETIC
frantic; frenzied

INGENUOUS
showing innocence or childlike simplicity

LAPIDARY
relating to precious stones or the art of cutting them

ZEAL
passion; excitement

INEXORABLE
inflexible; unyielding

MISANTHROPE
a person who dislikes others

ABYSS
an extremely deep hole

PRAGMATIC
practical, as opposed to idealistic

MISSIVE
a written note or letter

NETTLE
to irritate

ABSTAIN
to choose not to do something

SYCOPHANT
a self-serving flatterer; yes-man

LACHRYMOSE
tearful

PASTICHE
piece of literature or music imitating other works

FORD
to cross a body of water by wading

CONTRITE
deeply sorrowful or repentant for a wrong

PULCHRITUDE
beauty

ENUMERATE
to count, list, or itemize

NAIVE
lacking sophistication or experience

JUNCTURE
point of time, especially where two things are joined

CANARD
a lie

GREGARIOUS
outgoing; sociable

WINSOME
charming; happily engaging

VACILLATE
to physically sway or be indecisive

ITINERANT
wandering from place to place; unsettled

SACROSANCT
extremely sacred; beyond criticism

DIURNAL
existing during the day

TACITURN
silent; not talkative

ENDEMIC
belonging to a particular area; inherent

TOADY
one who flatters in the hope of gaining favors

NEOLOGISM
new word or expression

SUPPLANT
to replace (another) by force; to take the place of

DYSPEPTIC
suffering from indigestion; gloomy and irritable

DOCTRINAIRE
rigidly devoted to theories without regard for practicality; dogmatic

GESTATION
growth process from conception to birth

EFFICACY
effectiveness

TALON
claw of an animal, especially a bird of prey

TERRESTRIAL
earthly; down-to-earth; commonplace

NEOPHYTE
novice; beginner

ENGENDER
to produce, cause, or bring about

DEFACE
to mar the appearance of; vandalize

OBSTINATE
stubborn; unyielding

LARGESS
generous giving (as of money) to others who may seem inferior

EDIFY
to instruct morally and spiritually

VENERATE
to respect deeply

STENTORIAN
extremely loud

HYPERBOLE
purposeful exaggeration for effect

PLETHORA
excess

OSTENSIBLE
apparent

MALLEABLE
capable of being shaped

OSTENTATION
excessive showiness

WAVER
to fluctuate b/w choices

DIRGE
a funeral hymn or mournful speech

OPAQUE
impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light

DECORUM
appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety

PLACATE
to soothe or pacify

PLASTIC
able to be molded, altered, or bent

OSSIFY
to change into bone; to become hardened or set in a rigidly conventional pattern

TIRADE
long, harsh speech or verbal attack

SERAPHIC
angelic; sweet

LANGUID
lacking energy; indifferent; slow

ARBITRATE
to judge a dispute b/w two opposing parties

SCINTILLA
trace amount

MAR
to damage or deface; spoil

VENERABLE
respected because of age

GAMBOL
to dance or skip around playfully

VERACITY
filled with truth and accuracy

VERBOSE
wordy

VEX
to annoy; irritate; puzzle; confuse

CONTUMACIOUS
rebellious

MULTIFARIOUS
diverse

ETHOS
beliefs or character of a group

REPAST
meal or mealtime

REPLETE
abundantly supplied; complete

JARGON
nonsensical talk; specialized language

FATUOUS
stupid; foolishly self-satisfied

KINDLE
to set fire to or ignite; excite or inspire

EBULLIENT
exhilarated; full of enthusiasm and high spirits

GARRULOUS
tending to talk a lot

INTREPID
fearless; resolutely courageous

FAWN
to grovel

ZEALOT
someone passionately devoted to a cause

CANDID
impartial and honest in speech

SYBARITE
a person devoted to pleasure and luxury

PRISTINE
fresh and clean; uncorrupted

MOLLIFY
to calm or make less severe

PHILANTHROPY
charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness

STOLID
unemotional; lacking sensitivity

PECCADILLO
minor sin or offense

VESTIGE
a trace; remnant

FORTUITOUS
happening by chance; fortunate

POTENTATE
monarch or ruler with great power

SYNCOPATION
temporary irregularity in musical rhythm

AUGUST
dignified; grandiose

PARADOX
a contradiction or dilemma

PERMEATE
to penetrate

PERVADE
to be present throughout; to permeate

ECLECTIC
selecting from or made up from a variety of sources

CACOPHONY
harsh, jarring noise

KUDOS
fame, glory, or honor

AMALGAMATE
to combine; to mix together

BURNISH
to polish

USURY
the practice of lending money at exorbitant rates

DOGMA
a firmly held opinion, especially a religious belief

BIFURCATE
to divide into two parts

CURMUDGEON
cranky person, usually old

EPICURE
person with refined taste in food and wine

SURLY
rude and bad-tempered

TANGENTIAL
digressing; diverting

IGNOBLE
having low moral standards; not noble in character; mean

MIRTH
frivolity; gaiety; laughter

IMPERTURBABLE
not capable of being disturbed

AMELIORATE
to make better; to improve

LAUD
to give praise; to glorify

ANACHRONISM
something out of place in time

SOPORIFIC
causing sleep or lethargy

ANOMALY
deviation from what is normal

DISTEND
to swell, inflate, or bloat

IMPASSE
blocked path; dilemma with no solution

ANTAGONIZE
to annoy or provoke to anger

ESCHEW
to shun; to avoid (as something wrong or distasteful)

EXIGENT
urgent; requiring immediate action

CATALYST
something that brings about a change in something else

DIVINE
to foretell or know by inspiration

IDIOSYNCRASY
peculiarity of temperament; eccentricity

EXCULPATE
to clear from blame; prove innocent

DUPE
to deceive; a person who is easily deceived

CHAOS
great disorder or confused situation

EUPHONY
pleasant, harmonious sound

CONNOISSEUR
a person with expert knowledge or discriminating tastes

LARCENY
theft of property

EUPHEMISM
use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one

LASSITUDE
a state of diminished energy

JOCULAR
playful; humorous

APATHY
lack of interest or emotion

ARBITRARY
determined by chance or impulse

METICULOUS
extremely careful; fastidious; painstaking

ENERVATE
to reduce in strength

RUSTIC
rural

DILATE
to make larger; expand

XENOPHOBIA
a fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers

ZEPHYR
a gentle breeze; something airy or insubstantial

NOISOME
stinking; putrid

METAPHOR
figure of speech comparing two different things

ELEGY
a sorrowful poem or speech

PROFLIGATE
corrupt; degenerate

CALUMNY
a false and malicious accusation; misrepresentation

SAGACIOUS
shrewd; wise

PROPITIATE
to conciliate; to appease

HAPLESS
unfortunate; having bad luck

PALATIAL
relating to a palace; magnificent

GARNER
to gather and store

POLYGLOT
a speaker of many languages

LUCID
clear and easily understood

EMBELLISH
to add ornamental or fictitious details

PUNGENT
sharp and irritating to the senses

ABERRANT
deviating from what is normal or expected

BOMBASTIC
pompous in speech and manner

BOLSTER
to support; prop up

BEVY
group

VISCOUS
thick and adhesive, like a slow-flowing fluid

GRADATION
process occurring by regular degrees or stages; variation in color

MORES
fixed customs or manners; moral attitudes

VOLATILE
easily arouse or changeable; lively or explosive

ADVOCATE
to speak in favor of

MITIGATE
to soften; to lessen

ALLEVIATE
to make more bearable

PARRY
to ward off or deflect, especially by a quick-witted answer

TACIT
done without using words

MONOTONY
no variation; tediously the same

MOLT
to shed hair, skin, or an outer layer periodically

ACME
highest point; summit; the highest level or degree attainable

ADULTERATE
to make impure

SLAKE
to calm down or moderate

FRACTIOUS
unruly; rebellious

ENCOMIUM
warm praise

INVECTIVE
abusive language

SALUBRIOUS
healthful

EFFIGY
stuffed doll; likeness of a person

ARCHAIC
ancient; old-fashioned

SENTIENT
aware; conscious; able to perceive

DISTAFF
the female branch of a family

SINECURE
a well-paying job or office that requires little or no work

PUSILLANIMOUS
cowardly; without courage

DEFERENCE
respect; courtesy

ARTICULATE
able to speak clearly and expressively

SATIATE
to satisfy fully or overindulge

REPOSE
relaxation; leisure

REPUDIATE
to reject the validity of

REQUITE
to return or repay

PUERILE
childish, immature, or silly

INTRACTABLE
not easily managed or manipulated

PARIAH
an outcast

POSIT
to assume as real or conceded; propose as an explanation

PALLIATE
to make less serious; ease

ESOTERIC
known or understood only by a few

PROPRIETY
the quality of behaving in a proper manner; obeying rules and customs

PROLIFERATE
to increase in number quickly

INTERREGNUM
period between reigns

PRODIGAL
lavish; wasteful

MILITATE
to operate against; work against

MYOPIC
lacking foresight; having a narrow view or lang-range perspective

ENIGMA
a puzzle; a mystery

AMBIGUOUS
doubtful or uncertain; can be interpreted several ways

DICTUM
authoritative statement

OVERWROUGHT
agitated; overdone

ABATE
to reduce in amount, degree, or severity

ERRATIC
wandering and unpredictable

INUNDATE
to overwhelm; to cover with water

HOMOGENEOUS
of a similar kind

SUBLIME
lofty or grand

INNOCUOUS
harmless

IMPLACABLE
unable to be calmed down or made peaceful

STIGMA
a mark of shame or discredit

IMPETUOUS
quick to act without thinking

HETEROGENEOUS
composed of unlike parts; different; diverse

CAPRICIOUS
changing one’s mind quickly and often

EULOGY
speech in praise of someone

LOQUACIOUS
talkative

LETHARGIC
acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner

DISSONANCE
a harsh and disagreeable combination, especially of sounds

SYMBIOSIS
cooperation; mutual helpfulness

FORESTALL
to prevent or delay; anticipate

SPARTAN
highly self-disciplined; frugal; austere

EFFRONTERY
impudent boldness; audacity

AXIOM
premise; postulate; self-evident truth

EXACERBATE
to make worse

EXONERATE
to clear of blame

PUGILISM
boxing

CHICANERY
deception by means of craft or guile

DITHER
to act confusedly or without clear purpose

PROBITY
complete honesty and integriity

NADIR
lowest point

ESTIMABLE
admirable

PRUDENCE
wisdom, caution, restraint

CARTOGRAPHY
science or art of making maps

EXPLICIT
clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression

STASIS
a state of static balance or equilibrium; stagnation

FOMENT
to arouse or incite

VARIEGATED
varied; marked with different colors

INGRATE
ungrateful person

VICISSITUDE
a change or variation; ups and downs

VIM
vitality and energy

VITUPERATE
to abuse verbally; berate

VOLUBLE
talkative; speaking easily; glib

WAN
sickly pale

WANTON
undisciplined; unrestrained; reckless

ABJURE
to reject; abandon formally

ABASE
to humble; disgrace

ACIDULOUS
sour in taste or manner

ALACRITY
speed or quickness

TOME
book, usually large and academic

QUERULOUS
inclined to complain; irritable

QUIESCENT
motionless

PEREGRINATE
to wander from place to place; to travel, especially on foot

DESULTORY
jumping from one thing to another; disconnected

AMORTIZE
to diminish by installment payments

PERFIDIOUS
willing to betray one’s trust

QUIXOTIC
overly idealistic; impractical

PERFUNCTORY
done in a routine way; indifferent

AMULET
ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits

QUOTIDIAN
occurring daily; commonplace

DIAPHANOUS
allowing light to show through; delicate

TORPOR
extreme mental and physical sluggishness

TRANSITORY
temporary; lasting a brief time

PROCLIVITY
a natural inclination or predisposition

ANALGESIA
a lessening or pain without loss of consciousness

ABSCOND
to leave secretly

ANALOGOUS
similar or alike in some way; equivalent to

ANODYNE
something that calms or soothes pain

ANTIPATHY
extreme dislike

TRENCHANT
acute, sharp, or incisive; forceful; effective

APOCRYPHAL
of questionable authority or authenticity

APOSTATE
one who renounces a religious faith

ABSTEMIOUS
moderate in appetite

APPROBATION
approval and praise

TURGID
swollen as from a fluid; bloated

ACCRETION
a growth in size; an increase in amount

AERIE
a nest built high in the air; an elevated, often secluded, dwelling

TYRO
beginner; novice

UMBRAGE
offense; resentment

ARDOR
intense and passionate feeling

ARROGATE
to claim without justification; to claim for oneself without right

ASSAIL
to attack; assault

UNCONSCIONABLE
unscrupulous; shockingly unfair or unjust

UNEQUIVOCAL
absolute; certain

UPBRAID
to scold sharply

HERMETIC
tightly sealed

HOARY
very old; whitish or gray from age

AESTHETIC
concerning the appreciation of beauty

ATTENUATE
to reduce in force or degree; weaken

AUGURY
prophecy; prediction of events

AFFECTED
phony; artificial

AGGRANDIZE
to increase in power, influence, and reputation

DECLIVITY
downward slope

HUSBAND
to manage economically; to use sparingly

EQUIVOCATE
to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead

DECOROUS
proper; tasteful; socially correct

DELETERIOUS
subtly or unexpectedly harmful

DEMAGOGUE
a leader or rabble-rouser, usually appealing to emotion or prejudice

DEMUR
to express doubts or objection

RACONTEUR
witty, skillful storyteller

ERSATZ
fake

ERUDITE
learned; scholarly; bookish

PEJORATIVE
having bad connotations; disparaging

PENURY
an oppressive lack of resource (as money); severe poverty

DERIDE
to speak of or treat with contempt; to mock

RAREFY
to make thinner or sparser

REDRESS
relief from wrong or injury

REJOINDER
response

DIFFIDENT
lacking self-confidence

DILATORY
intended to delay

EXPONENT
one who champions or advocates

PERIPATETIC
wandering from place to place, especially on foot

NUMISMATICS
coin collecting

PERSPICACIOUS
shrewd, astute, or keen-witted

OBDURATE
hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion

DILETTANTE
someone with an amateurish or superficial interest in a topic

RESTIVE
impatient, uneasy, or restless

PHALANX
a compact or close-knit body of people, animals, or things

DISABUSE
to set right; free from error

DISCERN
to perceive or recognize

PHILISTINE
a person who is guided by materialism and is disdainful of intellectual or artistic values

DISPARATE
fundamentally different; entirely unalike

JINGOISM
belligerent support of one’s country

INQUEST
an investigation; an inquiry

KEEN
having a sharp edge; intellectually sharp; perceptive

LATENT
potential that is not readily apparent

INCULCATE
to teach; impress in the mind

OBLIQUE
indirect or evasive; misleading or devious

LAVISH
extremely generous or extravagant; giving unsparingly

OBSEQUIOUS
overly submissive and eager to please

KINETIC
relating to motion; characterized by movement

LEERY
suspicious

OBVIATE
to prevent; to make unnecessary

LEGERDEMAIN
trickery

KNELL
sound of a funeral bell; omen of death or failure

LEVITY
an inappropriate lack of seriousness; overly casual

OCCLUDE
to stop up; prevent the passage of

OFFICIOUS
too helpful; meddlesome

LIBERAL
tolerant or broad-minded; generous or lavish

LACONIC
using few words

INIMICAL
hostile; unfriendly

INCHOATE
not fully formed; disorganized

ONEROUS
troublesome and oppressive; burdensome

OPINE
to express an opinion

PHLEGMATIC
calm and unemotional in temperament

LIBERTINE
a free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint

PITHY
profound or substantial yet concise succinct, and to the point

LICENTIOUS
immoral; unrestrained by society

PLEBEIAN
crude or coarse; characteristic of commoners

LIMPID
clear; transparent

PLUCKY
courageous; spunky

LIONIZE
to treat as a celebrity

LISSOME
easily flexed; limber; agile

POLEMIC
controversy; argument; verbal attack

OPPROBRIUM
public disgrace

LISTLESS
lacking energy and enthusiasm

POLITIC
shrewd and practical in managing or dealing with things; diplomatic

RHETORIC
effective writing or speaking

LIVID
discolored from a bruise; reddened with anger

LUGUBRIOUS
sorrowful; mournful; dismal

LUMBER
to move slowly and awkwardly

MACHINATION
plot or scheme

CLOYING
sickly sweet; excessive

RIBALD
humorous in a vulgar way

ROCOCO
very highly ornamented

IMPUGN
to call into question; to attack verbally

COALESCE
to grow together to form a single whole

COFFER
strongbox; large chest for money

COGENT
convincing and well-reasoned

WHIMSICAL
lightly acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable

WILY
clever; deceptive

COLLUSION
collaboration; complicity; conspiracy

WIZENED
shriveled; withered; wrinkled

WRAITH
a ghost or specter; a ghost of a living person seen just before his/her death

YOKE
to join together

ZENITH
the point of culmination; peak

ICONOCLAST
one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions

CONVOLUTED
intricate and complicated

COSSET
to pamper; treat with great care

COTERIE
an intimate group of persons with a similar purpose

CREDULOUS
too trusting; gullible

CRAVEN
lacking courage

CUPIDITY
greed; strong desire

DEBUTANTE
young woman making debut in high society

SALIENT
prominent; of notable significance

PRATTLE
meaningless; foolish talk

PRECIPITATE
to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation

PRECIS
short summary of facts

JUDICIOUS
sensible; showing good judgement

INTRANSIGENT
uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled

INSIPID
lacking interest or flavor

INVIDIOUS
envious, obnoxious, or offensive; likely to promote ill-will

INVESTITURE
ceremony conferring authority

INURE
to harden; accustom become used to

IMPRECATION
a curse

PALLID
lacking color or liveliness

PANACHE
flamboyance or dash in style and action; verve

ABEYANCE
temporary suppression or suspension

PANEGYRIC
elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise

CASTIGATE
to punish or criticize harshly

PANOPLY
impressive array

BONHOMIE
good-natured geniality; atmosphere of good cheer

PARAGON
model of excellence or perfection

BOOR
crude person, one lacking manners or taste

BURGEON
to grow and flourish

MAELSTROM
whirlpool; turmoil; agitated state of mind

MAGNATE
powerful or influential person

MALEDICTION
a curse; a wish of evil upon another

MANNERED
artificial or stilted in character

MARTINET
strict disciplinarian; one who rigidly follows rules

CATHOLIC
universal; broad and comprehensive

PARE
to trim off excess; reduce

CAUSTIC
biting in wit

CABAL
a secret group seeking to overturn something

MAUDLIN
overly sentimental

MENDACIOUS
dishonest

MENDICANT
beggar

MERCURIAL
quick, shrewd, and unpredictable

MERETRICIOUS
gaudy; falsely attractive

INGRATIATE
to gain favor with another by deliberate effort; to seek to please somebody so as to gain an advantage

INSURRECTION
rebellion

PRESCIENT
having foresight

PREVARICATE
to lie or deviate from the truth

INTER
to bury

IMBUE
to infuse, dye, wet, or moisten

IMPECUNIOUS
poor; having no money

IMPERVIOUS
impossible to penetrate

IMPIOUS
not devout in religion

INCARNADINE
blood-red in color

INDOLENT
habitually lazy or idle