K12 World History Unit 1 quizzes

question

When did Homo sapiens first appear?
answer

200,000 B.C.
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Which method for determining the age of artifacts measures the rate of decay in atoms in volcanic rock?
answer

potassium-argon dating
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What caused prehistoric people to drastically change the way they lived?
answer

All of the above
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What did improved farming techniques lead to?
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division of labor
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Which best defines history?
answer

study of the human past and the story of change over time
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Which kind of scholar studies objects left behind by humans?
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archaeologist
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What does the out of Africa theory maintain?
answer

Modern humans originated in Africa and migrated to other parts of the world.
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Which of these characteristics is not true of early hunter-gatherers?
answer

They traded extensively with other communities.
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What was the Neolithic Revolution?
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a time when humans turned from hunting and gathering to farming
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What happened as a result of humans settling down into agricultural villages?
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Social roles and work definition began to change.
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Which letter indicates the region known as the Fertile Crescent?
answer

B
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Why did a division of labor occur when people started to produce a surplus of food?
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People were left with time to do other jobs.
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Which was one result of the domestication of animals?
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new kinds of food and clothing became possible
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Which describes a characteristic of civilization?
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trade and economic activity
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Where did Sumerian priests make offerings to the Sumerian gods and goddesses?
answer

ziggurats
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What effect did the invention of writing have in the ancient world?
answer

Information and culture spread to new places.
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The invention of bronze in ancient Sumer was so significant because it __________.
answer

improved agriculture and gave rulers more power
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Which is a reason Sumer declined as a civilization?
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Sumerian rulers fought to gain territory.
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When the flooding waters of the Nile receded, what did they leave behind?
answer

rich, black soil
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Why did the Egyptians mummify their dead?
answer

to preserve the bodies for use in the afterlife
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Who united Upper and Lower Egypt?
answer

Menes Narmer
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What did scholars study to help them decipher hieroglyphics?
answer

Rosetta Stone
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How were scholars able to translate hieroglyphic symbols?
answer

By comparing a message written in both hieroglyphics and Greek, scholars were able to translate the hieroglyphic symbols.
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Which was a first step in the development of civilizations in both the Egyptian and Mesopotamian societies?
answer

development of irrigation
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Which river is associated with the settlement of ancient Egypt?
answer

Nile
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Who was the most powerful person in Egyptian society and government?
answer

the pharaoh
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Why did the Egyptians mummify their dead?
answer

to preserve the bodies for use in the afterlife
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What is the Rosetta Stone?
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a carved stone that helped decode hieroglyphics
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What was the purpose of the Book of the Dead?
answer

to help people in their passage to the afterlife
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Which best describes the Indus Valley civilization?
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organizing cities well
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From where did the soil in the Indus Valley receive its rich silt?
answer

Indus River
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Which is one current theory on the reason for the decline of the Indus Valley civilization?
answer

flooding
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Why don’t we have more information about the Indus Valley civilization?
answer

Archaeologists and historians have been unable to decipher the Indus Valley writing.
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Which was a result of the physical geography of ancient China?
answer

isolation from other early civilizations
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Why did the Yellow River flood so frequently?
answer

The river carried enormous amounts of silt.
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What is a dynasty?
answer

a ruling family that remains in power for many years
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Which legendary dynasty was started by Yu?
answer

Xia
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On what did Shang priests write questions for the gods?
answer

bones
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Which New Kingdom pharaoh outlawed the worship of many gods and established a new religion with one, all-powerful god?
answer

Amenhotep IV
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How were many of the New Kingdom pharaohs able to undertake such enormous building projects?
answer

They used slave labor and the wealth they gained from tribute and trade.
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Which is the best definition for empire?
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an area or political unit in which formerly independent states are under the control of one ruler
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Which was the most common method empire builders used to unite vast territories?
answer

military conquest
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How did Sargon raise money to pay his army and buy the loyalty of his supporters?
answer

by controlling trade routes and taxing merchants
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What was the significance of the Code of Hammurabi?
answer

The laws were displayed throughout the empire for all to see.
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Why did the Hittites and others migrate from central Asia to Mesopotamia?
answer

They needed more land for growing populations.
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Which best shows how Egypt became an empire?
answer

A
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Which pharaoh undertook enormous building projects, including Abu Simbel?
answer

Ramses II
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Which pharaoh demanded that his people practice a new religion with one, new, all-powerful god?
answer

Amenhotep IV
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What did an abundant supply of slaves and the wealth from tribute, plunder, and trade allow Egyptian pharaohs and other rulers to do?
answer

build huge monuments and temples and develop infrastructure
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Which group of people conquered Egypt’s New Kingdom, partly to protect the Egyptian cities and culture they admired?
answer

Kushites
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How did Darius of Persia maintain control over his empire?
answer

He divided it into provinces and assigned satraps to govern them.
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Which empire builder used tolerance to help maintain control over his empire?
answer

Cyrus
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Why did the Persian Empire decline in power?
answer

Fights for the royal throne broke out and governors stopped following orders.
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Which statement about Persian culture is true?
answer

The Persians adopted whatever they found useful from other cultures.
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Which were achievements of the Chaldean Empire?
answer

Hanging Gardens of Babylon; Ishtar Gate; precise observations of the stars
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In which way were the Assyrian and Persian empires alike?
answer

They were both divided into provinces and had systems of communication.

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