Intro to Nursing study guide exam 1

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Nurse
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To nourish
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Nursing focus
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Human experiences, responses to birth health illness & death Includes diagnosis interventions evaluation of outcomes in an established plan of care
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Central focus
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The patient & their physical emotional social & spiritual dimensions
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National league for nurses (NLA)
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Development & improvement of all nursing services & education & provide accreditation for nursing educational programs
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American nurse association (ANA)
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Involved in education, clinical nursing standards, lobbying lawmakers & general welfare of nurses
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Florence nightingale
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The mother of nursing -defined nursing as an art & science
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Clara Barton
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Cared for soldiers in the civil war -established Red Cross
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Dorothea Dix
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Coordinated nurses for the civil war -pioneered treatment of the mentally ill
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Lavina Dock
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Women’s right activist -gained women right to vote
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Margaret Sanger
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Founder of Planned parenthood
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Nursing aims
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Promotion of health, prevention of illness, restoring health, coping w disability or death
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Nursing competencies
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Cognition – thinking Technical – hands on Interpersonal – self Ethical/legal – to do & not to do
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Nursing roles
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Communicator Teacher Counselor Leader Researcher Advocate Collaborator
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Criteria for nursing practice
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Knowledge Service orientation Code of ethics Professional organization standard Ongoing research Autonomy Self regulation
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Nurse practice acts
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Defines legal scope of nursing practice -create a state board of nursing w authority to make & enforce nursing rules -define legal requirements & titles for RNs & LPNs -establish criteria for education & licensure of nurses
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Challenges to the nursing profession
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Growing population Acutely ill Cost of health care Advances in technology Nursing shortage Health policy Education
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Nursing process
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Establish/carry out plan of care to meet pts needs

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