HEED 300 Chapter 2

question

The approach to psychological research that, instead of studying mental illness, studies such things as happiness, character strengths, and healthy emotions is called
answer

positive psychology.
question

Research on positive psychology has led scientists to identify six virtues that “enable human thriving.” One of these is
answer

temperance.
question

The basic premise of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory is that people will pursue their highest potential when
answer

their basic needs are met.
question

In the hierarchy of needs pyramid, the order of human needs progresses as follows:
answer

physiological needs; safety and security; love and belongingness; self-esteem; self-actualization.
question

The highest level of Maslow’s needs hierarchy is characterized by
answer

a state of transcendence and well-being.
question

Which of the following is most strongly associated with better mental health?
answer

optimism
question

Which type of intelligence involves self-awareness and sensitivity to others?
answer

emotional
question

Mentally healthy people tend to have
answer

high self-esteem.
question

Which of the following is one of the most important factors in a mentally healthy life?
answer

social support
question

You are demonstrating a sense of self-efficacy when you believe you are
answer

in control of your circumstances
question

The ability to bounce back from an adverse event is known as
answer

resilience.
question

Your brain is not fully developed until you reach your
answer

early twenties.
question

A person suffering from depression commonly experiences
answer

fatigue.
question

Jorge has always been a top student, but lately he doesn’t enjoy school and can’t concentrate, so his grades are far lower than they could be. With which of the following conditions is Jorge most likely to be diagnosed?
answer

major depressive disorder
question

Jenna sometimes “shops till she drops,” meaning she shops on an exhilarating high until she crashes into a major depressive episode. Jenna’s behavior is most common to which disorder?
answer

bipolar
question

Geoff showers four or five times during the course of a day and washes his hands almost every time he touches something. Geoff’s behavior most closely resembles symptoms of
answer

obsessive-compulsive disorder.
question

Which of the following statements about schizophrenia is true?
answer

Brain scanning technologies reveal abnormalities in the brains of people with schizophrenia.
question

Scott, age 24, has withdrawn from most social contact and stopped dressing appropriately. When you speak with him, his conversation tends to make no sense. Of the following options, Scott is most likely to be diagnosed with
answer

schizophrenia.
question

According to the spring 2011 National College Health Assessment, ____ percent of college students seriously considered suicide in the past year.
answer

6%
question

Which of the following is a warning sign or event that often precedes a suicide attempt?
answer

social isolation
question

When a person with a physiological dependence on a substance needs higher and higher doses to achieve a high, that person is experiencing the characteristic signs of
answer

tolerance.
question

Which part of the brain activates the stress response?
answer

cerebral cortex
question

The stress response is a series of ________ that occur in the face of a threat.
answer

physiological changes
question

Which system controls our involuntary, unconscious actions?
answer

autonomic nervous system
question

Of the following bodily changes, which is associated with the stress response?
answer

increased metabolism
question

Selye proposed the General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) model to explain
answer

how organisms respond physiologically to stressors.
question

The ________ stage of the General Adaptation Syndrome is characterized by a reduction in immune system functioning that will be temporary if the stress is over quickly.
answer

alarm
question

The body can no longer keep up with the demands of the stressor in the ________ stage of the General Adaptation Syndrome.
answer

exhaustion
question

Long-term exposure to stress can damage the cardiovascular system by causing
answer

chronic high blood pressure.
question

Iraq war veteran Mallory was diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder based on the fact that her symptoms were
answer

not apparent until a year after she returned home.
question

Which of the following is considered the least severe of the stress-related disorders?
answer

adjustment disorder
question

An achievement orientation is associated with which personality type?
answer

Type A
question

Which of the following personality types describes people who are impulsive, need to get things done quickly, and live their lives on a time schedule?
answer

Type A
question

Among Type A individuals, the trait that appears to be most harmful to health is
answer

hostility.
question

Kristi’s friends all describe her as cool and less easily frustrated. Kristi most likely has which type of personality type?
answer

Type B
question

Which of the following statements displays “hardiness”?
answer

“My new professor is difficult, but I know that if I work hard enough I’ll learn a lot from her.”
question

________ is a style of coping with stress that features a positive outlook, a sense of commitment, and a sense of control.
answer

Hardiness
question

Holmes and Rahe created the Social Readjustment Scale to measure a person’s
answer

risk of developing stress-related illnesses.
question

Daily hassles, such as arguments and car problems, can cause health problems when
answer

you don’t have a period of recovery.
question

Based on one survey of college students, approximately ____ percent feel that stress has affected their academic performance.
answer

30%
question

During times of high stress, college students tend to
answer

overeat or eat unhealthy “comfort” foods.
question

The concept central to ________ is to calm the mind, cleanse the body, and raise awareness through activities involving posture, breathing, and body and mind awareness.
answer

yoga
question

________ are positive thoughts that one can write down or say to oneself to balance negative thoughts.
answer

Affirmations
question

Gathering of information about your heart rate, breathing, and skin temperature in order to recognize stress response symptoms is a technique referred to as
answer

biofeedback.
question

The concept central to ________ is to promote the flow of life energy throughout the body.
answer

t’ai chi
question

According to Kübler-Ross, when a person believes he or she is in the process of dying, he/she passes through five stages. Which of the following is the linear order originally presented by Kübler-Ross?
answer

denial and isolation; anger; bargaining; depression; acceptance
question

Which of the following is NOT a symptom of grief?
answer

eustress
question

Kathleen’s brother passed away six months ago. Recently, Kathleen has been imagining herself having conversations with her brother as if he were still alive. What phase of bereavement is she most likely experiencing?
answer

separation
question

It’s been two years since Frank’s mother passed away but he still finds that he has trouble concentrating on anything for too long and often feels tired. What phase of bereavement is he most likely experiencing?
answer

disorganization
question

Which of the following is recommended for someone who has just lost a loved one?
answer

Eat well, exercise, and get plenty of rest.
question

Bereavement typically involves four phases. Which of the following is NOT one of the four phases?
answer

depression

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member