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IB English Lit HL: Paper 1 Literary Terms (Poetry)

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Alliteration
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The occurrence of the same letter/sound at the beginning of adjacent words
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Assonance
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Repetition of vowel sounds
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Caesura
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Pause in the middle of the line
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Connotation
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An idea or feeling that a word invokes that is not it’s literal/primary meaning
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Consonance
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Repetition of consonant sounds
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Couplet
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Two lines in a verse of the same meter and joined by rhyme
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Free Verse
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Poetry without a particular rhythm or meter
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End Rhyme
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Rhyme on the last syllables of the verse
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Enjambment
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The continuation of a sentence from one line to the next
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Meter
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The rhythm of a piece of poetry
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Quatrain
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A stanza of four lines (Usually ABAB in rhyming)
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Iamb/Iambic
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A unit of meter consisting of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
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Internal Rhyme
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Rhyme that occurs within a line or originates from within a rhyme
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Onomatopoeia
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A word that is formed from a sound associated with it’s name
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Stanza
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A group of lines forming the basic recurring meter in a poem