HOSA COMPETITION CPR FIRST AID AED QUIZLET

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AED
AED
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Automated External Defibrillator
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PPE
PPE
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Personal Protective Equipment
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BLS
BLS
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Basic Life Support
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EMS
EMS
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Emergency Medical Services
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CPR
CPR
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CardioPulmonary Resuscitation
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AHA
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American Heart Association
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Chain Of Survival
Chain Of Survival
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call 911, early cpr, aed, advanced life support, post cardiac arrest care
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The second link in the AHA BLS out-of-hospital adult chain of survival is?
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early cpr
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To deliver chest compressions to an infant, a single rescuer would use:
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two fingers
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After a superficial burn has been cooled, the next step is to:
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cover the burn with a dry, nonstick sterile dressing
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What is the recommended amount of time you wash your hands?
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20 seconds
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You notice that a person has experienced a significant amount of blood loss, has pale skin color, and is becoming confused. What is most likely the cause?
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Shock
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You are eating in a restaurant when a woman cries out. Her six-month-old child is turning blue around the mouth. He appears to be gagging but is not able to cry or take a breath. An older child had just given him some marbles to play with. What is the next step?
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Deliver back blows and chest thrusts
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You are performing CPR on an infant when a second rescuer appears. What is the next step in management?
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Have second rescuer help with cpr to minimize fatigue
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You are treating a pediatric cardiac arrest patient. Where do you place the AED pads on an infant?
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Chest and back
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When performing CPR you check for breathing. How long should this check last?
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No longer than 10 seconds
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You find a child that is unresponsive. After yelling for help, you check and find the child is not breathing. What is the next step?
You find a child that is unresponsive. After yelling for help, you check and find the child is not breathing. What is the next step?
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Begin cpr
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You attempt to deliver a rescue breath to an unconscious adult. The breath does not go in. What is the next step in managing this case?
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attempt the breath again
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You come upon an unconscious victim with a pulse. They do not appear to be breathing. You are unable to deliver the first breath. What is the next step?*
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attempt the breath again
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You are first on scene and the victim is unresponsive, pulseless and has vomited. You do not feel comfortable performing mouth-to-mouth ventilation. What is the best approach?
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Only perform chest compressions
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Which direction do arteries and veins pump blood?
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Arteries pump blood away from heart and veins pump blood to the heart.
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Closed wound general care
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Apply direct pressure, cold pack, call ems if severe.
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Digestive system order
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Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Intestines, Liver, Pancreas, gallbladder
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Digestive system job
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Breaks down food to supply body with energy
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Common respiratory problems
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Asthma, respiratory distress, respiratory arrest
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Bronchitis
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Disease resulting in inflammation of the lining trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles
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Bronchitis signs and symptoms
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Persistent cough, chest tightness, dificulty breathing
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Croup
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An upper airway infection the blocks breathing
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Croup treatment
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Fresh cool air, steamy bathroom
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Abdominal injury symptoms
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Severe pain, external bleeding, nausea, vomitting, bruising, pale ashen, moist skin, weakness, thirst, rigid abdomen, organs protruding from abs
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You would call first before acting on
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Drowning victims, cardiac emergencies, unwitnessed collapse
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Circulatory organs
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Heart, blood, blood vessels
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Circulatory system job
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Transports nutrients and oxygen to body cells and removes waste products
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Nervous systems organs
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Brain, spinal cord, nerves
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Common nervous system problems
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Paralysis, seizures, strokes, concussions, fainting, loss of consciousness
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Adult cpr
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Two hands
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Soft splint
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Blankets, towels, pillows, slings
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Rigid splints
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Boards, metal strips, folded magazines
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Anatomic splints
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Use of body, legs and arms
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Commercial splints
Commercial splints
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Traction with pulleys and weights
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Fainting signs
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Complete loss of consciousness, temporary reduction of blood to head, collapse
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Stroke
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Disruption of blood flow to brain
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Seizure
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Abnormal electrical activity in the brain
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Hyperglycemia
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Insulin level is to low and sugar is too high
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Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia
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The insulin level is too high and sugar lever is too low
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Pale and clammy their blood sugar is possibly too low
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Cold and clammy give them candy
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Name the three C’s
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Check, call, care
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Call who?
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911 or EMS
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Care for first if
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Victim is unconscious or witnessed collapse
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Respiratory organs
Respiratory organs
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Airway and lungs
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Respiratory system job
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Supplies body with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide by breathing
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Muscoskeletal organs
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Bones, ligaments, tendons
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Muscoskeletal job
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Provides framework, projects internal organs, allows movement and heat
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Integumentary system organs
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Skin nails hair
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Integumentary system job
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Prevents infection, dehydration, and regulates body temperature
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Genitourinary system organs
Genitourinary system organs
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Uterus, genitalia,kidneys, bladder
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Genitourinary system job
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Reproduction, removes waste, and regulates water balance
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Anaphylactic shock
Anaphylactic shock
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A severe allergic reaction that can restrict and swell a persons chest cavity and cause death
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Anaphylactic shock treatment
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Epipen
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Hyperventilation treatment
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Calm victim
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Pathogens
Pathogens
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A disease causing microorganism
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Bruise
Bruise
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Ecchymatic

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