Islam Test-Hoover

Flashcard maker : Lisa Currey
Hijrah
Mohammads migrarion to Medina
Mosque
Islamic house of worship
Quaran
Holy book of Islam
Muslim
One who has submitted to Allah
Islam
Those who submit to the will of Allah
Arabic Name for God
Allah
One of the five pillars of Islam
The Hajj
Tribal Ruler
Sheikh
City of the Kaaba
Makkah
Desert Arabs
Bedouin
Muhammad’s journey to Yathrib is called the
Hijrah
The Islamic code was the
Shari’ah
The town of Yathrib became known as the city of
Medina
The Muslim religious community is often called the
Umma
Caliph
Successor
Jihad
Striving
Sakk
Letters of credit
Umayyads
Moved Islamic capital to Damascus
Shi’a
Party of Ali
Sunni
Followers of Muhammad’s example
Sufi
Pursued life of poverty and demotion to Ala
Abbasids
Took control of Umayyads
Fatimids
Shia caliphate in North Africa
Al- Andalus
Islamic state in Spain
How did the Abbasids control their large empire
Through a strong bureaucracy
Why replaced the last of the rightly guided caliphs
Umayyads
The Umayyad dynasty was replaced by the
Abbasids
How were conquered people’s treated by the Muslim empire
The religions were tolerated, but restrictions and taxes were imposed
Who did Muslims consider \”people of the book\”
Jews and Christians
The revolt led by the party of Ali in the early Umayyad period led to
The split of Islam into two groups, the Shia and Sunni
The – accepted the Umayyads as rulers
Sunni
The Abbasid capital was
Baghdad
Independent dynasties broke way from the central authority of the Abbasid empire in all of the following except
France
What was true of the rightly guided caliphs
They based their leadership on the Koran and Muhammad’s actions
What was the Fatimid capital
Cairo
The protected people or the Jews Christians and Zoroastrians were members of which class in Muslim society
Third
What was the name of the center of learning under Abbasid rule
House of Wisdom
Calligraphy is a type of what
Handwriting
Al- Khwarizmi was a scholar whose work with al jabra contributed greatly to what field
Mathematics
In what form of art can the greatest cultural blending of the Muslim world be seen
Architecture
What encouraged Muslim leaders to support places of leaning such as the House of Wisdom
Muhammad’s emphasis on study and scholarship
Why did the Muslim way of praying lead to advances in astronomy
Muslims wanted to know the precise direction of Mecca
Which of the following was not advanced during the Muslim empire
Portraiture
What was the preferred method of Muslim scientists
Experiments in laboratory settings
What was not true of the Muslim class system
All Muslims were considered first class citizens
How did Muslim scholars help preserve European cultures
By translating works of Aristotle and Plato
Was appointed by the Byzantine emperor
Patriarch
Justinian like earlier roman emperors ruled as an
Autocrat
A place to store water
Cistern
The beautiful church of holy wisdom in Constantinople
Hagia Sophia
Powerful wife of Justinian and a shrew politician
Theadora
After this the pope and patriarch excommunicated each other
Schism
Dispute over these divided the church in Byzantine empire and Western Europe
Icons
Led by – Byzantine armies re conquered North Africa Italy and southern Spain
Belisarious
The body of laws was popularly known as Justinian Code
Corpus Juris Civilis
A constructive device permitting the placing of a circular dome over a square room or an elliptical dome over a rectangular room
Pendentive
Of all Justinians works his is best remembered for
His code of laws
Greek influence on Byzantine culture was most evident in its
Language
Byzantine civilization takes its name from
The original Greek settlement
The Byzantine empire collapsed partly due to
War
Under the Ottomans Constantinople became
Istanbul
The – armies finally destroyed the Byzantine empire in 1453
Turkish
The major conflicts between the eastern church and western church included all of the following except
Infant baptism
Unlike Roman Catholics Byzantine clergy practiced
Marriage
During the 8th century dispute of icons, who supported the icons
The pope
Which of the following wasn’t true of Theodora
She advised him to flee during a riot in Constantinople
Price of Moscow who led the Russians to freedom from Mongols
Ivan 3
The Rus
Varangians
Russia’s 1st important city
Novgorod
Created a legal code for Kiev that emphasized and protected property and commerce
Yaroslav the Wise
1st member of Kieven nobility to convert to Christianity
Princess Olga
Founded Kiev on the Dnipier river
Oleg
Was given title of grand prince by Mongols and became most powerful of Russian princes
Ivan 1
Novgorods prince and military hero
Alexander Nevsky
Came from forested region around Black Sea
Slavs
Russian version of Caesar
Czar
Kiev became the religious and cultural center of Russia during the rule of
Yaroslav the wise
What actions of princess Olga reflected Byzantine influences in Kiev
She converted to Orthodox Christianity
How did Mongol rule effect Russia’s relations with Western Europe
It isolated russia from the west
The major religion in Russia since the 10th century has been
Orthodox
What was one influence of Mongol rule on the history of Russia
Russian leaders adopted the idea of strong centralized control of their empire
Justinian 1 and Yaroslav the Wise both created
Effective legal codes
Russia achieved liberation from Mongol rule after
The Russian and Mongol armies refused to fight and both sides went home
Marriage was used as a political tool by
Yaroslav the Wise and Ivan 3
Russian culture was strongly influenced by
The creation of the Cyrillic alphabet
The combination of church and the state influenced the rule of the following
Vladimirs rule
What was the Mongol empire in Russia called
Khanate of the Golden Horde
Which of the following titles did Ivan 3 use
Czar
Under Mongol rule which of the following happened to Moscow
Moscow grew in wealth and power
Which of the following statements best describes the style of leadership that emerged in Russia
Autocratic
Which of the following cities became the capital of Russia under the Czars
Moscow
Abbasids
Lost to persian empire and city of Baghdad in 945
Seljuks
1st Turkish group to capture Baghdad from Persians in 1055
Mamelukes
Turkish children raised as slaves to fight as warriors
Vizier
A Persian prime minister
Malik Shah
The greatest of the Seljuck sultans
Sultan
King
Saladin
Famous Kurdish crusader who recaptured Jerusalem
Janissary Corps
A fierce and loyal army of Ottoman Turks
Sulieman 1
Under his leadership Ottoman Turks reached height of their power
Battle of Ain Jalut
Prevented Mongol conquest
All of the following were factors in the Abbasids acquiring Turkish Slaves except
They were able to read Arabic
The effects of the Seljuck Turks ties with the Persians included all of the following except
The collapse of Islam
What was the religious affiliation of the Seljucks
Islam
The Turks adopted – as their langue of culture
Persian
Seljuck rulers were called
Shahs

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