Health Exam Cards Ch. 9

question

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes all of the following conditions, EXCEPT
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laryngitis.
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Which of the following statements is TRUE about smoking cessation?
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The risk of smoking-related heart attack can fall by half within a year.
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The decline in one’s senses of smell and taste that result from smoking tobacco will gradually return when one stops smoking.
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True
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Smoking reduces the effectiveness of some medications, particularly anti-anxiety drugs and penicillin.
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True
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Individuals who quit smoking before age 50 cut their risk from dying within the next 15 years in half.
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True
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Which population group tends to drink very little or abstain from alcohol because of a biological reaction to alcohol? Hispanic Americans
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Asian Americans
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You drank far too much last night, and as a result this morning you feel like you have a bad case of the flu. The best way to cope with your hangover is to
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take a painkiller and rest until you feel better.
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Alcohol use is a factor in about ________ of suicides in the United States.
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1/3
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Your friend was arrested for drunken driving; police said they had smelled alcohol on his breath. How is this possible?
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he body excretes some alcohol directly into exhaled air.
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Which of the following is the first recommended step in creating a behavior change plan for alcohol use?
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record your current drinking patterns
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Which of the following is TRUE of cigar smoking?
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Cigars contain more nicotine than cigarettes.
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What is the typical number of pounds gained when a person stops smoking?
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7-10 pounds
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Approximately _____ percent of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking.
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87
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Nearly four of every five smokers want to quit smoking.
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true
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Which of the following is a common harm reduction approach to tobacco use?
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increasing taxes on the sale of tobacco products
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Which of the following is TRUE of alcohol-induced cirrhosis?
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It usually takes about 10 years of steady, heavy drinking for cirrhosis to develop.
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All of the following statements are TRUE about the health benefits of moderate alcohol consumption, EXCEPT
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the type of alcoholic beverage is more important than the pattern of drinking.
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Alcohol is associated with a number of cancers, particularly cancers of the head and neck, digestive tract, and breast.
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true
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Alcohol is more likely than any other drug to be associated with violence.
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true
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Alcohol drinking has been shown to be a factor in about one-third of suicides.
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true
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The average number of attempts required for successful smoking cessation is
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7
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The ultimate goal of nicotine replacement therapy is to
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gradually wean the smoker off nicotine dependence.
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Dieting is not recommended while trying to quit smoking.
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true
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Using nicotine replacement therapy decreases one’s chances of success in quitting.
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false
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The smoking cessation drugs Chantix and Zyban are classified as nicotine replacement therapies.
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false
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Which of the following statements regarding alcohol use in the United States is TRUE?
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About one-third of adults call themselves abstainers.
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Which of the following statements is TRUE about ethnic differences in alcohol use?
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Socioeconomic and environmental factors influence ethnic differences in alcohol use.
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Alcoholism is recognized by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services as the number one health problem for which population?
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native americans
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College binge drinkers are more likely to meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence 10 years after college.
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true
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Binge drinking on college campuses is most strongly influenced by
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the social environment
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The tobacco industry’s 1998 Master Settlement Agreement with the states resulted in
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advertising restrictions and payments to the states for tobacco education.
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Why are lower-tar, lower-nicotine “light” cigarettes considered as dangerous as regular cigarettes?
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Smokers will smoke more light cigarettes to get the same results they got from regular cigarettes.
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States have determined that they have no grounds to sue tobacco companies.
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false
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Lower-tar cigarettes are safer than regular cigarettes.
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false
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Consumption of cigarettes decreases as they become more expensive through taxation and other such measures.
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true
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One drink is defined by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism as ___________ ounce(s) of alcohol.
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0.5
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Alcohol is removed from the liver at a rate of ________ ounce per hour.
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1/2
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Alcohol abuse can lead directly to all of the following, EXCEPT
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lung cancer
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You have been successfully treated for alcoholism. Which of the following is true?
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You will probably always have an urge to drink, however mild.
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Setting goals is important to behavior change.
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true
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The smoking rate for adults in the United States has leveled off at approximately _____ percent.
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20
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A common symptom of nicotine’s effect on the brain is
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heightened alertness
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Smoking is estimated to play a role in ______ percent of all cancer deaths.
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30
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Nicotine replacement therapy is safer than smoking.
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true
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The nonsmokers’ rights movement arose as a result of
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a growing concern about tobacco’s health hazards.
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Most mental health experts agree that controlled drinking is the most effective approach for recovery from alcoholism.
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false
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Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding relapse prevention from alcoholism?
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The challenge of relapse may be caused by alcohol-induced changes in the brain.
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A practice that has substantially increased compliance with drunk-driving laws is
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sobriety checkpoints
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Taxation of alcoholic beverages reduces consumption by underage and moderate drinkers.
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true
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In 2008, a collection of college and university presidents and chancellors joined to form the Amethyst Initiative (AI), which seeks to spark a national debate about whether the current legal drinking age of 21 is actually an effective way to keep teens from drinking.
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true
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Which of the following is NOT one of the questions physicians might ask when trying to identify individuals at risk for alcohol problems?
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Have you ever been arrogant about your drinking tolerance?
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If you answer yes to one or more of the questions on the CAGE questionnaire, you may be at risk for alcohol dependence.
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true
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The first step in changing your behavior around alcohol is to set specific goals.
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false
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Which of the following is the best way to break a pattern of excessive alcohol use?
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Set goals for change.
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Behavior change plans do not include what you will do when you are tempted to have a drink.
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false
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Which of the following statements about tobacco is TRUE?
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Tobacco smoke contains dozens of cancer-causing substances.
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Of the carcinogenic substances in tobacco smoke, which is the most damaging to the lungs?
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tar
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Which of the following statements is TRUE about nicotine?
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In the brain, it stimulates the release of adrenaline and endorphins.
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Every day, an additional 4,000 teenagers under age 18 light up their first cigarette.
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true
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Today, more females than males (over the age of eighteen) smoke.
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false
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Key reinforcers of nicotine addiction to cigarettes include all of the following, EXCEPT
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elief from cold and flu symptoms.
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Withdrawal symptoms that occur when you try to quit smoking can typically include all of the following, EXCEPT
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lack of appetite.
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Which of the following statements about the short-term effects of smoking on the body is TRUE?
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Nicotine causes constriction of blood vessels.
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Individuals who stop smoking typically lose between 7 and 10 pounds until they adjust to not having nicotine in their system.
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false
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Every day, the tobacco industry loses 4,600 smokers, either to quitting or to death.
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true
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All of the following factors increase the absorption of alcohol, EXCEPT
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nicotine
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Which of the following statements about the metabolizing of alcohol is TRUE?
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Alcohol that is not immediately metabolized circulates throughout the body.
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Death can result from alcohol intoxication beginning at a blood alcohol content level of about ____
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0.35
question

Travis passed out on the floor after a drinking contest, and now you can not wake him. The best thing you can do for him is
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call 911
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A 150-pound lean person will have a lower blood alcohol content (BAC) than a 150-pound fat person who drinks the same amount of alcohol.
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true
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According to the data in the graphs, which age group below reported the highest percentage of having “drank heavily in the last month”?
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21-25
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According to the data in the text, college enrollment has no bearing on the binge-drinking habits of 18- to 20-year-old Americans.
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false

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