Heptanal C7H14O structure

C7H14O structure
Molecular Formula C7H14O
Average mass 114.186 Da
Density 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 150.4±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 35.0±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 34.7±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 13.7±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 26.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 141.4±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      colourless to slightly yellow liquid/penetrating, oily odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Heptanal
    • Stability:

      Stable. May be light sensitive. Flammable – readily formsexplosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strongoxidizing agents, strong bases, strong reducing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 3200 mg kg-1, IPR-RAT LD50 1600 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 3200 mg kg-1, IPR-MUS LD50 400 mg kg-1, SKN-RBT LD50 > 5000 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      10-36/37/38 Alfa Aesar B23830
      23-26-37 Alfa Aesar B23830
      3 Alfa Aesar B23830
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar B23830
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar B23830
      H226-H315-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar B23830
      Irritant SynQuest 2115-1-10
      P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar B23830
      Safety glasses, good ventilation. Remove sources of ignitionfrom working area. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Warning Alfa Aesar B23830
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      905 (estimated with error: 45) NIST Spectra mainlib_341312, replib_1756, replib_157129, replib_376690, replib_229314
      880 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C=>5C/min =>220C (5min) =>3C/min =>245C(5min); CAS no: 111717; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Verma, S.C.; Srivastava, S.K.; Shawl, A.S.; Syamsundar, K.V.; Khanuja, S.P.S.; Kumar, T., Essential oil composition of Taxus wallichiana Zucc. from the Northern Himalayan region of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 772-775., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      875 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min) =>2C/min =>100C=>4C/min =>220C (7min); CAS no: 111717; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Borse, B.B.; Jagan Mohan Rao, L.; Nagalakshmi, S.; Krishnamurthy, N., Fingerprint of black teas from India: identification of the regio-specific characteristics, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 419-424.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      884 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Lal, R.K.; Tripathi, S.; Khan, M.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Srivastava, S.K., Erratum. Essential oil composition of genetically diverse stocks of Murraya koenigii from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 404., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 1276-1280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      877 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      879 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Gas Chrom P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(3), 1967, 517-524., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      882 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      876 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      881 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      878 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Kihara, S.; Nakahara, K.; Sugisawa, H., A program for predicting aliphatic compounds using linear equations of GC retention index value, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 38(10), 1991, 934-939.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      872 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: -100 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bartley, J.P., Volatile flavours of Australian tropical fruits, Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 16, 1988, 201-205.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      883 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of Castanopsis flower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 847-850., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 1276-1280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      888 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of poultry byproduct meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 831-834.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      889 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celatom AW silanized; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Nguyen, A.; Wainwright, M.S., Application of linear extrathermodynamic relationships to alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, amd ethoxy alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 179, 1979, 75-85., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of poultry byproduct meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 831-834.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      898 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of Castanopsis flower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 847-850.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      904 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 150C (10min) => 15C/min =>200C(16min) => 10C/min => 240C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromasorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(3), 1967, 517-524.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      901 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Asuming, W.A.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Descalzo, J.T.; Dev, B.C.; Dev, V.; Frost, S.; Ma, C.W., Essential oil composition of four Lomatium Raf. species and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 17-26.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      902 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lopes, D.; Strobl, H.; Kolodziejczyk, P., 14-Methylpentadecano-15-lactone (Muscolide): a new macrocyclic lactone from the oil of Angelica archangelica L., Chemistry and Biodiversity, 1, 2004, 1880-1887.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      899 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 246 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P., Systematics of smooth leaf margin Juniperus of the western hemisphere based on leaf essential oils and RAPD DNA fingerprinting, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 28, 2000, 149-162.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      851 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      903 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dickens J.C., Sexual maturation and temporal variation of neural responses in adult Colorado potato beetles to volatiles emitted by potato plants, J. Chem. Ecol., 26(5), 2000, 1265-1279.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      894 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Roussis, V.; Tsoukatou, M.; Petrakis, P.V.; Chinou, I.; Skoula, M.; Harborne, J.B., Volatile constituents of four Helichrysum species growing in Greece, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 28, 2000, 163-175.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      896 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.13 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 3. A novel method for trapping volatile components from uncured and cured pork, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(6), 1993, 933-938., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.13 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 4. Fractionation, characterization, and quantitation of volatiles from uncured and cured beef and chicken, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(6), 1993, 939-945.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      853 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      865 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      874 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      870 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1170 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 14 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Verma, S.C.; Srivastava, S.K.; Shawl, A.S.; Syamsundar, K.V.; Khanuja, S.P.S.; Kumar, T., Essential oil composition of Taxus wallichiana Zucc. from the Northern Himalayan region of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 772-775.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1181 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lopes, D.; Strobl, H.; Kolodziejczyk, P., 14-Methylpentadecano-15-lactone (Muscolide): a new macrocyclic lactone from the oil of Angelica archangelica L., Chemistry and Biodiversity, 1, 2004, 1880-1887.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1186 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mahmood, U.; Kaul, V.K.; Acharya, R., Volatile constituents of Capillipedium parviflorum, Phytochemistry, 65, 2004, 2163-2166., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2176-2180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1199.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1205.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1211.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1217.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1196 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Kihara, S.; Nakahara, K.; Sugisawa, H., A program for predicting aliphatic compounds using linear equations of GC retention index value, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 38(10), 1991, 934-939.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1188 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2176-2180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1183 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of headspace volatiles from overheated beef fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(1), 1987, 14-18.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1194 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(4), 1986, 593-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1190 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 30 min; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Wellso, S.G., Oat leaf volatiles: possible insect attractants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 30, 1982, 791-792.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1167 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Toda, H.; Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of banana-like aroma from banana shrub (Michellia figo Spreng), J. Agric. Food Chem., 30, 1982, 81-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1171 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1173 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1151 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111717; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of Castanopsis flower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 847-850.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1154 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl
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