Italian Unification (Important People, Places, and Terms)

question

Nationalism
answer

Having pride in one’s country
question

Etruscans
answer

Modern name given to a civilization of ancient Italy
question

Dante
answer

Father of modern Italian language
question

Il Risorgimento
answer

A liberal nationalist newspaper
question

Giuseppe Mazzini
answer

Soul of Italian unification; annoyance and agitator to the dukes and princes on the peninsula; often in exile and on the run since he wants to be democratic, where everyone votes; believes in republicanism, meaning no monarchies; part of the revolutionary society the Carbonari, a movement called the Young Italy, which was a literary movement when writers got involved.
question

Republicanism
answer

A type of government that has no monarchy, but has representatives and senators instead
question

Soul of Italian Unfication
answer

Giuseppe Mazzini
question

Young Italy
answer

Revolutionary group that Mazzini was part of; movement in which writers were involved; literary movement
question

Revolutions of 1848
answer

Austrian armies defeat Piedmont-Sardinia (led by Charles Albert) and restore old rulers
question

Piedmont-Sardinia
answer

Section of the Italian peninsula that would assume the role leadership in Italian unification; Charles Albert grants Piedmont-Sardinia a constitution and Victor Emmanuel would succeed as king
question

Count Cavour
answer

Prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia and brain of Italian unification; believed in capitalism, and wanted to improve industry, railroads, agriculture, education, and enlarge the army; doesn’t want Italian unification unless Piedmont-Sardinia is in control; doesn’t want democracy; loves everything English
question

Brain of Italian Unification
answer

Count Cavour
question

19th Century Liberal
answer

Not democracy, but middle class votes Limited monarchy Build industry Free trade
question

Crimean War
answer

Russia moved and took over Crimea; Turkey and Russia never get along; Ottoman Turks begin to crumble; Russian czar was Nicholas Romanov I; Piedmont-Sardinia joins the war; Battle of Sevastopol; Battle of Balaclava; Treaty of Paris
question

Battle of Sevastopol
answer

One of the most famous battles; a siege battle
question

Battle of Balaclava
answer

Charge of the Light Brigade; Horsemen defeat the Russian army
question

Treaty of Paris
answer

Ended the Crimean War
question

Alfred Lloyd Tennyson
answer

Author of Charge of the Light Brigade
question

Florence Nightingale
answer

British nurse who helps aid the British soldiers during the Crimean War
question

Napoleon III
answer

King of France during Austro-Sardinian War; Cavour allies with Napoleon in order to defeat Austria; France and Piedmont-Sardinia defeat Austria
question

Austro-Sardinian War
answer

Piedmont-Sardinia and France vs. Austria; Austria defeated
question

Lombardy
answer

Territory held by Austria; gained and annexed by Piedmont-Sardinia as a result of the Austro-Sardinian War
question

The Duchies
answer

Territory in which uprisings occurred, and as a result, the Duchies joined Piedmont-Sardinia
question

Two Sicilies
answer

Revolts in Southern Italy versus the despotic (powerful) rulers; Giuseppe Garibaldi led the red shirts and captured Sicily; Victor Emmanuel led an army from the south to capture Papal Sates and proceed north towards Naples.
question

Giuseppe Garibaldi
answer

The sword of Italian unification; led red shirts to help unify Italy; was a republican, chose nationalism instead; professional revolutionary fisherman, trader, guerrilla fighter, poet, rancher, teacher, idealistic person; his red shirts were his private army funded by the Piedmontese
question

Sword of Italian Unification
answer

Giuseppe Garibaldi
question

Red Shirts
answer

An army led by Garibaldi that wore the red shirts due to the fact that they were the cheapest outfit for them to wear
question

Naples
answer

Location in which Garibaldi and Emmanuel would rondevu with their armies
question

Papal States
answer

Victor Emmanuel and the PS army would annex the Papal States on their way to unifying Italy
question

Victor Emmanuel
answer

At one point was the king of Piedmont-Sardinia’ would lead an army, unify Italy, and become the eventual king over Garibaldi
question

Pope Pius IX
answer

Pope at the time when Italy was unified; pope would be given Vatican City
question

Annexation of Venetia 1866
answer

Italy joins Prussia in Seven Weeks’ War vs. Austria; Austria suffers major loss
question

Annexation of Rome 1870
answer

Franco-Prussian War causes French to leave Rome unprotected; Italian troops simply move in and occupy Rome; pope given Vatican City
question

Irredenta
answer

Territory that a nation believes belongs to them, but is currently controlled by another country
question

Trentino and Trieste
answer

Territories along the Austrian border and Adriatic Sea which Italians claim to be part of “historic” Italy; Italy joins allies in WWI; Austria loses; Italy gets the Irredenta

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member