Intro to Visual Arts Study Guild – Flashcards

question
_____ is(are) usually necessary for someone to be able to create art from the ideas in his/her imagination.
answer
training and practice
question
Mondrian's Composition (B) En Bleu, Jaune, et Blanc (Composition in Blue, Yellow, Piet Mondrian's Composition (B) En Bleu, Jaune, et Blanc (Composition in Blue, Yellow, and White) is an example of __________.
answer
nonobjective, or nonrepresentational, painting
question
The Palace at Versailles symbolizes _____.
answer
the power of the absolute monarch
question
When someone pays an artist to create a work of art it is called _____.
answer
patronage
question
A work of art can be judged from very different points of view.
answer
True
question
The first purpose of the applied arts is to
answer
serve some useful function
question
There are no absolute guidelines for judging __________ in art.
answer
quality
question
Richard Diebenkorn's Ocean Park paintings are examples of:
answer
nonobjective paintings
question
The work, Ancestors of the Passage: A Healing Journey through the Middle Passage by __________ treats the subject of slavery and its effects on women.
answer
Imna Arroyo
question
Some artists cannot easily explain why they create art. For them, it is _____.
answer
an inner calling
question
Vera Mukhina's Machine Tractor Driver and Collective Farm Girl is an example of __________.
answer
sociopolitical content
question
Ludwig Hohlwein's poster is an example of:
answer
propaganda
question
An artist who uses abstraction as an approach is
answer
extracting the essence of the real object
question
The meaning found in art, including the subject
answer
matter and the emotions, ideas and symbols is called _____.-content
question
Idealization in art is a form of _____.
answer
realism
question
Wanting to stop art from being shown because of moral beliefs is called
answer
censorship
question
Three
answer
dimensional artworks have _____.-height, width, and depth
question
For Koreans, cloth
answer
bound bundles known as bottari are used for __________.-packing up possessions and leaving the home
question
Maya Ying Lin said she wanted her Vietnam Veterans' Memorial to be ________.
answer
honest about the reality of war
question
For Paul Klee, the act of artistic creation seemed to be a way of approaching __________.
answer
the unseen
question
The Futurists were most interested in capturing a single moment in time in a static image.
answer
False
question
The phrase point of view is used in art to indicate where the viewer is standing in relation to the figures in the artwork
answer
True
question
The shapes in Matisse's painting The Snail are called hard
answer
edged because __________.-their boundaries are clearly distinguished
question
Linear perspective is a mathematical system used to show
answer
recession in space
question
When a visual effect is so realistic it fools our perception it is called
answer
trompe l'oeil
question
When two
answer
dimensional images are made to look three-dimensional it is called-illusion
question
Overlapping is a way of suggesting three
answer
dimensional space.-True
question
During the Renaissance, European painters developed the technique of chiaroscuro, which means
answer
light and shade
question
On its most basic level, three
answer
dimensional art physically-occupies space
question
A mark or area that is significantly longer than it is wide may be perceived as _____.
answer
a line
question
The sculptor Henry Moore was interested in the interplay between __________.
answer
positive form and negative space
question
Michael Heizer's City Complex I, which has an enduring, monumental effect, is an example of a __________ sculpture.
answer
static
question
The surface quality of a work is called
answer
texture
question
Complementary colors are those that are
answer
opposite each other on the color wheel
question
Colors that are described as warm have the optical effect of receding in space.
answer
True
question
The shapes in Helen Frankenthaler's painting Mauve District are called hard
answer
edged because:-their boundaries are clearly distinguished
question
Real
answer
world objects taken from trash heaps and used in art are called-found objects
question
Three dimensional art in the full round is designed to be seen
answer
from all sides
question
In art the term "scale" refers to
answer
relative size
question
Edward Steichen's photograph Rodin: The Thinker is a good example of the use of:
answer
value and contrast
question
In the Balega mask, contrast is achieved primarily through:
answer
texture
question
_____ refers to the principle called "economy of means."
answer
paring away extraneous details
question
The ___________ was (were) critical to Frank Gehry in designing the Guggenheim Bilbao Museum.
answer
environmental setting
question
Instead of using mathematical devices to unify the image in The Boating Party, Pierre Auguste Renoir employed __________.
answer
color and the objects in the scene to link groups of people
question
Rhythm in art is created by patterns that are set up through
answer
repetition and variety
question
In the rock garden of Ryoan
answer
ji Temple (fig. 3-42) the relationship of sand to rocks and rock to rock formed out of meditation on the universe, not on adherence to a human system.-True
question
The implied triangle is a common formula for unifying compositional lines because it is _____.
answer
a highly stable shape
question
Jose Orozco used repetition in his painting Zapatistas (fig. 3
answer
4) to give the sense of __________.-beats in a single movement, a unified whole, a mass of figures, moving forward, ***all of the above***
question
In Essence Mulberry, Helen Frankenthaler's use of gray paint the same color as the ground creates a __________.
answer
transition
question
Repetition can be used in decorative works to create an all-over
answer
pattern
question
The golden rectangle is a way of establishing the:
answer
ideal proportion of a space
question
Rhythm in art can be compared with rhythm in music.
answer
True
question
The chest from the Haida culture is an example of symmety because:
answer
the left side and the right side are identical-the left side and the right side are identical
question
The ceremonial blanket from the Haida culture is an example of symmetry because _________.
answer
the left side and the right side are identical
question
Rhythm can be achieved by using
answer
shape or form, color, line, ***all of the above***
question
Balance is a principle of design based on the _____.
answer
visual weight one assigns to parts of a work
question
Because __________ there is visual tension created in Nancy Graves' work Trace.
answer
it is intentionally unbalanced
question
The use of multiple triangles by Lucy Pettway in her artwork Birds in the Air exemplifies the organizing principle of __________.
answer
repetition
question
Visual tension is created in Tintoretto's Leda and the Swan through the use of:
answer
contrasting and opposing forms
question
The use of multiple similar torsos by Magdalena Abakanowicz in her piece Backs is an example of the organizing principle of:
answer
repetition
question
The word used to refer to the material with which the artist works is _____.
answer
medium
question
Ink that is thinned with water or spirit and brushed on to suggest tone is called a
answer
wash
question
Artists often use graphite pencils for drawing _____.
answer
because they can get different effects due to the many grades of hardness of the medium
question
Leonardo da Vinci's "The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne and John the Baptist" is a full
answer
sized chalk drawing done as a model for a painting. This work is, thus, called a:-cartoon
question
Unlike the other dry media discussed in this chapter, silverpoint _____.
answer
requires that the paper be prepared with pigment or glue
question
The word "pastel" is usually associated with _______ tones.
answer
pale
question
There are special crayons made of grease for use in lithographic printing.
answer
True
question
Pen and ink drawings like Picasso's "Three Female Nudes Dancing" are difficult to execute because:
answer
the point of the pen may catch in the paper and splatter ink
question
Charcoal can only be used in a quick, sketchy manner.
answer
False
question
Conte crayon is _____.
answer
versatile and can be used for softness or sharp lines
question
Georges Seurat was able to get a range of values from conte crayon by __________.
answer
working on textured paper
question
In his drawing "Fish Skeletons" Hyman Bloom reverses the usual technique for pen and ink by:
answer
using white ink on dark paper
question
The best artist's papers are made with rags.
answer
True
question
Kathe Kollwitz's "Self Portrait with a Pencil" shows that charcoal is often used because:
answer
the fact that it smudges easily allows artists to exploit effects in toning the image
question
Paper, the most frequently used drawing surface, has been readily available since ancient Egypt.
answer
False
question
One of the main properties of tempera paint is
answer
it dries quickly to a matte finish
question
In theory, acrylic paints are permanent and will never deteriorate.
answer
True
question
The final layer of plaster, or _____, is applied over the underlying cartoon in sections small enough to be painted on that day while the plaster is still damp.
answer
intonaco
question
The medium used by Kurt Schwitters for Merz 19 is called
answer
collage
question
Mosaic is (are) __________ whose subtle effects can be viewed in The Battle of Issus.
answer
an ancient technique of embedding small tiles, called tesserae, into cement
question
For his huge murals of Mexican political history, Diego Rivera __________.
answer
sketched directly onto the wall with red chalk or charcoal
question
In general, paint is made by suspending _____________ in a liquid medium and adding a binder.
answer
pigment
question
The Young Woman with a Gold Pectoral is an example of the early method of painting known as __________ in which pigment is suspended in hot wax.
answer
encaustic
question
Encaustic must always be kept cool while it is being applied.
answer
False
question
Marc Chagall's The Crow Who Wanted to be an Eagle uses the __________ medium.
answer
gouache
question
Of painting media, the only one that does not dry quickly is:
answer
oil
question
Some nonobjective painters of the twentieth century worked on unsized canvas
answer
so that the paint would be absorbed right into the canvas
question
Vermeer's painting Girl with a Pearl Earring is a good example of the use of:
answer
oil
question
According to the curator at the Louvre, the Mona Lisa, an oil painting, has not been cleaned because:
answer
people are so used to seeing it dirty, it would upset them if it changed
question
The fresh transparent effect in Winslow Homer's The Gulf Stream is typical of
answer
watercolor
question
Typesetting, or the setting up of the type for printing a page, is now done by _____.
answer
computerized processes
question
The image by Alberto Seveso used for the cover of a magazine about computer arts includes elements suggesting the ___________, and are meant to evoke the mind of a young computer designer at work.
answer
unraveled strands of computer circuitry
question
The art of designing letter forms is called
answer
typography
question
The edition of The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer published by William Morris and Edward Burne
answer
Jones is a good example of __________.-harmony of design
question
Postage stamps are an example of graphic design.
answer
True
question
The intent of advertising is to _____.
answer
portray the client's product as compellingly as possible
question
The cover image from Computer Arts Interactive shows the importance of __________ in magazines.
answer
illustrations
question
Graphic designers usually work with other people, such as marketing specialists and clients.
answer
True
question
The two major ingredients of graphic design are
answer
letters and images
question
The typeface serif:
answer
gives elegant, calligraphic flourishes, leads our eye through a word, was originally based on the Roman alphabet, ***all of the above***
question
Although graphic design is for commercial purposes, some designs, like Toulouse
answer
Lautrec's poster, have been treated like __________.-fine art
question
Paul Rand, who designed the IBM logo, believed that corporate logos should _____.
answer
consist of simple, universal, and timeless shapes
question
In 1976, Peter Good designed the "I Love New York" slogan of a red heart between black, block letters that was designed to promote tourism to the city.
answer
False
question
Graphic designers are people who
answer
design two dimensional images for commercial purposes, convey information to the public, use words and imagery together, ***all of the above***
question
The advertisement for the Chicago Spire shown in Wallpaper Magazine relies on __________ to lure us into wanting to know more about the product.
answer
a sparse illustration
question
The photographer best known for his experiments in placing still pictures into a sequence to analyze motion is:
answer
Eadweard Muybridge
question
Dorothea Lange's photograph Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California, is an example of _____________ photography.
answer
documentary
question
The __________ offers an example of how, before the advent of color photography, patrons had themselves photographed before a false backdrop with details hand painted.
answer
Portrait of a Landowner
question
At the end of the nineteenth century the ____________ movement sought to make photographs look like paintings.
answer
Pictorialist
question
The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari is an example of the _______________ style of film
answer
making.-Expressionist
question
The camera can capture only as much as the human eye can perceive.
answer
False
question
The content of Leni Riefenstahl's film The Triumph of the Will is usually considered merely documentary.
answer
False
question
When a series of still images seem to merge and look like continuous movement it is because of the principle called
answer
persistence of vision
question
Digital imaging can build up lushly detailed works; simultaneously, it can delete details so that the focus falls upon a single object.
answer
True
question
In the 1920s __________ formed the "straight photography" movement in which objects were recorded in sharp focus with attention given to their details.
answer
Edward Weston
question
One problem with the daguerreotype is _____.
answer
the lengthy time needed for exposures
question
A big improvement in photography, based on Fox Talbot's work, was ______.
answer
the development of a means of creating multiple copies of an image
question
In a film, the splicing together of a variety of shots at the editing stage is called a
answer
montage
question
The word photography is Greek for _____.
answer
"writing with light"
question
One of the very earliest popular uses of photography was _____.
answer
for portraits whose aim was capturing a perfect likeness
question
The carved ivory mask from Benin was carved for the king and _________.
answer
worn at his waist
question
This sculpture by Louise Nevelson, called Black Wall is made of various pieces of wood. This sculpture is called a(n):
answer
assemblage
question
Michelangelo believed that one piece of marble was the same as another.
answer
False
question
Carvings have ___________ to minimize the labor involved in removing excess material.
answer
compact contours
question
The Head of a Woman created by __________ uses a direct carving technique that preserves its stony texture and creates a deliberately "primative" look.
answer
Amedeo Modigliani
question
A small clay or plaster model for a larger sculpture is called a
answer
maquette
question
Modeling and carving mean the same thing.
answer
False
question
Clay is a sculpture material that was commonly used in ancient civilizations.
answer
True
question
Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty is an example of
answer
earthworks
question
The lost
answer
wax process of bronze casting can only be used for small objects.-False
question
Artists use found objects to create artwork by a process called
answer
assembling
question
Stone can be polished to be very smooth.
answer
True
question
The sculpture, Pod Pocha by Ursula von Rydingsvard employs both stacking of elements and carving away to suggest _________.
answer
The natural processes of geological layering and erosion
question
The Greeks developed the ____________ process of casting, which is still used.
answer
lost-wax
question
Carving is a ____________ process.
answer
subtractive
question
In casting, a mold is used into which
answer
molten material is poured
question
For his monumental sculptures, such as the Torqued Ellipses, Richard Serra uses computer modeling to work out __________.
answer
basic coordinates, balance, layout and shape, ***all of the above***
question
Artists like using stone for sculptures because of its
answer
permanence
question
When some materials for sculptures cannot support their own weight, a sculptor will use __________________ for support.
answer
an armature
question
In fifteenth
answer
century Benin sculptors were supported by _____.-patronage of the king
question
Most clay vessels are _____ to ensure permanence and water resistance.
answer
baked
question
Wedging is a step in the process in which the artist
answer
removes air pockets from the clay
question
Slab building is a method for
answer
Building up clay
question
Iron and steel are the least malleable metals.
answer
True
question
The ancient craft of making objects from clay is called
answer
ceramics
question
There are _________ fiber works in The Unicorn Tapestries that depict scenes of hunting for a magical unicorn.
answer
seven
question
Glass objects can be made through the lost
answer
wax process.-True
question
Wood cannot be used for extremely ornate forms.
answer
False
question
Susye Billy, a basket weaver of the native Pomo people in California, has said natural materials for her craft are difficult to obtain because _____.
answer
land developers have changed the natural environment
question
Any type of clay is suitable for ceramics.
answer
False
question
Crafts have been highly developed since _____.
answer
millennia ago
question
Louis Tiffany and John La Farge developed
answer
the opalescent form of stained glass
question
Some woodworkers look for "defects" in a piece of wood, like _______, as seen in Mark Lindquist's Toutes Uncommon Bowl.
answer
burls
question
An ancient method for working with clay is called
answer
wheel throwing
question
The practice of _____ seems to have begun with the nomads of Central Asia.
answer
weaving rugs for covering their tents and wrapping their possessions
question
Iron that is worked in a heated state with hand tools is called
answer
wrought
question
Porcelain is considered to be the most precious of ceramic ware because it is
answer
pure white, nonabsorbent, very strong, ***all of the above***
question
Dale Chihuly is a major artist in the field of
answer
art glass
question
Today's craft artists experiment with new techniques only and have little or no interest in traditional methods.
answer
False
question
A common clay body, or mixtures of different kinds of clay, is
answer
earthenware
question
The invention of balloon
answer
frame construction came about with the development of-mass-produced nails
question
The circular interior space of the Pantheon in Rome is called a(n):
answer
rotunda
question
The International Modern Style evolved from the designs created at the Bauhaus.
answer
that climate and culture often determine housing style
question
Buildings constructed in the International Modern Style are
answer
constructed along purely functional lines, largely made with glass exterior walls, lacking in ornamentation, ***all of the above***
question
Of the names listed below, the one that is not a Greek order is
answer
Rhodian
question
To account for the local climate in his design of an Amsterdam Bank Complex, A. Ton Alberts incorporated __________.
answer
solar panels
question
The architectural design of the Pantheon did not work in Russia because
answer
the snowy climate was not considered
question
The flying buttress was used in the interior of Gothic cathedrals, such as Chartres to support the thick interior walls.
answer
False
question
The Nakagin Capsule Building in Tokyo is an example of _________.
answer
modular construction
question
Eric Kuhne's Bluewater Shopping Complex in Kent, England contains a rain forest and mountain bike trails.
answer
True
question
In Greek construction, architects developed the Greek orders, which were
answer
the sequences of parts of the architectural structure
question
Among the things architects consider is acoustics, or the
answer
science of sound
question
In post-modern architecture, building designs tend to
answer
be expressive and individual, following no one specific style
question
Which of the following is not an elaboration of arch technology?
answer
balloon-frame construction
question
The Suq ai Ainau is an excellent example of how architects adapt their designs to respond to _________.
answer
the environment in which the structure is placed
question
The form of building that uses columns and beams is ____________ construction.
answer
post and lintel
question
Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater is a good example of the use of
answer
cantilevered beams
question
The stones of Machu Picchu are kept in place by a mortar mixture scientists can't figure out.
answer
False
question
The interiors of buildings with steel frameworks
answer
are broad open spaces
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question
_____ is(are) usually necessary for someone to be able to create art from the ideas in his/her imagination.
answer
training and practice
question
Mondrian's Composition (B) En Bleu, Jaune, et Blanc (Composition in Blue, Yellow, Piet Mondrian's Composition (B) En Bleu, Jaune, et Blanc (Composition in Blue, Yellow, and White) is an example of __________.
answer
nonobjective, or nonrepresentational, painting
question
The Palace at Versailles symbolizes _____.
answer
the power of the absolute monarch
question
When someone pays an artist to create a work of art it is called _____.
answer
patronage
question
A work of art can be judged from very different points of view.
answer
True
question
The first purpose of the applied arts is to
answer
serve some useful function
question
There are no absolute guidelines for judging __________ in art.
answer
quality
question
Richard Diebenkorn's Ocean Park paintings are examples of:
answer
nonobjective paintings
question
The work, Ancestors of the Passage: A Healing Journey through the Middle Passage by __________ treats the subject of slavery and its effects on women.
answer
Imna Arroyo
question
Some artists cannot easily explain why they create art. For them, it is _____.
answer
an inner calling
question
Vera Mukhina's Machine Tractor Driver and Collective Farm Girl is an example of __________.
answer
sociopolitical content
question
Ludwig Hohlwein's poster is an example of:
answer
propaganda
question
An artist who uses abstraction as an approach is
answer
extracting the essence of the real object
question
The meaning found in art, including the subject
answer
matter and the emotions, ideas and symbols is called _____.-content
question
Idealization in art is a form of _____.
answer
realism
question
Wanting to stop art from being shown because of moral beliefs is called
answer
censorship
question
Three
answer
dimensional artworks have _____.-height, width, and depth
question
For Koreans, cloth
answer
bound bundles known as bottari are used for __________.-packing up possessions and leaving the home
question
Maya Ying Lin said she wanted her Vietnam Veterans' Memorial to be ________.
answer
honest about the reality of war
question
For Paul Klee, the act of artistic creation seemed to be a way of approaching __________.
answer
the unseen
question
The Futurists were most interested in capturing a single moment in time in a static image.
answer
False
question
The phrase point of view is used in art to indicate where the viewer is standing in relation to the figures in the artwork
answer
True
question
The shapes in Matisse's painting The Snail are called hard
answer
edged because __________.-their boundaries are clearly distinguished
question
Linear perspective is a mathematical system used to show
answer
recession in space
question
When a visual effect is so realistic it fools our perception it is called
answer
trompe l'oeil
question
When two
answer
dimensional images are made to look three-dimensional it is called-illusion
question
Overlapping is a way of suggesting three
answer
dimensional space.-True
question
During the Renaissance, European painters developed the technique of chiaroscuro, which means
answer
light and shade
question
On its most basic level, three
answer
dimensional art physically-occupies space
question
A mark or area that is significantly longer than it is wide may be perceived as _____.
answer
a line
question
The sculptor Henry Moore was interested in the interplay between __________.
answer
positive form and negative space
question
Michael Heizer's City Complex I, which has an enduring, monumental effect, is an example of a __________ sculpture.
answer
static
question
The surface quality of a work is called
answer
texture
question
Complementary colors are those that are
answer
opposite each other on the color wheel
question
Colors that are described as warm have the optical effect of receding in space.
answer
True
question
The shapes in Helen Frankenthaler's painting Mauve District are called hard
answer
edged because:-their boundaries are clearly distinguished
question
Real
answer
world objects taken from trash heaps and used in art are called-found objects
question
Three dimensional art in the full round is designed to be seen
answer
from all sides
question
In art the term "scale" refers to
answer
relative size
question
Edward Steichen's photograph Rodin: The Thinker is a good example of the use of:
answer
value and contrast
question
In the Balega mask, contrast is achieved primarily through:
answer
texture
question
_____ refers to the principle called "economy of means."
answer
paring away extraneous details
question
The ___________ was (were) critical to Frank Gehry in designing the Guggenheim Bilbao Museum.
answer
environmental setting
question
Instead of using mathematical devices to unify the image in The Boating Party, Pierre Auguste Renoir employed __________.
answer
color and the objects in the scene to link groups of people
question
Rhythm in art is created by patterns that are set up through
answer
repetition and variety
question
In the rock garden of Ryoan
answer
ji Temple (fig. 3-42) the relationship of sand to rocks and rock to rock formed out of meditation on the universe, not on adherence to a human system.-True
question
The implied triangle is a common formula for unifying compositional lines because it is _____.
answer
a highly stable shape
question
Jose Orozco used repetition in his painting Zapatistas (fig. 3
answer
4) to give the sense of __________.-beats in a single movement, a unified whole, a mass of figures, moving forward, ***all of the above***
question
In Essence Mulberry, Helen Frankenthaler's use of gray paint the same color as the ground creates a __________.
answer
transition
question
Repetition can be used in decorative works to create an all-over
answer
pattern
question
The golden rectangle is a way of establishing the:
answer
ideal proportion of a space
question
Rhythm in art can be compared with rhythm in music.
answer
True
question
The chest from the Haida culture is an example of symmety because:
answer
the left side and the right side are identical-the left side and the right side are identical
question
The ceremonial blanket from the Haida culture is an example of symmetry because _________.
answer
the left side and the right side are identical
question
Rhythm can be achieved by using
answer
shape or form, color, line, ***all of the above***
question
Balance is a principle of design based on the _____.
answer
visual weight one assigns to parts of a work
question
Because __________ there is visual tension created in Nancy Graves' work Trace.
answer
it is intentionally unbalanced
question
The use of multiple triangles by Lucy Pettway in her artwork Birds in the Air exemplifies the organizing principle of __________.
answer
repetition
question
Visual tension is created in Tintoretto's Leda and the Swan through the use of:
answer
contrasting and opposing forms
question
The use of multiple similar torsos by Magdalena Abakanowicz in her piece Backs is an example of the organizing principle of:
answer
repetition
question
The word used to refer to the material with which the artist works is _____.
answer
medium
question
Ink that is thinned with water or spirit and brushed on to suggest tone is called a
answer
wash
question
Artists often use graphite pencils for drawing _____.
answer
because they can get different effects due to the many grades of hardness of the medium
question
Leonardo da Vinci's "The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne and John the Baptist" is a full
answer
sized chalk drawing done as a model for a painting. This work is, thus, called a:-cartoon
question
Unlike the other dry media discussed in this chapter, silverpoint _____.
answer
requires that the paper be prepared with pigment or glue
question
The word "pastel" is usually associated with _______ tones.
answer
pale
question
There are special crayons made of grease for use in lithographic printing.
answer
True
question
Pen and ink drawings like Picasso's "Three Female Nudes Dancing" are difficult to execute because:
answer
the point of the pen may catch in the paper and splatter ink
question
Charcoal can only be used in a quick, sketchy manner.
answer
False
question
Conte crayon is _____.
answer
versatile and can be used for softness or sharp lines
question
Georges Seurat was able to get a range of values from conte crayon by __________.
answer
working on textured paper
question
In his drawing "Fish Skeletons" Hyman Bloom reverses the usual technique for pen and ink by:
answer
using white ink on dark paper
question
The best artist's papers are made with rags.
answer
True
question
Kathe Kollwitz's "Self Portrait with a Pencil" shows that charcoal is often used because:
answer
the fact that it smudges easily allows artists to exploit effects in toning the image
question
Paper, the most frequently used drawing surface, has been readily available since ancient Egypt.
answer
False
question
One of the main properties of tempera paint is
answer
it dries quickly to a matte finish
question
In theory, acrylic paints are permanent and will never deteriorate.
answer
True
question
The final layer of plaster, or _____, is applied over the underlying cartoon in sections small enough to be painted on that day while the plaster is still damp.
answer
intonaco
question
The medium used by Kurt Schwitters for Merz 19 is called
answer
collage
question
Mosaic is (are) __________ whose subtle effects can be viewed in The Battle of Issus.
answer
an ancient technique of embedding small tiles, called tesserae, into cement
question
For his huge murals of Mexican political history, Diego Rivera __________.
answer
sketched directly onto the wall with red chalk or charcoal
question
In general, paint is made by suspending _____________ in a liquid medium and adding a binder.
answer
pigment
question
The Young Woman with a Gold Pectoral is an example of the early method of painting known as __________ in which pigment is suspended in hot wax.
answer
encaustic
question
Encaustic must always be kept cool while it is being applied.
answer
False
question
Marc Chagall's The Crow Who Wanted to be an Eagle uses the __________ medium.
answer
gouache
question
Of painting media, the only one that does not dry quickly is:
answer
oil
question
Some nonobjective painters of the twentieth century worked on unsized canvas
answer
so that the paint would be absorbed right into the canvas
question
Vermeer's painting Girl with a Pearl Earring is a good example of the use of:
answer
oil
question
According to the curator at the Louvre, the Mona Lisa, an oil painting, has not been cleaned because:
answer
people are so used to seeing it dirty, it would upset them if it changed
question
The fresh transparent effect in Winslow Homer's The Gulf Stream is typical of
answer
watercolor
question
Typesetting, or the setting up of the type for printing a page, is now done by _____.
answer
computerized processes
question
The image by Alberto Seveso used for the cover of a magazine about computer arts includes elements suggesting the ___________, and are meant to evoke the mind of a young computer designer at work.
answer
unraveled strands of computer circuitry
question
The art of designing letter forms is called
answer
typography
question
The edition of The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer published by William Morris and Edward Burne
answer
Jones is a good example of __________.-harmony of design
question
Postage stamps are an example of graphic design.
answer
True
question
The intent of advertising is to _____.
answer
portray the client's product as compellingly as possible
question
The cover image from Computer Arts Interactive shows the importance of __________ in magazines.
answer
illustrations
question
Graphic designers usually work with other people, such as marketing specialists and clients.
answer
True
question
The two major ingredients of graphic design are
answer
letters and images
question
The typeface serif:
answer
gives elegant, calligraphic flourishes, leads our eye through a word, was originally based on the Roman alphabet, ***all of the above***
question
Although graphic design is for commercial purposes, some designs, like Toulouse
answer
Lautrec's poster, have been treated like __________.-fine art
question
Paul Rand, who designed the IBM logo, believed that corporate logos should _____.
answer
consist of simple, universal, and timeless shapes
question
In 1976, Peter Good designed the "I Love New York" slogan of a red heart between black, block letters that was designed to promote tourism to the city.
answer
False
question
Graphic designers are people who
answer
design two dimensional images for commercial purposes, convey information to the public, use words and imagery together, ***all of the above***
question
The advertisement for the Chicago Spire shown in Wallpaper Magazine relies on __________ to lure us into wanting to know more about the product.
answer
a sparse illustration
question
The photographer best known for his experiments in placing still pictures into a sequence to analyze motion is:
answer
Eadweard Muybridge
question
Dorothea Lange's photograph Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California, is an example of _____________ photography.
answer
documentary
question
The __________ offers an example of how, before the advent of color photography, patrons had themselves photographed before a false backdrop with details hand painted.
answer
Portrait of a Landowner
question
At the end of the nineteenth century the ____________ movement sought to make photographs look like paintings.
answer
Pictorialist
question
The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari is an example of the _______________ style of film
answer
making.-Expressionist
question
The camera can capture only as much as the human eye can perceive.
answer
False
question
The content of Leni Riefenstahl's film The Triumph of the Will is usually considered merely documentary.
answer
False
question
When a series of still images seem to merge and look like continuous movement it is because of the principle called
answer
persistence of vision
question
Digital imaging can build up lushly detailed works; simultaneously, it can delete details so that the focus falls upon a single object.
answer
True
question
In the 1920s __________ formed the "straight photography" movement in which objects were recorded in sharp focus with attention given to their details.
answer
Edward Weston
question
One problem with the daguerreotype is _____.
answer
the lengthy time needed for exposures
question
A big improvement in photography, based on Fox Talbot's work, was ______.
answer
the development of a means of creating multiple copies of an image
question
In a film, the splicing together of a variety of shots at the editing stage is called a
answer
montage
question
The word photography is Greek for _____.
answer
"writing with light"
question
One of the very earliest popular uses of photography was _____.
answer
for portraits whose aim was capturing a perfect likeness
question
The carved ivory mask from Benin was carved for the king and _________.
answer
worn at his waist
question
This sculpture by Louise Nevelson, called Black Wall is made of various pieces of wood. This sculpture is called a(n):
answer
assemblage
question
Michelangelo believed that one piece of marble was the same as another.
answer
False
question
Carvings have ___________ to minimize the labor involved in removing excess material.
answer
compact contours
question
The Head of a Woman created by __________ uses a direct carving technique that preserves its stony texture and creates a deliberately "primative" look.
answer
Amedeo Modigliani
question
A small clay or plaster model for a larger sculpture is called a
answer
maquette
question
Modeling and carving mean the same thing.
answer
False
question
Clay is a sculpture material that was commonly used in ancient civilizations.
answer
True
question
Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty is an example of
answer
earthworks
question
The lost
answer
wax process of bronze casting can only be used for small objects.-False
question
Artists use found objects to create artwork by a process called
answer
assembling
question
Stone can be polished to be very smooth.
answer
True
question
The sculpture, Pod Pocha by Ursula von Rydingsvard employs both stacking of elements and carving away to suggest _________.
answer
The natural processes of geological layering and erosion
question
The Greeks developed the ____________ process of casting, which is still used.
answer
lost-wax
question
Carving is a ____________ process.
answer
subtractive
question
In casting, a mold is used into which
answer
molten material is poured
question
For his monumental sculptures, such as the Torqued Ellipses, Richard Serra uses computer modeling to work out __________.
answer
basic coordinates, balance, layout and shape, ***all of the above***
question
Artists like using stone for sculptures because of its
answer
permanence
question
When some materials for sculptures cannot support their own weight, a sculptor will use __________________ for support.
answer
an armature
question
In fifteenth
answer
century Benin sculptors were supported by _____.-patronage of the king
question
Most clay vessels are _____ to ensure permanence and water resistance.
answer
baked
question
Wedging is a step in the process in which the artist
answer
removes air pockets from the clay
question
Slab building is a method for
answer
Building up clay
question
Iron and steel are the least malleable metals.
answer
True
question
The ancient craft of making objects from clay is called
answer
ceramics
question
There are _________ fiber works in The Unicorn Tapestries that depict scenes of hunting for a magical unicorn.
answer
seven
question
Glass objects can be made through the lost
answer
wax process.-True
question
Wood cannot be used for extremely ornate forms.
answer
False
question
Susye Billy, a basket weaver of the native Pomo people in California, has said natural materials for her craft are difficult to obtain because _____.
answer
land developers have changed the natural environment
question
Any type of clay is suitable for ceramics.
answer
False
question
Crafts have been highly developed since _____.
answer
millennia ago
question
Louis Tiffany and John La Farge developed
answer
the opalescent form of stained glass
question
Some woodworkers look for "defects" in a piece of wood, like _______, as seen in Mark Lindquist's Toutes Uncommon Bowl.
answer
burls
question
An ancient method for working with clay is called
answer
wheel throwing
question
The practice of _____ seems to have begun with the nomads of Central Asia.
answer
weaving rugs for covering their tents and wrapping their possessions
question
Iron that is worked in a heated state with hand tools is called
answer
wrought
question
Porcelain is considered to be the most precious of ceramic ware because it is
answer
pure white, nonabsorbent, very strong, ***all of the above***
question
Dale Chihuly is a major artist in the field of
answer
art glass
question
Today's craft artists experiment with new techniques only and have little or no interest in traditional methods.
answer
False
question
A common clay body, or mixtures of different kinds of clay, is
answer
earthenware
question
The invention of balloon
answer
frame construction came about with the development of-mass-produced nails
question
The circular interior space of the Pantheon in Rome is called a(n):
answer
rotunda
question
The International Modern Style evolved from the designs created at the Bauhaus.
answer
that climate and culture often determine housing style
question
Buildings constructed in the International Modern Style are
answer
constructed along purely functional lines, largely made with glass exterior walls, lacking in ornamentation, ***all of the above***
question
Of the names listed below, the one that is not a Greek order is
answer
Rhodian
question
To account for the local climate in his design of an Amsterdam Bank Complex, A. Ton Alberts incorporated __________.
answer
solar panels
question
The architectural design of the Pantheon did not work in Russia because
answer
the snowy climate was not considered
question
The flying buttress was used in the interior of Gothic cathedrals, such as Chartres to support the thick interior walls.
answer
False
question
The Nakagin Capsule Building in Tokyo is an example of _________.
answer
modular construction
question
Eric Kuhne's Bluewater Shopping Complex in Kent, England contains a rain forest and mountain bike trails.
answer
True
question
In Greek construction, architects developed the Greek orders, which were
answer
the sequences of parts of the architectural structure
question
Among the things architects consider is acoustics, or the
answer
science of sound
question
In post-modern architecture, building designs tend to
answer
be expressive and individual, following no one specific style
question
Which of the following is not an elaboration of arch technology?
answer
balloon-frame construction
question
The Suq ai Ainau is an excellent example of how architects adapt their designs to respond to _________.
answer
the environment in which the structure is placed
question
The form of building that uses columns and beams is ____________ construction.
answer
post and lintel
question
Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater is a good example of the use of
answer
cantilevered beams
question
The stones of Machu Picchu are kept in place by a mortar mixture scientists can't figure out.
answer
False
question
The interiors of buildings with steel frameworks
answer
are broad open spaces