Human Heritage A World History Chapter 11-1

Flashcard maker : August Dunbar
Oracles
People who could speak with the gods
Prophecy
Statement of what might happen in the future. Could mean more than one thing.
Zeus
Ruler of Mount Olympus. King of gods. God of weather.
Aphrodite
Goddess of love and beauty
Apollo
God of the sun, truth, archery, music, medicine, prophecy
Ares
God of war
Artemis
Goddess of the moon, mighty huntresses, guardian of cities, of young animals and women. Twin sister of Apollo.
Athena
Goddess of wisdom, city goddess of Athens. Patron of household crafts. Protectress in war of those who worshiped her. Daughter of Zeus.
Demeter
Goddess of crops. Giver of grain and fruit
Dionysus
God fertility, joyous life, hospitality, and of wild things.
Hephaestus
God of fire, artisans, maker of Pandora- the first mortal woman. Husband of Aphrodite.
Hera
Protectress of marriage, children, and home. Wife of Zeus.
Hermes
God of orators, writers and commerce. Protector of thieves and mischief-makers. Guardian of wayfarers, messenger to mortals. Son of Zeus.
Poseidon
God of sea, earthquakes. Giver of horses to mortals.
Honor gods
Built temples. Inside temple stood a statue of the god being honored. In front of the statue altar , temple god’s house, did not enter. Festivals
Olympic events
Chariot race, boxing, pancratium (combination of boxing and wrestling), pentatholon: run, jump, discus, wrestle, throw javelin.
Olympic competitors
Greek colonies, Greece, Africa, Italy and Asia Minor
Plays
First tragedies, then tragedies and comedies.
Soliloquy
Talk in which personal thoughts and feelings are expressed to the audience

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