Health – Flashcard Answers

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Writing a contract for a behavior change involves all except the following…
Identifying consequences of failure to reach the established goal

An example of taking action to modify the environment and support health behaviors
Encouraging legislators to increase the number of non-smoking areas, serving nonalcoholic drinks at parties, and voting for measures that reduce air pollution.

The pre contemplation stage is characterized by
the belief that there is no need to change.

The best plan for behavior change
works at change systematically

Which of the following health journal information would be little benefit when promoting personal behavior change?
Identifying other people’s reactions to your behavior

If a person at work has said she’s trying to lose weight, but is constantly being “derailed” by others bringing in high calorie snacks, it would be fair to say this person does NOT
have the support to change

Stacie has identified gambling as a target behavior because it interferes with her schoolwork. To aid her in stopping this behavior, she may need to
find outside help

Income and education are closely linked to health status. The _____ the poverty rate andthe ______ the education rate, the better the health
lower, higher

Many health issues occur at the same rate for men and women
false

The treatment proven to be most effective against common day health threats is
prevention

Working toward realistic goals will increase your chances of success
true

Behavior choices and actions impact only the health and wellness of the individual.
false

Expecting success in behavior changes actually decreases the chances of success
false

To help ensure success in a behavior change program, you should
develop a reward system

A person who is devoutly religious is assured of good spiritual health
false

the first step to improving wellness by lifestyle management is to
begin with a self assessment

What is a positive social influence on health behaviors?
Supportive friends

Knowledge about health is all you need to undertake a behavior change
false

Which one of the following qualities contributes positively to ones physical wellness?
Eating a balanced diet

Protecting yourself from being exposed to toxic substances in the workplace is an example of _______ wellness
Environmental

Laughter may be the best medicine for stress because after a good laugh your
muscles are relaxed

The system of glands, tissues and cells that help maintain body functions by releasing hormones is
endocrine system

The more intense the emotional response to a stressor, the ______ the physical response will be
stronger

Progressive relaxation is best described by which of the following statements?
It is the process that uses simple tensing and relaxing of muscles.

The long term wear and tear of the stress response is called
the allostatic load

Tom is very stressed about an upcoming exam. He has no appetite, is easily distracted, and has a headache. In what stage of the general adaptation process is Tom?
Alarm

Endorphins are body produced chemicals that relieve pain in case of injury
true

The parasympathetic branch of the autonomic system
aids in digestion and promoting growth

Which of the following systems are responsible for your body’s physical response to stressors?
nervous and endocrine

The personality type associated with relaxation and contemplation is
Type B

There is very little research linking stress to psychological problems such as depression and panic attacks
False

Once a stressful situation ends, your parasympathetic nervous system
slows breathing

Individuals with psychological hardiness view stressors as opportunities for growth
true

According to your text, a person seeking to overcome procrastination should
divide tasks into groups that can be prioritized

Regular physical activity trains your body to return to homeostasis more quickly after a stressful situation
true.

Which of the following stress management techniques concentrate on breathing, stretching and balancing?
Hatha yoga

Women and men experience stress differently
true

The term stress refers to
situations that can trigger physical and emotional reactions

homeostasis is the body’s state of normalcy
true

Which of the following is a hormone involved in the regulation of mood and social interaction?
Oxytocin

Expressing wishes forcefully, but not hostilely, is
assertive

Our early identity models are most likely to be
our parents

An example of compulsion is
constant and repetitive hand washing

A condition that causes people to fear future threats, pushing out all other thoughts, is
generalized anxiety disorder

Which of the following is NOT a recommended strategy for heading off explosive anger?
Having a drink

Symptoms of PTSD
Involve re-experiencing the trauma in dreams and intrusive memories

A defensive mechanism by which unacceptable inner impulses are attributed to others is
projecting

The stage of Erik Erikson’s model of psychological development are experience
sequentially

Being able to engage in open communication and risk having hurt feelings is necessary for developing a capacity for intimacy
True

It is important not to discuss suicide in front of someone you believe is contemplating suicide because you may give him or her ideas
false

characteristic of self actualized person.
Largely able to accept themselves and others

Most likely to separate those individuals with psychological disorders from those who enjoy good psychological health
denying the reality of problems

Stability, as it relates to self esteem, is best described as,
an integration of the self

Which of the following is a risk factor that increases the risk of suicide?
Suicide of a family member or friend

Expecting the worst and expecting perfection are both examples of negative self-talk?
True

An obsession is a ______ thought
Recurrent and unwanted

The ability to share feelings without the fear of rejection from another is most closely associated with
capacity for intimacy

Which of the following is a characteristic of depression?
Loss of pleasure in doing formerly pleasurable things

According to Maslow, basic human needs are ranked in the following order as they decrease in urgency
physiological needs, safety, need to be loved, maintaining self esteem, self actualization

A thinking pattern common to demoralizing individuals is an all-or-nothing view of events
True.

The birth of the first child is most likely to
lessen marital satisfaction

Today, people marry more
for personal, emotional reasons

Which is common expectation that can hurt a a relationship?
expecting your partner to change

research has clearly identified the best way to rear a child
false

Individuals who had an anxious/ ambivalent relationship with a parent may find that, as adults, they
worry about being abandoned by others.

Most love relationships change over time
True

Friendships usually include all of the following characteristics, EXCEPT
Passion

The foundation of most relationships is sexual compatability
False

Jealousy is
a measure of insecurity

If you want to pursue an online relationship
find out the other person’s situation and intention

Life partners will usually have more similarities than differences
True

The roots of our identity and sense of self are in our
childhood

The most long lasting element of love is
Commitment

Which of the following is an argument in support of male circumcision?
It reduces the risk of contracting STD’s later in life

The fallopian tubes link the
ovaries and uterus

Sex addiction is similar to gambling and substance addictions
True

Areas of the body that are sensitive to touch are called
erogenous zones

The purpose of female genital cutting is to promote cleanliness
False

The period during which the male and female reproductive systems mature is called
puberty

The external female sex organs are called
vulva

Between what ages does testicular cancer most frequently occur?
20-39

The 3rd stage of sexual response cycle is the ____ phase
orgasmic

Ovulation usually occurs
about 14 days before the onset of menses

Sexuality diminishes with age
False

Genetic females are XY and genetic males are XX
False

The best current explanation for the development of sexual orientation is
a complex, interrelated set of biological, psychological and social factors

After insertion, the NuvaRing is left in the vagina for____ before removal
3 weeks

Emergency contraceptives are designed for emergency use only and should not be used as a regular contraceptive method
True

Because of the expense of female condoms, doctors recommend women rinse out and reuse the condoms
false

Men who undergo vasectomies are at risk for feminization of secondary sex characteristics due to altering hormone production
fase

A contraceptive that physically blocks the sperm from reaching the egg is
a barrier method

Which of the following is probably the most serious disadvantage of oral contraceptives for most women?
They provide no protection against STDs

Oral contraceptives primarily prevent conception by
preventing ovulation by mimicking the hormonal activity of the corpus luteum

Which of the following can be used for emergency contraception?
Plan B

The Ortho Evra contraceptive skin patch can be worn on any of the following places, except the
breast

The US rate of teen pregnancy is much lower than the rate in other developing countries
False

Condoms are packaged with an expiration date
true

the psychological effects of abortion are predictable in most women
false

A newer abortion option avaialble in some locations to women in the earliest stage of pregnancy is
manual vacuum aspiration

medicaid is available to pay for abortions under any circumstances
false

Among supporters of the pro-choice position, the concepts of pro-choice and pro-abortion are synonymous with each other
false

Pro-life advocates argue that a woman is responsible for her sexual behavior and is morally obligated to carry a pregnancy through its entirety unless it poses a direct threat to her physical health
true

A fetus is considered potentially viable after 24 or more weeks of gestation
True

As iti s commonly used, the words abortion means
Artificially induced expulsion of the fetus

The attitude of most adult americans toward abortion is
that it should continue to be legal

The Supreme Court case that legalizes abortion was
Reo vs. Wade

__________ is a spontaneous expulsion of an embryo or a fetus from the uterus occurring naturally with no causal intervention
miscarriage

The third trimester is the period of greatest physical stress.
True

The hollow organ in which the blastocyst embeds itself is the
uterus

Which of the following should be assessed during preconception care?
Genetic diseases, prior pregnancies, diet

The risk for infertility in women increases with age
true

Which of the following is NOT a primary reason for male factor infertility?
Age

_________ is collecting and concentrating the man’s sperm and introducing it by syringe into a woman’s vagina or uterus.
Artificial Insemination

An ovum or a sperm has _______ chromosomes
23

Smoking may cause infertility in men by reducing sperm counts and increasing the number of abnormal sperms
true

Contraception normally occurs in the
fallopian tube

Fraternal twins
are no more alike than other siblings

Sickle-cell disease is well known to affect African Americans, but what other ethnic group is also greatly affected by this disease?
Hispanic Americans

Identical twins
share the same genetic code

The _______ provides a two-day exchange of nutrients and waste materials between the mother and the fetus.
Placenta

The use of drugs for both medical and social purposes is widespread in American society
true

Antianxiety agents are also known as
tranquilizers

An addiction often starts when a person does something that he or she thinks will be pleasurable
true

All of the following are potential effects of cocaine use during pregnancy, EXCEPT
increased birth weight

When Meg does not drink alcohol, she experiences tremors and shaking. She is experiencing
Withdrawal

John, who is 14 years old, is somewhat small for his age and is often teased by his peers. He has recently become involved with a new peer group that is known to use alcohol and marijuana. What factor has probably and the most influence on John’s decision to become involved with drugs?
Peer acceptance

Not a psychoactive drug
Aspirin

NOT a CNS Stimulant
Alcohol

Having a response to an inert substance given in place of an active drug is called
the placebo effect

Syringe exchange programs have no effect on decreasing the spread of hepatitis and HIV
False

Psychoactive drug
alters a person’s experiences or consciousness

Narcotics is another term for
opioids

Barbiturates are used medicinally for all of the following, EXCEPT
to control psychoses

Injecting drugs increases the users risk of all the following, EXCEPT
herpes

Best describes the phenomenon known as state dependence
It is a situation whereby information learned in a drug induced state is difficult to recall when the individual is not under the influence of the drug.

Method of taking a drug that will reach the brain in the least about of time
inhaling

Evidence indicates that the most probable long-term effect of smoking marijuana is
damage to the respiratory system

the active component in marijuana is
THC

Hugging is a term used for placing an inhalant-soaked rag into ones mouth
true

A psychological risk factor for drug dependence is
difficulty controlling impulses

A cold shower will help sober somebody
false

Having high percent body fat helps you metabolize alcohol faster
false

Beer usually contains about what percentage of alcohol
5%

Denis’s friend Alicia is heavily intoxicated. Dennis should call 911 if she
doesn’t wake up when he shakes her

WHat BAC are you likely to begin feeling the effects of alcohol
.04%

A light beer contains about the same amount of alcohol as a regular beer
true

The rate of alcohol metabolism is largely determined by genetic factors
true

The symptoms of a hangover can include diarrhea and impaired mental function
true

You and your good friend melanie are out at a bar and she’s drunk. You should
stay with her to make sure nothing and happens

Evidence suggest that alcohol consumption may have both good and bad consequences for the cardiovascular system
true

legal limit for BAC in the US
.08%

What can slow the rate of alcohol absorption into the bloodstream
food in the stomach

Alcohol is metabolized
at a varied rate depending on individual characteristics

higher a person’s BAC, the greater the level of intoxication
true

The amount of alcohol in the blood is called
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC)

Through what part of the body is most alcohol absorbed into the blood stream?
Small intestine

Which of the following a good strategy for protecting yourself if you suspect another driver is drunk?
Maintain a safe distance and stay alert

Alcohol can act as a stimulate because it depresses the inhibitory centers of the brain
true

the effects of fetal alcohol syndrome are
both physical and mental imparement

the proof value of an alcoholic beverage is _______ the percentage of alcohol in the beverage
two times

smokers who switch to low-tar or low-nicotine cigarettes
are likely to begin smoking more cigarettes

the usual light or low tar cigarettes reduces the risk of smoking related illness
false

People who smoke are generally unaware of the consequences of their behavior
false

clove cigarettes
contain more tar and nicotine than regular cigarettes

which of the following best describes the quitting process
Most smokers attempt to quit several times before they finally succeed

Which of the following best describes the reason that tobacco use persists in the US
The tobacco industry has powerful lobbyists

An ingredient in tobacco smoke that seriously limits the body’s ability to use oxygen is
carbon monoxide

On average, how many minutes can a regular user of tobacco go between doses of nicotine before experiencing negative effects
40 minutes

which substance can linger in the bloodstream for 5 hours after exposure to eta?
Carbon monoxide

The primary reason people continue to use tobacco despite the health risks is
nicotine addiction

The average age at which americans begin to smoke is
15

Which of the following is a good way to quit smoking?
chew gum or healthy snacks

Coronary heart disease the is most common single cause of death for smokers
true

Evidence suggest that the tobacco industry effectively advertises its products to adolescents
True

Lynette, a regular smoker, has not had a cigarette for nearly two hours. Which of the following is she likely to experience?
Irritability

Recent neurological studies indicate nicotine acts on the brain in much the same way as cocaine and heroine.
True

Which of the following best describes environmental tobacco smoke?
It has been linked to sudden infant death syndrome

Which of the following best describes the relationship between smoking and pregnancy?
Maternal smoking causes hundreds of infant deaths each.

People who do not have a high school diploma are more likely to smoke than people who have a Bachelors Degree.
True

To increase the chance of success when attempting to quit smoking, you should
tell your family and friends you want support.

The main structural components of the body, muscles, and bones are made up of
proteins

Minerals
help regulate body functions

Some vitamins are dangerous when ingested in excess
True

The leading source of added sugar in the American diet is
sugar.

Fat provides ______ calories per gram
9

Foods from most plant sources supply _____ proteins
incomplete

Fiber can help
prevent constipation by increasing fecal bulk, manage diabetes by slowing the movement of glucose into the blood, reduce the absorption of cholesterol

The FDA requires special labeling for foods from genetically modified or cloned sources in all states in the US
False

Omega-3 fatty acids decrease the inflammatory response in the body
true

The building blocks of proteins are called
amino acids

if air temp is 75 degrees, cooked or refrigerated foods should not be left at room temp longer than
2 hours

Whole grain bread is more nutrient dense than white bread
true

The use of food irradiation is not permitted on foods certified as organic
true

Carbs are classified as simple and complex
true

Vitamins
regulate various chemical reactions within cells

Excess protein intake can increase fat stores
true

FDA tests dietary supplements for purity and potency
False

Consumption of whole grains has been linked to
Reduced risk of heart disease, reduced risk of certain forms of cancer, reduced risk of diabetes

Essential nutrients are produced by the body
false

The true food allergy is a reaction of the body’s immune system to a food or food ingredient
true

Exercise has social, emotional and psychological benefits
True

An individual considering using dietary supplements or drugs to enhance performance should understand that
the long-term effects of many supplements are unknown.

Footwear is an important piece of equipment for almost any activity
true

People with chronic health conditions or concerns should not exercise
false

all of the following are health-related components of physical fitness, EXCEPT
coordination

The body’s ability to respond or adapt to the demands and stress of physical effort denotes
physical fitness

Endurance exercise provides protection against the negative effects of stress
true

the best way to lose fat is through a lifestyle that includes a sensible diet and exercise
True

The recommended amount of fluid to drink during heavy exercise is
8 oz for every 30 minutes of exercise

To keep from losing gains in fitness, it is necessary to maintain intensity levels
true

After an injury, heat should be used for the first 48 hours or until the swelling is gone
false

Exercise improves memory and learning
True

Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding exercise and disease prevention
regular exercise reduces the risk of stroke, weight-bearing exercises provides women protection against osteoporosis, and exercise prevents the development of type 2 diabetes

The principle of reversibility says your body adjusts to lower levels of physical activity in the same way it adjusts to higher levels
true

Stretching exercises should ideally be performed
5-7 days a week

For people who need to prevent weight gain, lose weight, or maintain weight loss, 30 minutes of physical activity per day may not be enough
True

All of the following are cardiorespiratory endurance activities EXCEPT
weight training

Men build larger muscles than women do through weight training because men have higher levels of testosterone
true

Target heart rate is the range of rates in which you should exercise to obtain cardiorespiratory endurance
true

The ability of the body to perform prolonged, large-muscle dynamic exercise at moderate to high levels of intensity is
cardiorespiratory endurance

According to standards issued by the National Institutes of Health, a healthy BMI is between
18.5 and 24.9

According to a long-term study of women, being even mildly overweight can increase our risk of corny heart disease
true

Psychological problems stemming from obesity include all of the following, EXCEPT
schizophrenia

An eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by purging
bulimia nervosa

The skin fold measurement technique for determining body fat composition involves measuring fat found under the skin
true

Regular physical activity is essential for maintaining weight loss
true

Men tend to have higher rates of obesity at higher income levels than do women
True

A condition called the female athlete triad consists of all the following except
muscle dysmorphia

a person has control over both parts of the energy equation
true

a condition characterized by extreme dissatisfaction with appearance, body type, and/or body composition is
body dysmorphic disorder

Not a character of binge-eating disorder
purging

An important weight management strategy is to eat small, frequent meals
True

A healthy problem associated with bulimia is tooth decay
true

A person with diabetes may benefit from all of the following, EXCEPT
increasing intake of refined carbohydrates

For many americans, maintaining weight loss is a bigger challenge than losing weight
true

Even processed foods labeled “fat free” or “reduced fat” may
be high in calories

Energy density of foods refers to the number of calories per gram of weight
True

Treatment of eating disorders usually involves a combination of psychotherapy and medical management
True

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of visceral fat
It is not associated with increased health risks

Hormones play no significant role in the accumulation of body fat
false

Arteries carry blood away from the heart
true

When the heart contracts, called ____, blood pressure increases; when it relaxes, called ____ BP decreases
systole, diastole

The 2 upper chambers of th heart in which blood collects before passing to the lower chambers are called
atria

An arrhythmia is
an irregular heartbeat

Which of the following combinations would place someone at greatest risk of cardiovascular disease?
low HDL and high LDL

Which of the following is not a heart healthy food choice
red meat

what type of stroke is caused by the rupture of a blood vessel on the brains surface resulting in bleeding into the space between the brain and the skull
subarachnoid hemorrhage

The most common congenital heart defect in children is
having holes in the walls that divide the ventricles or atria

The aorta is the body’s largest artery
true

It is possible to have high BP for years without knowing it.
True

# of chambers in the heart
4

Chest pain caused by lack of oxygen to the heart
angina

Coronary artery becomes clogged
Heart attack

BP reading that would be considered optimal for a young adult
110/70

Test that measures the electrical activity of the heart
electrocardiogram

When a malignant tumor spreads to sites distant from the primary tumor, the process is known as
metastasis

Prostate cancers can be detected by a physical exam and blood test
true

A tumor that is NOT cancerous is called
benign

The most dangerous form of skin cancer is
melanoma

breast cancer is linked to alcohol consumption
true

Malignant tumors are classified according to the types of cells that gives rise to them
true

Cancer of the lining of the uterus is called ____ cancer
endometrial

Leukemia is cancer of the
blood-forming cells

Use of tanning lamps is not linked to skin cancer because tanning lamps emit a safe form of UV radiation
False

The majority of brain cancers develop for no apparent reason
true

regular exercise reduces the risk of colon cancer
true

Severe sunburns in childhood are a risk factor for skin cancer in adulthood
True

Scraping cells from the cervix for examination to screen for cancerous changes is called
a pap test

lymphoma is cancer of the lymph nodes, part of the body’s
infection-fighting system

A physician who specializes in the study of tumors is
an oncologist

The two main types of lymphocytes are T cells and B cells
true

A common bacterium found on the skin in healthy people but capable of causing infection if it enters the body is
staphylococcus

Fred has a red, rose throat with white patches on tonsils, etc.
Streptococcus

Some of the common allergens include dust mites, mold, mildew and insect stings
true

Stress may decrease T cell responses and antibody levels
true

anaphylaxis is a minor side effect of allergies
false

multiple sclerosis is an example of an autoimmune disease
true

tetanus is also known as
lockjaw

failing to finish a script of antibiotics is a factor in the development of antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria
true

an infection that travels throughout the body is called
systemic

microscopic, hairlike structures that sweep foreign substances out of the lungs
cilia

generally, antibiotics are useful against
bacteria

An organism that causes disease is
pathogen

which of the following statements regarding the common cold is true
can be caused by more than 200 different viruses

One of the best ways to break the chain of infection is
washing hands

pubic lice is difficult to transmit
false

an infection that progresses from vagina to cervix to infect the pelvic cavity and fallopian tubes is called
pelvic inflammatory disease

Which one of the following statements is TRUE regarding gonorhea
most women with gonorrhea have no symptoms

which of the following statements is TRUE regarding genital herpes
After infection, the virus lies dormant in nerve cells and can reactivate at any time, can be transmitted to a sex partner even if no lesions are present and is a major risk factor in the transmission of HIV worldwide

Worldwide, the most common route of HIV infection is
heterosexual contact

people infected with chlamydia are often symptom free, which increases the chance of their infecting other people
True

Dementia, cardiovascular damage, blindness and death are possible complications of
Tertiary syphilis

The most effective approach to avoiding STDs is
abstinence

Typical symptoms of trichomoniasis in women include
greenish, fourth smelling vaginal discharge

The average asymptomatic or latency phase of HIV is 11 years
True

Gonorrhea and chlamydia have similar symptoms and consequences if untreated
true

People with AIDS are vulnerable to a number of serious and often fatal opportunistic diseases
true

The incubation period of HPV is
1 month to 2 years from the time of contact

Which one of the following statements is FALSE regarding the global spread of HIV/AIDS?
Asia and Africa are on par with each other in terms of the number of people living with HIV

The riskiest sexual activity for contracting HIV is
being the receptive partner during unprotected anal intercourse.

Which of the following is not considered a factor in major smog occurrences
moderate winds

By 2050, the US population will exceed ____ people
400 million

an aluminum can might take up to 100 years to biodegrade in a landfill
true

in the US, the biggest component of household trash by weight is
paper products

Houseplants can help reduce concentrations of indoor air pollutants
true

Key sources of chlorofluorocarbons are solvents, refrigerants, and propellents
True

the US has a relatively small percentage of the worlds population but uses 1/4 of the world’s total energy
True

Noise pollution can cause hearing loss and stress-related illness
true

The ultimate solution to the problem of garbage is
reduced consumption

What is the process by which organic substances are broken down naturally by living organisms
biodegration

The EPA’s Air Quality Index is used for all of the following, except
natural gas

Most of the world’s energy comes from nonrenewable sources
True

which of the following statements about air pollution is false?
Nuclear energy seems to be the solution to air pollution

A gas or vapor that traps infrared radiation instead of allowing it to escape through the atmosphere is called an
greenhouse gas

Sanitary landfills are primarily used to dispose of
solid waste

“Sustainable development” refers to development that meets society’s current needs and
allows future generations to meet theirs

Levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases are rising because of
combustion of fossil fuels

Electronic itms, batteries and fluorescent lights should be disposed of in the regular trash
false

Which is the fastest-growing portion of the US waste stream?
e-waste

The most obvious depletion of the ozone layer has occurred over
Antarctica

The type of insurance plan in which physicians may have a financial incentive to order more tests and treatments for their patients is a
fee-for-service plan

Marc has had a fever for two days. Which of the following is likely to be Marc’s best option for addressing this symptom?
Self-treatment

The most commonly used form of manual healing is
chiropractic

Single-ingredient over-the-counter remedies are recommended over combination products.
True

Which of the following is needed to effectively manage one’s medical problems
Learn to be a good observer and assess your symptoms, when to seek professional advice, and how to safely self-treat common medical issues.

If you have a cough that lasts for 3 weeks, you should consult a physician
true

A gov’t health insurance program for americans over 65
medicare

medicaid is a health care program that covers low-income people
true

Western researchers might explain the effects of acupuncture as being the result of
release of hormones and neurotransmitters

Jen has been stung by a bee and can’t breath well
go to the ER

People without insurance are less likely to obtain
childhood immunizations, eyeglasses, treatment for chronic conditions like asthma.

The national center for complementary and alternative medicine advises consumers to consult with their conventional health care provider before beginning complementary therapies
true

In PPOs, participating physicians and hospitals provide treatment at feast hat are below their usual charges.
True

Therapies or practices that do NOT form part of conventional health care are claled
Complementary and alternative medicine

West medicine traditionally relies on the use of _____ to treat and cure disease
Pharmaceuticals

Joan’s doctor has recommended she have heart surgery. Which of the following would be an important question she should ask her doctor?
What to expect, why do i need it, what are the risks?

Strategies for good communication include all EXCEPT
saving your major concerns until the doc brings them up

If a physician prescribes the wrong drug or a dangerous combination, resulting problems are especially prevalent for _____, who typically take more meds
older adults

which one of the following is considered a mind-body intervention
yoga, visualization and tai chi chuan

Self-assessment of medical symptoms beings with
observation of your own body

The leading cause of fire deaths is
careless smoking

Which of the following is NOT a benefit of safety belt use
an increase in the confidence of the driver

Women tend to stay in violent relationships because of
low self-esteem, financial dependence, belief that their children need a father

The primary cause of death in motorcycle crashes is
head injuries

Children can safely sit in the front seat when they are 4 years of age…
false

Best advice for anyone picking up a gun is to
assume it’s loaded

Which of the following is a common cause of motor vehicle injuries?
fatigue, cell phones, speeding

All of the following are recommendations for safe lifting, EXEPT
bend at the waist

Smoke detectors should be on each level of a home
trueB

Bicycles are considered vehicles and must obey traffic laws
true

which of the following is a characteristic of aggressive driving
tailgating, speeding, frequent and erratic lane changes

most victims of violence are attached by someone they know
true

speed limits are established based on ideal conditions
true

helmets should be worn when
snowboarding, mountain biking, riding a lightweight scooter

sexual harassment may take the form of verbal abuse without physical contact
true

some researchers suggest that testosterone is linked to aggression
true

which of the following statements is FALSE regarding gangs?
gang activity primarily limited to large urban areas

All of the following are recommended strategies of preventing fire injuries EXCEPT
if your clothes catch fire, run

True regarding child sexual abusers?
Most offenders are heterosexual men

All of the following are dangerous pedestrian behaviors, except
facing traffic while walking along a road

The risk of osteoporosis can be assessed through bone mineral density testing
true

About what percentage of the cost of nursing home care is paid for by medicare?
less than 2 percent

Many of the negative physical changes typically associated with aging are not due to aging at all; rather, they are due to neglect of psychological health and lack of exercise
true

early indicator of dementia
failure to grasp a situation

Regular physical exercise contributes to healthy aging by enhancing all of the following, except
hearing ability

Individuals who reach their 65th bday can expect to live another ______ or longer
18 years

Which of the following is a good lifelong strategy for reducing the effects of osteoporosis?
avoid tobacco use

Jane is 32. At this stage in her life, which will help with the aging process
Develop important relationships

Alzheimers disease is an irreversible form of dementia
true

Changes in body structure that results from the passage of time are called _______ aging
biological

Nearly 100% of people over 65 have some form of arthritis
false

age-related loss of muscle mass, strength and function is called
sarcopenia

The average length of life of members of a species is called
life expectancy

Which of the following is most characteristic of retirement
needing to learn how to enjoy leisure time

men who commit suicide are usually widowed or divorced
true

Joe is in his late teens. to help him with the aging process, he should
establish good health habits

Increases in life expectancy in the US during the 20th century were due primarily to
the control of childhood and infectious diseases

Regular physical activity can fend off sarcopenia
true

Age related macular degeneration is an acute vision problem that eventually goes away
false

a physician specializing in the disease, disability, and care of older adults is a
geriatrician

Exercise may prevent age-associated deterioration of fluid intelligence
true

A disease in which the fluid inside the eye is under high pressure
glaucoma

Loss of a DL is reportedly the one of the most severe hardships for elderly
true

only method to certainly diagnose Alzheimers
Autopsy

Cells that are undifferentiated and can develop into many different specific cells are ____ cells
stem

Denise is 52 years old and beginning menopause. What will she experinee
hot flashes, irregular periods, vaginal dryness

The aging process occurs during the last half of life
false

A clouding of the lens in the eye
cataracts

All are true about older adults EXCEPT
tend to have lower BP

Fluid intelligence is the ability to
find solutions when confronted with a new problem

Dia de los muertos is a mexican holiday
reflecting the belief that the dead return to earth as spirits once a year

an example of passive euthanasia is
withdrawing life support

Hospice care is for people who are expected to live
6 months or less

Themes identified by researches are components of “good death” include all except
reliving past disappointments

Termination of metabolic processes is called ____ death
cellular

crying and yelling in rage are ways to cope with intense feelings of grief
true

One method of disposition of a corpse is to subject the body to intense heat
cremation

basic task of planning for death that is universally important for everyone is
planning for after-death concerns such as organ donation and memorial services

Active euthanasia
A deliberate act intended to end another person’s life

A condition of profound unconsciousness with no reasonable hope for improvement is known as
a persistent vegetative state

Psychiatrist Avery Weisman identifies the time during terminal illness when the patient has both hope and acknowledges reality as
middle knowledge

In a “green” burial, the body is not embalmed
true

It is not unusual for a child to think of death as something that is reversible
true

Most DL’s can be used to identify if a person is an organ donor
true

The process of removing blood and other fluids and replacing them with chemicals to temporarily retard deterioration of a corpse is termed
embalming

The testator of a will is the
person making the will

Which of the following statements is false regarding living wills
They require physician certification that a terminal condition exists

A person appointed by a patient to make medical decisions for the patient if the patent is unable to do so is
a surrogate

what is typically the most expensive part of a funeral
the casket

When supportive medical technologies are in use, the concept of ____ is used to determine if someone is alive or dead.
Brain death

The organization that is composed of parents who have lost their children is called
compassionate friends

The “right to die” issue came to national attention in 75 with the landmark case involving
karen ann quinlan

by becoming aware of our options, we and our familiar are empowered to make informed, meaningful choices regarding end of life care
true

Cremation usually involves a grave dug into the soil or entombment in a mausoleum
fase

Most terminally ill patients experience kubler-ross’s stages of dying in sequence
false

When someone dies without a will, the state disturbs property according to
states rules

Many people seek to avoid any thought or mention of death
true

People who seem “stuck” in the grieving process and lose the ability to cope with daily living are said to be experiencing
complicated grief

the term that means “having made no legal will” is
intestate

If you decide to donate your organs after death, you should be sure to discuss this decision with your family
true

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