HUM2210 TCC Final3

question

why did the Florentines drive the Medici family from the city in 1494?
answer

Piero was proclaimed a traitor for acquiescing to the demands of King Charles VIII of France
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Why did the Medici supporters hurl stones at Michelangelo’s David as it was moved through the streets?
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They understood David’s symbolism of the city standing up to tyrants.
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What were the Renaissance humanists aiming to understand?
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The nature of humanity and its relationship to the natural world.
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How did Ghiberti create a sense of real space in his design?
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By foreshortening and with diagonals.
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What is the significance of Donatello’s David in terms of freestanding nude male statues, and to what does the nudity point?
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It is the first free standing male nude sculpture to appear since Roman times.
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Why did Michelangelo present Mary in his Pieta as young and beautiful instead of middle-aged?
answer

Her idealized beauty relates Roman catholic belief in the perpetual virginity of Mary who remained a virgin through out her life.
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What principle did Brunelleschi master and apply to his dome’s design?
answer

Pointed arching and two domes in one.
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Why does Masaccio place the vanishing point in The Tribute Money behind Christ’s head?
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To identify Christ as the frescoes most important figure.
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Why did Titian paint a sleeping dog on the foot of his Venus of Urbino’s bed?
answer

It represents marital faithfulness and lust.
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According to the ancient Roman Vitruvius, what standard should the ideal body be eight times the size?
answer

The head.
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What musical interval corresponds with Vitruvius’s theory of proportion?
answer

The octave.
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What Leonardo work illustrates Vitruvius’s ideas of human and geometric perfection of proportion and symmetry?
answer

The study of human proportions.
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Why was Lodovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, so interested in Leonardo da Vinci?
answer

He created numerous types of war machinery.
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Why was Leonardo’s Last Supper fresco in very bad shape today?
answer

He experimented with mixing oil and water which equals tempura.
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Why did Michelangelo place the Separation of Light and Darkness at the Sistine Chapels far end over the altar?
answer

It symbolizes viewers distance from creations goodness and truth.
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What does the scene entitled The Drunkenness of Noah represent?
answer

It represents the wrath of God, at wickedness of humanity and opportunity for a new beginning with Noah.
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Upon whom did Raphael model his portrait of Heraclitus, the brooding, despairing philosopher?
answer

Michelangelo
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What was at the heart of Luther’s outrage at the Church’s salvation for sale?
answer

Class inequity and injustice
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What did Luther claim gave him the right to post his 95 Theses on the Wittenberg church door?
answer

Academic freedom
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Why was Luther’s translation of the New Testament into vernacular German so significant?
answer

People no longer had to depend on the Church for biblical interpretation.
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What did John Calvin mean by “predestination”?
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The idea that people are “elected” by God to salvation prior to coming into the world and that anyone so elected self-evidently lives in a way that God pleases.
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Why was mid-sixteenth century Geneva known as “a paradise for women”?
answer

They were allowed to attend the university of Geneva.
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What was the major work Gutenberg published using his printing press?
answer

The forty two line Bible.
question

What style of writing for trying out ideas did Montaigne invent?
answer

personal essay
question

Why did Durer place John in the forefront of his Four Apostles?
answer

He was Luther’s favorite apostle.
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What classical literary genre did Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More revive?
answer

Satire
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Why did Bruges become the financial capital of the North?
answer

It was his home to the Medici banking Interests in the region.
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Unlike in Renaissance Italy, patronage of artists in the northern cities came from what source?
answer

bankers and money
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Why did Flemish painters use oil instead of the tempera paint favored by the Italian Renaissance painters?
answer

To create layers of paint that reflected light.
question

Which of the following, pestilence, sin, famine, or death, is NOT one of the Albrecht Durer’s “Four horseman of the Apocalypse”?
answer

Sin, instead he used conquest by war
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According to Pico della Mirandola’s Oration on the Dignity of Man, what great gift makes humans “the most fortunate of living things”?
answer

Free will, mans greatest gift.
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In the Nobility and Excellence of Women and the Defects and Vices of Men, Lucretia Marinella claim motivated men who denigrate women?
answer

anger and envy
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Why did Maciavelli claim that it was better for a prince to be feared, not loved?
answer

Fear is a stronger motivator.
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Which of the following is not one of the popular themes in Shakespeare’s romantic comedies?
answer

Histories?
question

Why is Hamlet the most desired role and the most often performed character in the history of the English stage?
answer

His openness and complexities.
question

What did the sale of church land enable England’s Parliament to do?
answer

Not raises taxes
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How was London’s government unique in Renaissance Europe?
answer

It was both self-governing and under royal rule
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Why was portraiture so popular in Tudor England?
answer

It showed monarchs looks through paintings.
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Why did Hans Holbein paint Thomas More with beard stubble and sagging skin?
answer

To emphasize More’s tireless service to the King.
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Why did Henry VIII break away from Rome and start his own Church of England?
answer

To divorce Catherine and to take money to pay for war.
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Why did Henry order the execution of his friend Thomas More?
answer

He was found guilty for denying King was the Supreme head of the Church of England.
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Why did Mary I order mass executions of Protestants when she assumed the throne of England in 1553?
answer

She was Catholic
question

Why after August 8, 1588, could Elizabeth I claim English supremacy in world affairs?
answer

She wanted to strengthen England’s Protestants allies
question

Why did Spain institute an Inquisition in 1478?
answer

To convert non-Christian Spaniard’s.
question

What did the Council of Trent decide about the use of music in the liturgy?
answer

The text needed to be clarified.
question

How did Palestrina’s Missa Pacellus conform to the Council of Trent’s requirements?
answer

It was rejected by Protestants making it even more a Roman Catholic Council
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Why might Michelangelo in the Last judgment have included his self-portrait on the flayed skin of St. Bartholomew?
answer

Due to feelings of contempt being commissioned to paint.
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What human feature do many Mannerist artists emphasize to draw attention to their skill?
answer

Hands
question

Why does Bronzino paint Venus holding a golden apple in Allegory with Venus and Cupid?
answer

to reference the Trojan War
question

What is the distinction of Cellini’s Life?
answer

One of the first secular autobiographies.
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After the Muslims and the Jews, whom did the Spanish Inquisition seek to persecute?
answer

The religious mystics.
question

What type of novel is Cervante’s Don Quixote?
answer

parody, comedy, romance, and morality novel.

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