Jonathan Swift – Flashcards

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burlesque
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a mockery by exaggerated literary imitation
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digression
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a turning aside from the main point
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exclusive
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limiting use to a single group or individual; single, whole
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misanthrope
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a person who hates or distrusts all people
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rational
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having reason, based on reasoning
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Swift's satire that tells of three brothers' coats is _____.
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A Tale of a Tub (1704)
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Swift was a(n)_____.
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ordained Anglican clergyman
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Swift showed his Irish patriotism by writing about _____.
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starvation and the devaluation of coins in Ireland
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Swift wrote for the _____.
answer
tories
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Swift approved of powerful political groups _____.
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He sought to persuade men to be responsible and reasonable.
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There is such a large (and increasing) number of the poor that anyone who can find a workable solution should be honored.
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[2] I think it is agreed by all parties that this prodigious number of children in the arms, or on the backs, or at the heels of their mothers, and frequently of their fathers, is in the present deplorable state of the kingdom [IRELAND] a very great additional grievance; and, therefore, whoever could find out a fair, cheap, and easy method of making these children sound, useful members of the commonwealth, would deserve so well of the public as to have his statue set up for a preserver of the nation.
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my plan to reduce money spend on abortions and the shame
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[5] There is likewise another great advantage in my scheme, that it will prevent those voluntary abortions, and that horrid practice of women murdering their bastard children, alas! too frequent among us! sacrificing the poor innocent babes I doubt more to avoid the expense than the shame, which would move tears and pity in the most savage and inhuman breast.
question
12 y/o children cannot be sold for enough money tomake a profit (compared to the cost of raising them to that age)
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[7] I am assured by our merchants, that a boy or a girl before twelve years old is no salable commodity; and even when they come to this age they will not yield above three pounds, or three pounds and half-a-crown at most on the exchange; which cannot turn to account either to the parents or kingdom, the charge of nutriment and rags having been at least four times that value.
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it's sad to see poor families begging in the streets
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paragraph 1 It is a melancholy object to those who walk through this great town or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads, and cabin doors, crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags and importuning every passenger for an alms. These mothers, instead of being able to work for their honest livelihood, are forced to employ all their time in strolling to beg sustenance for their helpless infants: who as they grow up either turn thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native country to fight for the Pretender in Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbadoes.
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A newborn child does not cost much to raise for the first year. My plan will affect those over that age; they will not only no longer be a financial burden but will actually contribute to the needs of the family.
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[4] As to my own part, having turned my thoughts for many years upon this important subject, and maturely weighed the several schemes of other projectors, I have always found them grossly mistaken in the computation. It is true, a child just dropped from its dam may be supported by her milk for a solar year, with little other nourishment; at most not above the value of 2s.2, which the mother may certainly get, or the value in scraps, by her lawful occupation of begging; and it is exactly at one year old that I propose to provide for them in such a manner as instead of being a charge upon their parents or the parish, or wanting food and raiment for the rest of their lives, they shall on the contrary contribute to the feeding, and partly to the clothing, of many thousands.
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My calculations show that my plan needs to affect only 120,000 children whose needs are not being met by current methods.
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[6] The number of souls in this kingdom being usually reckoned one million and a half, of these I calculate there may be about two hundred thousand couple whose wives are breeders; from which number I subtract thirty thousand couples who are able to maintain their own children, although I apprehend there cannot be so many, under the present distresses of the kingdom; but this being granted, there will remain an hundred and seventy thousand breeders. I again subtract fifty thousand for those women who miscarry, or whose children die by accident or disease within the year. There only remains one hundred and twenty thousand children of poor parents annually born. The question therefore is, how this number shall be reared and provided for, which, as I have already said, under the present situation of affairs, is utterly impossible by all the methods hitherto proposed. For we can neither employ them in handicraft or agriculture; we neither build houses (I mean in the country) nor cultivate land: they can very seldom pick up a livelihood by stealing, till they arrive at six years old, except where they are of towardly3 parts, although I confess they learn the rudiments much earlier, during which time, they can however be properly looked upon only as probationers, as I have been informed by a principal gentleman in the county of Cavan,4 who protested to me that he never knew above one or two instances under the age of six, even in a part of the kingdom so renowned for the quickest proficiency in that art.
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my solution is not just for beggar children but for all children and families that are having difficulty surviving.
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[3] But my intention is very far from being confined to provide only for the children of professed beggars; it is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of infants at a certain age who are born of parents in effect as little able to support them as those who demand our charity in the streets.
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I therefore put forth my own solution.
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[8] I shall now therefore humbly propose my own thoughts, which I hope will not be liable to the least objection.
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What is Swift's proposal?
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He proposes selling Irish children at the age of one for food for others to eat.
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Look at paragraph 10 for wording that indicates that the Irish people are being treated like animals. Find at least two examples. It is not necessary to quote the entire sentence; the pertinent word, phrase, or clause is good enough.
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"so as to render them plump and fat for a good table." and "seasoned with a little pepper or salt will be very good boiled on the fourth day,"
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Look at paragraph 14 for wording that indicates that the Irish people are being treated like animals. It is not necessary to quote the entire sentence; the pertinent word, phrase, or clause is good enough.
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"...the mother will... be fit for work till she produces another child" and "I believe no gentleman would repine to give ten shillings for the carcass of a good fat child, which... will make four dishes of excellent nutritive meat..."
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Look at paragraph 15 for wording that indicates that the Irish people are being treated like animals. It is not necessary to quote the entire sentence; the pertinent word, phrase, or clause is good enough.
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"...the skin of which artificially dressed will make admirable gloves for ladies, and summer boots..."
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Look at paragraph 16 for wording that indicates that the Irish people are being treated like animals. Find at least two examples. It is not necessary to quote the entire sentence; the pertinent word, phrase, or clause is good enough.
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"I rather recommend buying the children alive, and dressing them hot from the knife, as we do roasting pigs."
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In paragraph 12, Swift writes a very sarcastic line describing why the landlords have the "best title to the children." Quote the description that follows the word landlords.
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as they have already devoured most of the parents
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Paragraph 17 discusses a solution proposed by someone else that Swift rejects as too cruel. That proposal is for teenage children to be
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hunted instead of the deer
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Swift enumerated six advantages for his proposal.
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[21] For first, as I have already observed, it would greatly lessen the number of papists, with whom we are yearly overrun, being the principal breeders of the nation as well as our most dangerous enemies; and who stay at home on purpose with a design to deliver the kingdom to the Pretender, hoping to take their advantage by the absence of so many good protestants, who have chosen rather to leave their country than stay at home and pay tithes against their conscience to an episcopal curate. [22] Secondly, The poorer tenants will have something valuable of their own, which by law may be made liable to distress and help to pay their landlord's rent, their corn and cattle being already seized, and money a thing unknown. [23] Thirdly, Whereas the maintenance of an hundred thousand children, from two years old and upward, cannot be computed at less than ten shillings a-piece per annum, the nation's stock will be thereby increased fifty thousand pounds per annum, beside the profit of a new dish introduced to the tables of all gentlemen of fortune in the kingdom who have any refinement in taste. And the money will circulate among ourselves, the goods being entirely of our own growth and manufacture. [24] Fourthly, The constant breeders, beside the gain of eight shillings sterling per annum by the sale of their children, will be rid of the charge of maintaining them after the first year. [25] Fifthly, This food would likewise bring great custom to taverns; where the vintners10 will certainly be so prudent as to procure the best receipts for dressing it to perfection, and consequently have their houses frequented by all the fine gentlemen, who justly value themselves upon their knowledge in good eating: and a skilful cook, who understands how to oblige his guests, will contrive to make it as expensive as they please. [26] Sixthly, This would be a great inducement to marriage, which all wise nations have either encouraged by rewards or enforced by laws and penalties. It would increase the care and tenderness of mothers toward their children, when they were sure of a settlement for life to the poor babes, provided in some sort by the public, to their annual profit instead of expense. We should see an honest emulation11 among the married women, which of them could bring the fattest child to the market. Men would become as fond of their wives during the time of their pregnancy as they are now of their mares in foal, their cows in calf, their sows when they are ready to farrow12; nor offer to beat or kick them (as is too frequent a practice) for fear of a miscarriage.
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The tenants will have some cash to pay rents with. More marriages, healthier children, and better treatment of wives by husbands will be encouraged. Ireland will have more cash (and a new food) to use for itself. Tavern owners' business will increase with more variety of food to serve. Families will not have the expense of caring for children after the age of one. The Roman Catholic population will be reduced. **Put the advantages into the order Swift used.**
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(2)The tenants will have some cash to pay rents with. (6)More marriages, healthier children, and better treatment of wives by husbands will be encouraged. (3)Ireland will have more cash (and a new food) to use for itself. (5)Tavern owners' business will increase with more variety of food to serve. (4)Families will not have the expense of caring for children after the age of one. (1) The Roman Catholic population will be reduced.
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Explain how the following quotes are ironic or bitterly sarcastic. "...child, which roasted whole, will make a considerable figure at a lord mayor's feast or at any other public entertainment." "...the charge of nursing a beggar's child...to be about two shillings per annum, rags included..."
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In paragraph 27, Swift once more indicates that the Irish are being treated like animals when his advantages compare the children to .
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beef and pork
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Swift indicates that the worst conditions are in .
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probably the farms?
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In paragraph 29, Swift writes "I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth." How does Swift use bitter satire here—what does he really mean? The conditions he is describing are made up; never happened. The solution will not work for other countries. The Irish have been treated in a way no other people on earth have ever been treated. none of the above
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b (gotta check)
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In paragraph 31, Swift writes, "...although perhaps I could name a country, which would be glad to eat up our whole country without it [salt]." He is referring to .
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england
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Swift writes that he will not gain from his proposal because: _____. he is rich already he has no children he owns no land in Ireland he has no young children his wife is too old to have more children his family no longer lives in Ireland
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can think of no one objection, that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it should be urged, that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom. This I freely own, and 'twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients13: Of taxing our absentees14 at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture15: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: Of curing the expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: Of introducing a vein of parsimony16, prudence and temperance: Of learning to love our country, wherein we differ even from Laplanders, and the inhabitants of Topinamboo17: Of quitting our animosities and factions, nor acting any longer like the Jews, who were murdering one another at the very moment their city was taken: Of being a little cautious not to sell our country and consciences for nothing: Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only our native goods, would immediately unite to cheat and exact upon us in the price, the measure, and the goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it.
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In paragraph 32, Swift suggests that those who have other solutions should consider two points. The first is _____.
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The second solution must address the incredible poverty of the majority of the Irish population, whose misery is so great that they would "think it a great Happiness to have been sold for Food at a Year old."
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Swift also proposed five real solutions.
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[29] I can think of no one objection, that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it should be urged, that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom. This I freely own, and 'twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients13: Of taxing our absentees14 at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture15: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: Of curing the expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: Of introducing a vein of parsimony16, prudence and temperance: Of learning to love our country, wherein we differ even from Laplanders, and the inhabitants of Topinamboo17: Of quitting our animosities and factions, nor acting any longer like the Jews, who were murdering one another at the very moment their city was taken: Of being a little cautious not to sell our country and consciences for nothing: Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only our native goods, would immediately unite to cheat and exact upon us in the price, the measure, and the goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it.
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taxing absentee landlords reducing the attitude of wastefulness reducing the desire in Europe for luxuries at Ireland's expense reducing British women's desire for luxuries at Ireland's expense allowing Ireland to purchase its own goods, not British ****Arrange these real solutions in the order in which Swift presented them.******
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(1) taxing absentee landlords (2)reducing the attitude of wastefulness (3)reducing the desire in Europe for luxuries at Ireland's expense (4)reducing British women's desire for luxuries at Ireland's expense (5)allowing Ireland to purchase its own goods, not British
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Arrange these final five real solutions in the order given in the essay. reducing regional disagreements encouraging patriotism learning not to sell their country and consciences teaching shopkeepers to be honest teaching landlords to have some mercy towards their tenants
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(2)reducing regional disagreements (1)encouraging patriotism (3)learning not to sell their country and consciences (5)teaching shopkeepers to be honest (4)teaching landlords to have some mercy towards their tenants
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Swift summarizes his solutions by asking for a "glympse" of _______ that something will be done.
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hope
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Write a paragraph (at least seven sentences long) giving your perspective on the effectiveness of Swift's "A Modest Proposal." Does he make his point well or not? Are you convinced? If so, give a few examples of how he convinces you. If not, give a few examples as to why not.
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from sparknotes "The full title of Swift's pamphlet is "A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People from Being a Burthen to their Parents, or the Country, and for Making them Beneficial to the Publick." The tract is an ironically conceived attempt to "find out a fair, cheap, and easy Method" for converting the starving children of Ireland into "sound and useful members of the Commonwealth." Across the country poor children, predominantly Catholics, are living in squalor because their families are too poor to keep them fed and clothed. The author argues, by hard-edged economic reasoning as well as from a self-righteous moral stance, for a way to turn this problem into its own solution. His proposal, in effect, is to fatten up these undernourished children and feed them to Ireland's rich land-owners. Children of the poor could be sold into a meat market at the age of one, he argues, thus combating overpopulation and unemployment, sparing families the expense of child-bearing while providing them with a little extra income, improving the culinary experience of the wealthy, and contributing to the overall economic well-being of the nation. The author offers statistical support for his assertions and gives specific data about the number of children to be sold, their weight and price, and the projected consumption patterns. He suggests some recipes for preparing this delicious new meat, and he feels sure that innovative cooks will be quick to generate more. He also anticipates that the practice of selling and eating children will have positive effects on family morality: husbands will treat their wives with more respect, and parents will value their children in ways hitherto unknown. His conclusion is that the implementation of this project will do more to solve Ireland's complex social, political, and economic problems than any other measure that has been proposed." Swift's "A Modest Proposal" is a pamphlet written ironically on how to attempt to find a cheap and easy solution to convert starving children of Ireland into "sound and useful members of the Commonwealth." His solution, is to fatten up the malnourished children and feed them to the high class landlords of Ireland and for poor children to be sold at the age of one into the meat market. This will fight overpopulation of poor Catholics, and unemployment. I think Swift's point was made effectively because as satirical his piece was, he pointed out key issues on why the Irish people were starving. 1) Mothers were having too many children that they couldn't support. 2) Children were growing up to become just like this. 3) Not enough jobs for the mass amount of unemployed people were available. 4) Husbands didn't respect their wives which lead to poor parenting and another poor and starving generation.
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question
burlesque
answer
a mockery by exaggerated literary imitation
question
digression
answer
a turning aside from the main point
question
exclusive
answer
limiting use to a single group or individual; single, whole
question
misanthrope
answer
a person who hates or distrusts all people
question
rational
answer
having reason, based on reasoning
question
Swift's satire that tells of three brothers' coats is _____.
answer
A Tale of a Tub (1704)
question
Swift was a(n)_____.
answer
ordained Anglican clergyman
question
Swift showed his Irish patriotism by writing about _____.
answer
starvation and the devaluation of coins in Ireland
question
Swift wrote for the _____.
answer
tories
question
Swift approved of powerful political groups _____.
answer
He sought to persuade men to be responsible and reasonable.
question
There is such a large (and increasing) number of the poor that anyone who can find a workable solution should be honored.
answer
[2] I think it is agreed by all parties that this prodigious number of children in the arms, or on the backs, or at the heels of their mothers, and frequently of their fathers, is in the present deplorable state of the kingdom [IRELAND] a very great additional grievance; and, therefore, whoever could find out a fair, cheap, and easy method of making these children sound, useful members of the commonwealth, would deserve so well of the public as to have his statue set up for a preserver of the nation.
question
my plan to reduce money spend on abortions and the shame
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[5] There is likewise another great advantage in my scheme, that it will prevent those voluntary abortions, and that horrid practice of women murdering their bastard children, alas! too frequent among us! sacrificing the poor innocent babes I doubt more to avoid the expense than the shame, which would move tears and pity in the most savage and inhuman breast.
question
12 y/o children cannot be sold for enough money tomake a profit (compared to the cost of raising them to that age)
answer
[7] I am assured by our merchants, that a boy or a girl before twelve years old is no salable commodity; and even when they come to this age they will not yield above three pounds, or three pounds and half-a-crown at most on the exchange; which cannot turn to account either to the parents or kingdom, the charge of nutriment and rags having been at least four times that value.
question
it's sad to see poor families begging in the streets
answer
paragraph 1 It is a melancholy object to those who walk through this great town or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads, and cabin doors, crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags and importuning every passenger for an alms. These mothers, instead of being able to work for their honest livelihood, are forced to employ all their time in strolling to beg sustenance for their helpless infants: who as they grow up either turn thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native country to fight for the Pretender in Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbadoes.
question
A newborn child does not cost much to raise for the first year. My plan will affect those over that age; they will not only no longer be a financial burden but will actually contribute to the needs of the family.
answer
[4] As to my own part, having turned my thoughts for many years upon this important subject, and maturely weighed the several schemes of other projectors, I have always found them grossly mistaken in the computation. It is true, a child just dropped from its dam may be supported by her milk for a solar year, with little other nourishment; at most not above the value of 2s.2, which the mother may certainly get, or the value in scraps, by her lawful occupation of begging; and it is exactly at one year old that I propose to provide for them in such a manner as instead of being a charge upon their parents or the parish, or wanting food and raiment for the rest of their lives, they shall on the contrary contribute to the feeding, and partly to the clothing, of many thousands.
question
My calculations show that my plan needs to affect only 120,000 children whose needs are not being met by current methods.
answer
[6] The number of souls in this kingdom being usually reckoned one million and a half, of these I calculate there may be about two hundred thousand couple whose wives are breeders; from which number I subtract thirty thousand couples who are able to maintain their own children, although I apprehend there cannot be so many, under the present distresses of the kingdom; but this being granted, there will remain an hundred and seventy thousand breeders. I again subtract fifty thousand for those women who miscarry, or whose children die by accident or disease within the year. There only remains one hundred and twenty thousand children of poor parents annually born. The question therefore is, how this number shall be reared and provided for, which, as I have already said, under the present situation of affairs, is utterly impossible by all the methods hitherto proposed. For we can neither employ them in handicraft or agriculture; we neither build houses (I mean in the country) nor cultivate land: they can very seldom pick up a livelihood by stealing, till they arrive at six years old, except where they are of towardly3 parts, although I confess they learn the rudiments much earlier, during which time, they can however be properly looked upon only as probationers, as I have been informed by a principal gentleman in the county of Cavan,4 who protested to me that he never knew above one or two instances under the age of six, even in a part of the kingdom so renowned for the quickest proficiency in that art.
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my solution is not just for beggar children but for all children and families that are having difficulty surviving.
answer
[3] But my intention is very far from being confined to provide only for the children of professed beggars; it is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of infants at a certain age who are born of parents in effect as little able to support them as those who demand our charity in the streets.
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I therefore put forth my own solution.
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[8] I shall now therefore humbly propose my own thoughts, which I hope will not be liable to the least objection.
question
What is Swift's proposal?
answer
He proposes selling Irish children at the age of one for food for others to eat.
question
Look at paragraph 10 for wording that indicates that the Irish people are being treated like animals. Find at least two examples. It is not necessary to quote the entire sentence; the pertinent word, phrase, or clause is good enough.
answer
"so as to render them plump and fat for a good table." and "seasoned with a little pepper or salt will be very good boiled on the fourth day,"
question
Look at paragraph 14 for wording that indicates that the Irish people are being treated like animals. It is not necessary to quote the entire sentence; the pertinent word, phrase, or clause is good enough.
answer
"...the mother will... be fit for work till she produces another child" and "I believe no gentleman would repine to give ten shillings for the carcass of a good fat child, which... will make four dishes of excellent nutritive meat..."
question
Look at paragraph 15 for wording that indicates that the Irish people are being treated like animals. It is not necessary to quote the entire sentence; the pertinent word, phrase, or clause is good enough.
answer
"...the skin of which artificially dressed will make admirable gloves for ladies, and summer boots..."
question
Look at paragraph 16 for wording that indicates that the Irish people are being treated like animals. Find at least two examples. It is not necessary to quote the entire sentence; the pertinent word, phrase, or clause is good enough.
answer
"I rather recommend buying the children alive, and dressing them hot from the knife, as we do roasting pigs."
question
In paragraph 12, Swift writes a very sarcastic line describing why the landlords have the "best title to the children." Quote the description that follows the word landlords.
answer
as they have already devoured most of the parents
question
Paragraph 17 discusses a solution proposed by someone else that Swift rejects as too cruel. That proposal is for teenage children to be
answer
hunted instead of the deer
question
Swift enumerated six advantages for his proposal.
answer
[21] For first, as I have already observed, it would greatly lessen the number of papists, with whom we are yearly overrun, being the principal breeders of the nation as well as our most dangerous enemies; and who stay at home on purpose with a design to deliver the kingdom to the Pretender, hoping to take their advantage by the absence of so many good protestants, who have chosen rather to leave their country than stay at home and pay tithes against their conscience to an episcopal curate. [22] Secondly, The poorer tenants will have something valuable of their own, which by law may be made liable to distress and help to pay their landlord's rent, their corn and cattle being already seized, and money a thing unknown. [23] Thirdly, Whereas the maintenance of an hundred thousand children, from two years old and upward, cannot be computed at less than ten shillings a-piece per annum, the nation's stock will be thereby increased fifty thousand pounds per annum, beside the profit of a new dish introduced to the tables of all gentlemen of fortune in the kingdom who have any refinement in taste. And the money will circulate among ourselves, the goods being entirely of our own growth and manufacture. [24] Fourthly, The constant breeders, beside the gain of eight shillings sterling per annum by the sale of their children, will be rid of the charge of maintaining them after the first year. [25] Fifthly, This food would likewise bring great custom to taverns; where the vintners10 will certainly be so prudent as to procure the best receipts for dressing it to perfection, and consequently have their houses frequented by all the fine gentlemen, who justly value themselves upon their knowledge in good eating: and a skilful cook, who understands how to oblige his guests, will contrive to make it as expensive as they please. [26] Sixthly, This would be a great inducement to marriage, which all wise nations have either encouraged by rewards or enforced by laws and penalties. It would increase the care and tenderness of mothers toward their children, when they were sure of a settlement for life to the poor babes, provided in some sort by the public, to their annual profit instead of expense. We should see an honest emulation11 among the married women, which of them could bring the fattest child to the market. Men would become as fond of their wives during the time of their pregnancy as they are now of their mares in foal, their cows in calf, their sows when they are ready to farrow12; nor offer to beat or kick them (as is too frequent a practice) for fear of a miscarriage.
question
The tenants will have some cash to pay rents with. More marriages, healthier children, and better treatment of wives by husbands will be encouraged. Ireland will have more cash (and a new food) to use for itself. Tavern owners' business will increase with more variety of food to serve. Families will not have the expense of caring for children after the age of one. The Roman Catholic population will be reduced. **Put the advantages into the order Swift used.**
answer
(2)The tenants will have some cash to pay rents with. (6)More marriages, healthier children, and better treatment of wives by husbands will be encouraged. (3)Ireland will have more cash (and a new food) to use for itself. (5)Tavern owners' business will increase with more variety of food to serve. (4)Families will not have the expense of caring for children after the age of one. (1) The Roman Catholic population will be reduced.
question
Explain how the following quotes are ironic or bitterly sarcastic. "...child, which roasted whole, will make a considerable figure at a lord mayor's feast or at any other public entertainment." "...the charge of nursing a beggar's child...to be about two shillings per annum, rags included..."
answer
question
In paragraph 27, Swift once more indicates that the Irish are being treated like animals when his advantages compare the children to .
answer
beef and pork
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Swift indicates that the worst conditions are in .
answer
probably the farms?
question
In paragraph 29, Swift writes "I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth." How does Swift use bitter satire here—what does he really mean? The conditions he is describing are made up; never happened. The solution will not work for other countries. The Irish have been treated in a way no other people on earth have ever been treated. none of the above
answer
b (gotta check)
question
In paragraph 31, Swift writes, "...although perhaps I could name a country, which would be glad to eat up our whole country without it [salt]." He is referring to .
answer
england
question
Swift writes that he will not gain from his proposal because: _____. he is rich already he has no children he owns no land in Ireland he has no young children his wife is too old to have more children his family no longer lives in Ireland
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can think of no one objection, that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it should be urged, that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom. This I freely own, and 'twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients13: Of taxing our absentees14 at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture15: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: Of curing the expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: Of introducing a vein of parsimony16, prudence and temperance: Of learning to love our country, wherein we differ even from Laplanders, and the inhabitants of Topinamboo17: Of quitting our animosities and factions, nor acting any longer like the Jews, who were murdering one another at the very moment their city was taken: Of being a little cautious not to sell our country and consciences for nothing: Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only our native goods, would immediately unite to cheat and exact upon us in the price, the measure, and the goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it.
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In paragraph 32, Swift suggests that those who have other solutions should consider two points. The first is _____.
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The second solution must address the incredible poverty of the majority of the Irish population, whose misery is so great that they would "think it a great Happiness to have been sold for Food at a Year old."
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Swift also proposed five real solutions.
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[29] I can think of no one objection, that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it should be urged, that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom. This I freely own, and 'twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients13: Of taxing our absentees14 at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture15: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: Of curing the expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: Of introducing a vein of parsimony16, prudence and temperance: Of learning to love our country, wherein we differ even from Laplanders, and the inhabitants of Topinamboo17: Of quitting our animosities and factions, nor acting any longer like the Jews, who were murdering one another at the very moment their city was taken: Of being a little cautious not to sell our country and consciences for nothing: Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only our native goods, would immediately unite to cheat and exact upon us in the price, the measure, and the goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it.
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taxing absentee landlords reducing the attitude of wastefulness reducing the desire in Europe for luxuries at Ireland's expense reducing British women's desire for luxuries at Ireland's expense allowing Ireland to purchase its own goods, not British ****Arrange these real solutions in the order in which Swift presented them.******
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(1) taxing absentee landlords (2)reducing the attitude of wastefulness (3)reducing the desire in Europe for luxuries at Ireland's expense (4)reducing British women's desire for luxuries at Ireland's expense (5)allowing Ireland to purchase its own goods, not British
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Arrange these final five real solutions in the order given in the essay. reducing regional disagreements encouraging patriotism learning not to sell their country and consciences teaching shopkeepers to be honest teaching landlords to have some mercy towards their tenants
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(2)reducing regional disagreements (1)encouraging patriotism (3)learning not to sell their country and consciences (5)teaching shopkeepers to be honest (4)teaching landlords to have some mercy towards their tenants
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Swift summarizes his solutions by asking for a "glympse" of _______ that something will be done.
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hope
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Write a paragraph (at least seven sentences long) giving your perspective on the effectiveness of Swift's "A Modest Proposal." Does he make his point well or not? Are you convinced? If so, give a few examples of how he convinces you. If not, give a few examples as to why not.
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from sparknotes "The full title of Swift's pamphlet is "A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People from Being a Burthen to their Parents, or the Country, and for Making them Beneficial to the Publick." The tract is an ironically conceived attempt to "find out a fair, cheap, and easy Method" for converting the starving children of Ireland into "sound and useful members of the Commonwealth." Across the country poor children, predominantly Catholics, are living in squalor because their families are too poor to keep them fed and clothed. The author argues, by hard-edged economic reasoning as well as from a self-righteous moral stance, for a way to turn this problem into its own solution. His proposal, in effect, is to fatten up these undernourished children and feed them to Ireland's rich land-owners. Children of the poor could be sold into a meat market at the age of one, he argues, thus combating overpopulation and unemployment, sparing families the expense of child-bearing while providing them with a little extra income, improving the culinary experience of the wealthy, and contributing to the overall economic well-being of the nation. The author offers statistical support for his assertions and gives specific data about the number of children to be sold, their weight and price, and the projected consumption patterns. He suggests some recipes for preparing this delicious new meat, and he feels sure that innovative cooks will be quick to generate more. He also anticipates that the practice of selling and eating children will have positive effects on family morality: husbands will treat their wives with more respect, and parents will value their children in ways hitherto unknown. His conclusion is that the implementation of this project will do more to solve Ireland's complex social, political, and economic problems than any other measure that has been proposed." Swift's "A Modest Proposal" is a pamphlet written ironically on how to attempt to find a cheap and easy solution to convert starving children of Ireland into "sound and useful members of the Commonwealth." His solution, is to fatten up the malnourished children and feed them to the high class landlords of Ireland and for poor children to be sold at the age of one into the meat market. This will fight overpopulation of poor Catholics, and unemployment. I think Swift's point was made effectively because as satirical his piece was, he pointed out key issues on why the Irish people were starving. 1) Mothers were having too many children that they couldn't support. 2) Children were growing up to become just like this. 3) Not enough jobs for the mass amount of unemployed people were available. 4) Husbands didn't respect their wives which lead to poor parenting and another poor and starving generation.