Health Study

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Which of the following BEST describe the role of capillaries?
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They exchange oxygen,waste,and nutrients with cells
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MOST of the heart’s pumping action occurs in the __
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Ventricles
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The purpose of the coronary arteries is to
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Supply the heart muscles with oxygenated blood
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The six controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease are smoking, physical activity, blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, and
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Blood cholesterol
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Which of the following cardiovascular risk factors CANNOT be changed
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Heredity
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Coronary heart disease is
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Damage to the blood vessels that supply the heart
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A heart attack occurs when
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The heart muscles does not receive an adequate supply of blood and oxygen
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The death of part of the heart muscle as a result of blockage in one or more of the coronary arteries is known as a
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Myocardial infarction
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The most common symptom of a heart attack is
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Chest pain lasting more than two minutes
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A painful condition caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries is called
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Angina pectoris
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Whoch of the following is TRUE regarding low-density lipoproteins?
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They are a significant cause of atherosclerosis
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Hypertension is a
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Consistently elevated blood pressure
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Which of the following BEST describes the symptoms of hypertension?
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Lack of noticeable symptoms
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Reducing dietary salt is an effective way to reduce hypertension
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For about one in four americans
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The most common type of stroke is
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Cerebrovascular occlusion
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Which of the following characterizes all strokes?
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They occur in the brain
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A condition called an aneurysm occurs when a
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Weakened artery wall bulges out at the weak point
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Approximately how many people in the United States develop cancer each year?
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Over 1,400,000
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At its most basic, cancer is a(n)
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Uncontrolled replication of abnormal cells
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To cause cancer, a mutation, carcinogen, or virus
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Must alter genetic information in cells
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What is meant by the fact that cancer cells lack contact inhibition?
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They dont stop reproducing when they have filled a space
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A tumor that does not spread to other sites in the body is labeled
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Benign
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You can reproduce your risk of developing melanoma by
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Protecting yourself from excessive exposure to the sun
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Hepatoma is cancer of the
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Liver
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What percentage of lung cancer victims are smokers
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85-90 percent
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The most effective tool for identifying breast cancer is
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Mammography
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The most effective and currently available screening method for cervical cancer is
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The Pap test
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Uterine cancer is
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Cancer of the wall of the uterus
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Which of the following is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among American men
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Prostate cancer
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The greatest risk factor for prostate cancer among men is
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Age
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One of the most common symptoms of prostate cancer is
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Difficult in urinating
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Fred detects small lump on one of his testicles and naturally wonders if he has cancer. He should be most suspicious if it
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Is painless
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The second leading cause of cancer in males is ___ cancer
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Colon
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The major cause of skin cancer is
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Chronic exposure to sunlight when young
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To protect your skin from unhealthy exposure to the sun’s rays,you should use a sun block lotion with a skin protection factor (spf) of at least ___.
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15
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A from of dementia caused by the gradual loss of brain function is referred to as
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Alzheimer’s disease
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Both major types of diabetes occur because of
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The body’s inability to regulate blood sugar
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Which of the following is NOT a symptom of the advanced stage of Alzheimer’s disease?
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Mild depression
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A type of inflammatory bowel disease in which there is an erosive deterioration of the inner surface of the intestinal wall is ____ disease.
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Crohn’s
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The general term for a disease-causing agent is
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Pathogen
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The general term for the environment in which an infectious agent grows and thrives is its
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Reservoir
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Which of the following is NOT a form of direct transmission?
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Drinking from a friend’s water glass
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You are cleaning your garage when you find a place where deer mice have nested. You are aware that they carry hantavirus, so your best option is to
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Soak the nest with disinfectant or bleach before removing and destroying it
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The West Nile virus is
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Transmitted to humans via mosquitoes
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In the vagina, toxic shock syndrome occurs when
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Certain staphylococcal bacteria invade the bloodstream through the vaginal wall
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Sperm make up about __ percent of the volume of semen
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5
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Female analog to male penis is the
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Clitoris
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The female’s vagina is sensitive to sexual stimulation for about the first__ of its length
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One-third
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Endometriosis is
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An abnormal development of endomentrial tissue outside the uterus
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The best time in the menstrual cycle for Tom and Mary to try to conceive is at the
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End of the preovulation phase
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Hot flashes during menopause are caused by
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Blood vessel dilation
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The human sperm is viable in the female reproductive tract for long as
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One week

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