Please enter something

Introduction To Veterinary Technology Exam Questions

question

True or False? Classical ethologists proposed that most animal behavior was instinctive.
answer

True
question

The survival value of certain types of behavior is often referred to as its . . .
answer

Function
question

Who is considered the foremost expert on the mechanism of operant conditioning?
answer

B. F. Skinner
question

Breifly describe Pavlov’s famous experiment in classical conditioning.
answer

Pavlov discovered that dogs automatically began to salivate at the sight of food. If he always rang a bell when he offered food, the dogs began slowly to associate the unrelated stimulus with food. In time, the sound of the bell would cause the dogs to salivate. Pavlov thereby concluded that the dogs had actually learned to associate an unrelated stimulus with food.
question

True or False? Behaviorism emphasizes the importance of genetics in shaping bahavior.
answer

False
question

The first age period for a puppy to learn fear that will affect it for the rest of its life is . . . .
answer

8 to 10 weeks
question

The best techniques for house breaking involve use of . . . . .
answer

positive reinforcement
question

The critical socialization period for felines occurs between . . . .
answer

2 and 8 weeks
question

Multiple-cat households should have . . .
answer

at least as many litter boxes as cats
question

Puppies and kittens learn to interact with their own species during . . . . .
answer

the critical period
question

Inherited or geneticalaly coded responses to environmental stimuli are also called . . . .
answer

instincts
question

For positive reinforcement to be effective, the pleasent event must occur within _____ seconds of the behavior.
answer

20
question

Aggression that an animal learns to avoid an uncomfortable stimulus is called ______ aggression.
answer

conflict-related
question

A dog that exhibits destructive behavior only when the owners are away is most likely suffering from . . . .
answer

separation anxiety
question

An animal that doesn’t give a warnign or threat prior to biting is most likely exhbiting . . . . .
answer

predatory aggression
question

Initial behavior modification sessions should last no more than ____ minutes.
answer

5
question

True or False? The goal of reprimanding a pet is to associate a behavior with danger or disorientation.
answer

True
question

The behavior modification technique that involves elimination of a problem behavior by completely removing the reinforcement for the behavior is . . . .
answer

extinction
question

Long-term pharmaceutical approaches to problem behavior usually involve administration of . . . . .
answer

Hormones
question

One of the best ways to correct a biting habit in birds is to use a . . . .
answer

wobble
question

The four essential aspects of successful training are . . . . .
answer

reward, reprimand, trust, and consistency
question

According to Charles Darwin, what biological mechanism allows members of the same species to respond apprpriately to various conditions in the natural world?
answer

Instinct
question

The process by which an animal becomes accustomed to it situation is referred to as . . . .
answer

habituation
question

What do we call an immediate pleasant occurence that follows a behavior?
answer

Positive reinforcement
question

Animal behavior researchers often refer to an activity associated with punishment or reward as a/an . . .
answer

operant
question

Until approximately what age does the sensitive period last among dogs?
answer

fourteen weeks
question

The most commonly reported behavior problem in cats is . . . .
answer

breaking litter box training
question

Which of the theories asserts that all animal activity is learned, rather than genetically programmed?
answer

Behaviorism
question

The most commom form of aggression seen in animal hospitals is . . . .
answer

fear-induced
question

The point of a reprimand is to ______ an animal.
answer

startle
question

Upon reaching sexual maturity, male dogs and cats may mark their territory through . . . .
answer

spraying
question

Which are considered the most effective types of reward?
answer

food and praise
question

We commonly refer to early bonding with an object or animal as . . . .
answer

imprinting
question

The mose effective way to minimize spraying is . . . .
answer

neutering
question

Automatic, or simple reflex, behavior is commonly reffered to as . . . .
answer

an unconditioned response
question

Pharmaceutical Therapy for behavior modification can cause . . . .
answer

increase blood glucose
question

Learning through trial and error is often reffered to as _________ learning.
answer

instrumental
question

Early researchers often reffered to the predictable behaviors displayed by a particular species as . . . .
answer

fixed action patterns
question

The type of behavior modification in which you would gradually expose an animal to something it’s afraid of is . . . . .
answer

desensitization
question

Biologists and veterinary specialists refer to the study of animal behavior as . . . .
answer

ethology
question

The aggression a dog shows when its owner tries to take its food bowl is called ______ aggression.
answer

conflict-related
question

In cats, the sensitive socialization period lasts until approximately _______ of age.
answer

eight weeks
question

What behavior modification technique is used to keep an animal away from an object or area?
answer

Aversion therapy
question

What must first be done before treating an animal for a behavioral problem?
answer

Determining the cause
question

What do we call the act of taking something away to increase a behavior?
answer

negative reinforcement
question

Without ______ ______ on an animal, you can’t arrive at a diagnosis.
answer

Physical examination
question

You would check the animal’s ____________ system if it is presented with a sore leg.
answer

Musculoskeletal
question

What helps the veterinarian evaluate the patient’s physical status, develop a diagnosis, and offer a prognosis?
answer

Medical History
question

If a dog presented with a cough, you would check the dog’s ________ system and its _______ system.
answer

Respiratory, Cardiovascular
question

What are components of the signalment?
answer

Breed, gender, age, and reproductive status
question

Taking a good history is a critical part of the physical examination because a good history . . .
answer

narrows the focus of testing and diagnosis
question

If the owner tells you the dogis scratching a lot, you need to check the dog’s _______ system.
answer

integumentary
question

True or False? Previous medical problems and the animal’s response to therapy should be included in the history.
answer

True
question

True or False? When interviewing a client about the animal’s medical history, ask open-ended questions.
answer

True
question

If you want to learn what a pet eats, it exposure to water, and its travel situation, you’ll take a(n) _________ history.
answer

environmental
question

Appropriate small-animal restraint techniques . . .
answer

don’t involve excessive force, and don’t hurt the animal
question

When handling a large dog for examination, it’s best to . . . . .
answer

have two people pick up the dog up, one at the front end and one at the rear quarters
question

Taking a blood sample from a small animal . . .
answer

often employs a tourniquet if the sample comes from a leg vein
question

True or False? The hind legs of a rabbit have a tremendous amount of power.
answer

True
question

True or False? When you’re carrying a cat correctly, its brestbone should be along the inside of your forearm.
answer

True
question

When restraining a bird, you must make sure not to apply pressure to its . . . .
answer

breastbone
question

In the process of approaching a horse, it’s best to . . . .
answer

whistle or talk to the horse to let it know you’re approaching
question

A veterinary technician restraining a horse for physical examination should . . . .
answer

stand on the same side of the horse as the veterinarian.
question

True or False? A bull’s nose ring is largly decorative.
answer

False
question

One good way to restrain a sheep for physical examination is to . . . . .
answer

set the animal upon its rump
question

True or False? A properly used hog snare tightens around the pig’s neck.
answer

False
question

You’re preparing a horse for a physical examination. You’re correctly employed a heart-girth tape and a rectal thermometer, observing frequency of the horse’s breathing, and written down your findings. When completing these tasks, you’ve . . . .
answer

neglected to record the horse’s heart rate.
question

You’re examinign a dog. Your tasks include . .
answer

auscultation of the heart and lungs
question

The correct method of taking an animal’s respiratory rate includes . . . .
answer

counting how many times the chest wall moves in and out
question

True or False? Both large and small domestic animals have higher normal temperatures than humans do.
answer

True
question

Your veterinarian instructs you to take a small animal’s pulse. You know that this is traditionally done . . . .
answer

on the inside of the animal’s thigh
question

Auscultation of the heart is performed in four zones. These zones correspond to the . . . . .
answer

mitral, tricuspid, aortic, and pulmonary vavles
question

Lymph nodes that are examined by palpation are . . . .
answer

popliteal, axillary, inguinal, submanibular, and prescapular
question

What are the four components of the SOAP format for medical record keeping?
answer

Subjective, objective, assesment, and procedure or plan
question

The objective section of the SOAP format would include . . . .
answer

Pulse rate, respiratory rate, temperature, weight, laboratory data, and anything else that can be precisely calibrated
question

A stack of information has fallen out of a patient’s medical record. As you return it to the file, using the standard chronological organization, you know to place the notes from September 11, 1996 . . . . .
answer

below the notes from October 27, 1997
question

The veterinary medical record is . . . .
answer

the property of the veterinarian practice or hospital
question

What is a sentence example of what you would expect to find in the assessment section of the SOAP format?
answer

“This could be caused by a virus or a bacterial infection”
question

True or False? The veterinarian performs most veterinary client education.
answer

True
question

What is true of veterinary client education?
answer

It’s crucial for an animal to receive proper postoperative care
question

A veterinary technician who chooses a topic and requests trainign to learn how to educate clients about it is . . . . .
answer

becoming a more valuable employee
question

When does the client education process occur?
answer

Throughout the animal’s examination and treatment
question

A large St. Bernard enters the veterinarian’s office for a routine physical examination. You, as the veterinary technician, must greet the animal and take it to the exam room. As you approach the animal, what is the first step you should take to gain its confidence?
answer

Crouch down to its level, and extend the back of your hand for the dog to sniff.
question

When taking a cat’s pulse, you determine that its heart beats 37 times in 15 seconds. What is the correct heart rate?
answer

148 beats per minute (37 beats x 4 = 148 beats per minute)
question

To restrain cattle one at a time for examination of the head, you would use a . . . .
answer

squeeze chute
question

The subjective information entered into the animal’s medical chart using the SOAP format could include what information?
answer

The reason the animal is being presented to the veterinary clinic and observations of the animal and its condition that can’t be quantified. Example: loose stool
question

An instrument used to inspect the ear canal of an animal for signs of disease of foregn objectsis known as a/an . . . . .
answer

otoscope
question

A Rottweiler is brought into the veterinarian’s office for a routine physical examination. The veterinarian is running behind and asks you to perform the physical examination while he’s with another patient. Your examination progresses to auscultation of the heart. What are the four parameters you need to pay attention to during this portion of the exam?
answer

Heart sounds, heart rhythm, heart rate, and pulse deficits
question

What is an example of a nonleading question that’s most appropriate during the history-taking part of the physical examination?
answer

When does Sophie’s lameness seem to get better?
question

Part of a veterinary technician’s client education responsibilities may include . . .
answer

explaining the benefits of a nutritional regimen
question

What is animal that can be streched for restraint in the same manner aas a cat?
answer

A ferret
question

An African Grey is presented for his annual avian physical examination. You know that this animal has traveled over 20 miles to the office. When observing the bird in his carrier, you note that he’s standing on the floor of his cage which means the bird may be exhibiting signs of . . .
answer

stress
question

To note any additional problems an animal may have, you should conduct a(n) _____ when interviewing a client.
answer

body systems review
question

What activities describe Auscultation?
answer

Listening for sounds produced within the body
question

Working for a veterinarian that handles mostly farm animals, you drive out to a farm to assist with a routine physical examination onseveral small piglets. What is the best way to catch a small piglet?
answer

Grasp the piglet’s rear leg
question

What is the hardest thing about performing abdominal palpation on a small animal?
answer

Using enough force to feel organs but not tense the animal
question

You’re speaking with the owner of a small, brown Poodle, and ask the question “Where does Cocoa scratch?” This question is a part of Cocoa’s . . . .
answer

integumentary systems review
question

When restraining a dog for a jugular venipuncture, the dog’s head should be lifted so the lines of his head and neck slightly exceed a . . . .
answer

90-degree angle
question

When restraining a horse for a routine veterinary procedure, it’s appropriate for the veterinary technician to . . . . .
answer

hold the horse’s lead rope
question

During the integumentary examination of a cat, you gently pinch a good handful of skin and time how long it takes for the skin to return to its normal state. This procedure measures ________ pressure.
answer

Turgor
question

What is the best way to restrian a rabbit?
answer

Hold the scruff while supporting the hindquarters
question

The ________ tends to kick to the side, so the rear legs are often restrained during physical examination.
answer

Cow
question

The procedure section of the SOAP format describes what cosiderations?
answer

This section includes any problems that should be monitored, follow-up care instructions to the client, medications prescribed, and other recommendations.
question

What is a common indicator of a problem in an animal’s central nervous system?
answer

Seizures
question

The owner of a large bulldog brings his pet to the veterinarian for a routine physical examination. You ask the question “How often do you travel with the dog?” This question is part of the dog’s . . . . .
answer

environmental history
question

As a veterinary technician, you’re taking a dog’s respiratory rate. The dog takes 11 breaths in 30 seconds. You therefor calculate the respiratory rate to be how many respirations per minute?
answer

22 (11 breaths x 2 = 22 breaths per minute)
question

A systems history about the gastrointestinal system includes questons about . . . . .
answer

overeating
question

Always use the ____ ____ _____ to keep an animal in postion.
answer

proper animal restriant
question

What is an example of something that can cause injury in a veterinary setting?
answer

A staff member fails to recognize an animal’s signs of fear and aggression, a staff member lifts a 75 pound animal without assistance, an animal responds to the pain or discomfort of treatment
question

Veterinary professionals regard ______ restraint as the least desirable method because it can mask symptoms and interfere with diagnostic testing.
answer

chemical
question

True or False? Animals undergoing examination should be restrained with maximum force to make sure that they don’t get away.
answer

False
question

True or False? A leash is an example of manual restraint.
answer

False
question

A dog shouldn’t wear a muzzle if it . . . .
answer

shows signs of breathing problems or chest injury
question

True or False? The best way to accustom a puppy to wearing a collar is to put a training collar on the puppy and leave it there.
answer

False
question

Occulding a vein for venipuncture . . .
answer

allows sufficient blood to pool in the venipuncture site
question

True or False? Whenever possible, always be sure to approach a dog first before it has a chance to approach you.
answer

False
question

Briefly explain the steps for fashioning a muzzle our of gauze roll bandage.
answer

1. Tie a large loop in the middle of a large piece of bandage. 2. Approaching the dog from the side, slip the loop over the dog’s neck. 3. Tighten the loop and bring the gauze edges under the dog’s neck. 4. Cross the ends and pull them behind the dog’s neck. 5. Tie the ends in a half bow or slip know for quick removal.
question

Name 2 reasons for leading dogs on leashes in a veterinary office.
answer

1. To aid in restraint 2. to prevent animal-to-animal contact in the waiting room
question

What is the minimum weight of a dog requiring two people to lift it?
answer

50 pounds
question

True or False? A trainign collar is most appropriate for everyday home use.
answer

False
question

What is a type of dog restraint you would use to give a routine injection?
answer

Sitting restraint
question

True or False? You should remove a mother dog from the examination room before the treatment or examination of her puppies.
answer

True
question

For a cat that won’t stand or sit during a routine physical examination, what restraint method should be used instead?
answer

A cat should be restrained by placing one hand on its shoulders, the other hand on its hips, and pressing the cat firmly but gently down against the table.
question

True or False? A somewhat enclosed environment tends to make cats agitated and eager for escape.
answer

False
question

What is the best distracting technique for a cat undergoing jugular venipuncture?
answer

Tapping its nose
question

One of the most common cat venipuncture sites is the ______ vein, located along the front of the cat’s foreleg.
answer

cephalic
question

The loose skin on the back of a cat’s neck is known as the ______, and can be grasped to pick up a cat.
answer

scruff
question

True or False? A cat’s major defense against pain is scratching.
answer

False
question

When holding a bird, your goal is to make sure that the bird can’t ____, _____, ______, or _____ _____.
answer

fly, bite, scratch, or become injured
question

True or False? You should pick up a mouse by the very tip of its tail, where it’s least likely to hurt.
answer

False
question

True or False? Since hamsters are nocturnal and sound sleepers, the best time to pick up a hamster is during the day when it’s fast asleep.
answer

False
question

True or False? The best way to get a retractred turtle out of its shell is to rub the head opening of the shell lightly with your right index finger.
answer

False
question

Which animal is a good jumper and escape artist when handling?
answer

Gerbil
question

What animal do you need to avoid “fur slip” when handling?
answer

Chinchilla
question

What animal once it bites, it holds on when handling?
answer

Ferret
question

What animal can you injure its lungs by pressing down on its back and shoulders when handling?
answer

Guinea Pig
question

What animal can break its own spine by kicking when handling?
answer

Rabbit
question

True or False? The correct way to approach a horse is from its left side, speaking reassuringly in low tones, and carefully observing the horse’s body language.
answer

True
question

Most cattle restraint is aimed at restricting the animal’s ability to move its _______.
answer

head
question

True or False? Horses can’t see what’s directly in front of them or directly behind them.
answer

True
question

You must be careful to prevent injury when handling sheep, as they have fragile ______ _____ and thin, delicate skin.
answer

skeletal systems
question

What restraint device helps place an enclosed animal on its side?
answer

Casting rope
question

What restraint device keeps a horse’s attention on it nose?
answer

Chain shank
question

What restraint device is one of the oldest and simplest horse restraints that stimulates a horse’s nerves?
answer

Lip twitch
question

What restraint device restricts side-to-side head movement?
answer

Cross tie
question

What restraint device is a leather strap fastened around the leg to restrict movement?
answer

Hobble
question

What restraint device is large metal tongs that squeeze the nasal septum?
answer

Nose Lead
question

What restraint device is a narrow enclosure that immobolizes an animal for treatment?
answer

Stock
question

True or False? You can safely carry a chicken from its feet with its head facing the ground.
answer

True
question

True or False? Goats require very little special handling equipment because their behavior is so predictable.
answer

False
question

Flat, shieldlike pieces of plastic or plywood that direct pigs into an enclosure are known as ______.
answer

Hurdles
question

Briefly explain the steps for restraining a goat on its side.
answer

1. Position yourself alongside the goat. 2. Reach one arm over the goat’s back and one arm over the goat’s neck. 3. Grasp the legs closest to your body, lifting up. This will force the goat to its side.
question

True or False? To capture a piglet, try to grab it by its tail to immobilize the animal.
answer

False
question

Name two reasons for restrainign fowl.
answer

Fowl need to be restrained for vaccination or for blood collection purposes.
question

The least desirable method of restraint for a cat is . . . .
answer

using a tranquilizer to calm the cat.
question

What should you avoid doing before opening a bird’s cage?
answer

Turning on a exhaust fans so the bird doesn’t over heat.
question

The best place to apply a chain twitch to a horse . . .
answer

the horse’s upper lip
question

When holding a horse for examination, always stand on the . . . . .
answer

same side as the veterinarian
question

Mechanical restraint aids should be cleaned . . . .
answer

after each use
question

What is the correct and safest method of picking up a hamster?
answer

Grasp the loose skin on the back of its neck
question

What aniaml is restrained correctly by holding it by its rear legs, its head between your knees, its back between your legs, and its front legs touching the ground?
answer

a small pig recieving an injection
question

For jugular venipuncture, a dog should be restrained . . . .
answer

with it forelegs off the table
question

The fetal hold should never be used on . . . .
answer

overweight cats
question

Rubber-tipped forceps can be used to . . .
answer

transport a gerbil to another cage
question

When returning a rabbit to its cage, it’s best to position the animal . . .
answer

facing toward you so its rear legs go in first
question

You placed a slip leash and collar on a dog, carry the dog to an examinatioin table, and hold the dog in the appropriate positions for examinatioin and treatment. What restraint type have you avoided?
answer

Chemical restraint
question

A _____ is a long tubular handle with a thick retractable wire inside it.
answer

Head snare
question

The primary purpose of muzzling a dog is to . . .
answer

prevent it from biting.
question

What animal is correctly handled when you use a catching hook, approach it, wrap your arm around its body, pull it close to your side as you pick it up, and carry it under your arm?
answer

turkey
question

For minor technical procedures, sheep are best restrained by . . . .
answer

tilting them onto their rump
question

A ______ has a loop at one end tied with a slipknot and is used to help restrain a captured pig’s head.
answer

snubbing rope
question

When properly applied to a dog, the loose end of the training collar will be . . . .
answer

over the back at the top of the dog’s neck
question

To break a biting ferret’s grip, it’s best to . . . .
answer

place the ferret under running water
question

If a dog requires more restraint than you can get with a sitting position, what other restraint would you use?
answer

sternal recumbency