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HD 101 Final Exam Review (Chapters 11-13)

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U.S. Census data confirm that a college degree adds about ____ per year to a worker’s salary
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$20,000
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The possibility that one’s appearance or behavior will be missed to confirm another persons prejudices is
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Stereotype threat
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Forms of recreation that risk causing injury or death, and are attractive and thrilling as a result, are called
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Extreme sports
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What are 3 things that may be a destructive risk common in emerging adulthood?
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Driving without a seatbelt, abusing drugs, carrying a loaded gun
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Personality patterns of adults are affected by
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Cultural norms, social context, and genetic continuity
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College trends indicate that more ____ than ____ attend college
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Girls; boys
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The leading cause of death for young men in South Africa is
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AIDS
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Social phobia is most likely to be diagnosed in women around age
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20
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By age ___, the immune system can fight off just about anything from the sniffles to cancer
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20
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A commonality among intimate relationships is that they
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Progress from attraction to close connection to ongoing commitment
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Most people over the age of 65 think that premarital sex is
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Wrong
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Erikson’s fifth stage of development, identity versus role confusion, starts in adolescence and is completed
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Later during adulthood
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The idea that each of us enlarges our understanding, our experiences, and our resources through our intimate relationships is known as
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Self-expansion
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The period of emerging adulthood occurs between ____ years old
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18-25
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What percentage of emerging adults has at least one sexually transmitted disease?
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50%
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Which disorder is characterized by having irrational thoughts, delusions, and hallucinations?
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Schizophrenia
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Historically, most couples had their first child as teenagers, whereas now most women are having their first child at age ___
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25
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A longitudinal study found that students at four-year colleges were more likely to be involved in ___ than were students at two-year colleges
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Extra-curricular activities
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Aggressive young adults rated themselves as
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Conscientious
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____ percent of adults in the U.S. rated their health as good, very good, or excellent
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95%
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According to a Chicago study by Laumann and Michael (2000), adults of all ages were more likely to say that they were _____ satisfied with sex if they were _______
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Extremely; in a monogamous relationship
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Schaie (2005) found that women consistently score lowest on a test that measure intellectual skills involving
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Spatial orientation
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One study found that people between ______ are most likely to be in a committed, monogamous relationships
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25-65
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Morbidity refers to the rates of ____ in a population
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Diseases
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The measure of health that determines how healthy and energetic an individual feels is
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Vitality
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Expert thought is
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Automatic
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Physical aging is ______ to most people that experience it
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Not discouraging
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Long-term hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been known to
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Increase the risk of stroke
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Infertility is defined as
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The failure to conceive a child after a year or more of intercourse without using contraception
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Spearman believed that there is
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One common factor that undergrids IQ
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What is the major benefit of moderate alcohol consumption
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Increased HDL (good cholesterol)
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What form of intelligence would be the most useful when solving real-world challenges
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Practical
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What country is the world leader of the obesity and diabetes epidemics
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United States
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The balance between various parts of the body systems is called
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Homeostasis
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Findings by Murray and others (2006) show that the 10 million Americans with the highest SES will outlive the 10 million with the lowest SES by about ____ years
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30
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The term used to signify a drop in testosterone levels in older men is
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Andropause
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What is the Flynn effect
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Rise in IQ scores that has occurred over the decades in many nations
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What is not one of the possible reasons for the Flynn effect
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Larger family size
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What is used to measure fluid intelligence
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Puzzles
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What refers to a procedure in which one sperm is inserted into one ovum
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In vetro fertilization (IVF)
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Baltes (2003) found that
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Only at age 80 did every cognitive ability show age-related average declines
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Conscientiousness is most highly valued where
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New Mexico
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As adults grow older, job changes become more stressful because
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Older workers may not have the job skills needed today, possibly age discrimination, older people aren’t as willing to relocate for a job
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____ rewards of work are tangible rewards, such as salary, while ____ rewards of work are intangible rewards, such as job satisfaction
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Extrinsic; intrinsic
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Someone who becomes accepted as part of a family in which he has no blood relation is known as
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Fictive kin
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Midlife crisis
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Has not been confirmed by a large research study
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Many couples are LAT, which stands for
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Living apart together
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In the U.S., the number of declared homosexual couples
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Has likely increased due to their willingness to declare themselves in official U.S. statistics
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Martha, a prison guard, is critical of everyone and does not like to travel because of anxiety. She most likely fits into what personality cluster?
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Neuroticism
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An adult expresses generativity by
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Caring for others, such as young children
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Generally speaking, married people are a little happier than unmarried ones. However, the largest difference was found in ____, where more married than single adults were \”very happy\”
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The United States
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An arrangement in which work schedules are flexible so that employees can balance responsibilities is called
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Flextime
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_____ is to outgoing as _____ is to curiosity
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Extroversion; openness
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Divorce is more likely to occur within the first ____ years of marriage, and _____ are more likely to remarry
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5; younger men
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The belief that family members should care for each other, sacrificing personal freedom and success to do so is called
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Familism
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What are some advantages adoptive parents have?
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The biological parents are usually absent, they are legally connected to their children, and they desperately want a child
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A person’s social convoy consists of
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Family, friends, and acquaintances
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A characteristic of adult friendships is that
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Friendships approve with age
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In which of Erikson’s stages do adults feel the need to mentor and help younger people
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Generativity versus stagnation
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Parenthood is characterized by
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The adults being dependent on a child to meet their generativity needs, the children being dependent on the adults to meet their needs, the adult passing along their values
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What therapist explained development as a sequence not linked to chronological age
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Maslow