HOSA CPR/First Aid 3

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How to open airways
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Head tilt chin lift
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Signs of breathing
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Look listen feel
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If unresponsive but breathing, place in
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recovery position
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Stop CPR when (3)
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EMS arrives, victim is responsive, you are too tired to continue
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When do you check for an obstructed airway?
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before each breath
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Initial check:
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Responsiveness, airways, breathing, severe bleeding
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Leading causes of choking
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food, small toys, coins
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Why do you survey the scene?
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to decide whether or not to help and how
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examples of PPE
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barrier device, gloves, masks, goggles
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where are chest compressions on an adult?
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Center of chest
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Where are chest compressions on a child?
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center of chest
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Where are chest compressions on an infant?
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Just below center of chest
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What do you use for compressions on an adult?
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2 hands
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What do you use for compressions on a child?
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1 or 2 hands
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What do you use for compressions on an infant
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2 fingers
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How far do the chest compressions go on an adult?
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1.5-2 inches
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How far do the chest compressions go on a child
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1/3-1/2 depth of the chest
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How far do the chest compressions go on an infant
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1/3-1/2 depth of the chest
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What is the alternate to the heimlich for an infant?
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Back blows and chest thrusts
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What is the purpose of the initial check?
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to see if the victim’s condition is life-threatening
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Steps to control bleeding
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Pressure, elevation, pressure points
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anaphylaxis
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severe allergic reaction usually caused by medications, foods, insect stings, or plants
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Amputated parts should be kept (3)
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Cool, clean, and dry
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The purpose of a dressing is to
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absorb blood and cover a wound
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The purpose of a bandage is to
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apply pressure and hold the dressing in place
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the firsts step to treating a heat burn is to
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get away form the heat source
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caer for a nosebleed
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tilt head forward and pinch soft part of the nose
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When should you remove impaled objects?
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NEVER
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splinting technique main points
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stabilize, immonilize, go ot joint above and below, leave in position found
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do not apply ice to
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snake bites
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if you suspect a spine injury, you should
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immobilize the victim
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when should you use rescue moves?
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to get the victim out of a dangerous area
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are you analyzing the heart rhythm when using the AED?
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yes
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ratio of shocks to CPR
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1:2
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can you use an AED on a lightning strike victim?
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yes
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who can you not use an AED on?
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victims under one
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Why should you keep AED records?
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it protects you from being sued
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Skin must be (in order to use an AED)
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clean and dry
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is the AED operator responsible fo rinterpreting the heart rhythm?
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No
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After no more shocks are needed, what should you do?
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Continue CPR
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V-fib
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chaotic heartbeat
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V-tach
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heart beats too fast
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Survival rate decreases ____________ for every minute of not using an AED
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7-10%
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will an AED shock every electrical disturbanc ein the heart?
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No
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AED card stores what information
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EKGG, how many shocks, amount of energy
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Signs of heart attack
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Radiating pressure, squeezing, or pain
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Signs of stroke
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weakness, numbness, bad vision, speaking issues
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care for seziures
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move away form dangerous objects, roll into recovery position
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signs of low blood sugar:
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hunger, trembling, pale skin, confusion, bad temper
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signs of high blood sugar
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drowsiness, thirst, breath odor
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care for ingested poisons
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find out information, call 800-222-1222, give activated charcoal

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