Grammar: The Appositive and Appositive Phrase – Flashcards

question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. As a child, Maria Mitchell studied astronomy with her father William Mitchell, an amateur astronomer. Identify the word or phrase that the underlined appositive phrase renames.
answer
William Mitchell
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. Polaris, the current polar star to the north, has assisted many navigators in determining latitude, which is crucial to sea travel. Identify the appositive or appositive phrase.
answer
The current polar star to the north
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An appositive phrase is a word group that _____________.
answer
renames a noun or pronoun
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Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. Famed astronomer Galileo began using a telescope to explore the mysteries of space and make discoveries that religious leaders of his time frowned upon. Identify the essential appositive.
answer
Famed astronomer (wrong)
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. Astronomer Maria Mitchell discovered a comet in 1847 and went on to become the first professional female astronomer in the United States. Identify the essential appositive.
answer
Astronomer (wrong)
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. I left home with James, my older brother, and our friend John, both a year older than I, to go to the town of Springfield to participate in our friend's talent show. What information is shared with the reader through the appositive and appositive phrase used in the sentence?
answer
The reader learns both that the narrator has an older brother, and his brother and John are older.
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. The crater, estimated to be 50,000 years old, was the result of a meteorite, a mass of stone or metal, crashing into Earth. Identify the word that the underlined appositive phrase renames.
answer
Meteorite.
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Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. My sister, Jasmine, plans to attend college and major in astronomy. Identify the appositive.
answer
My sister (wrong)
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. Student Lucinda Gonzalez studies the composition of black holes that are located in the Milky Way. Identify the appositive or appositive phrase.
answer
Student (wrong)
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. A white dwarf, a dense dead star, burns through its hydrogen before it can grow into a supernova. Identify the nonessential appositive phrase.
answer
A dense dead star.
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Appositive
answer
A noun or pronoun used to identify or rename another noun or pronoun.
question
Appositive Phrase
answer
A group of words containing an appositive and any modifiers.
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Essential vs. Nonessential
answer
Essential: required for reader to understand meaning in context. (Ex. The respected astronomer [Andrea Ghez] believes the unusual speed of stars near the Galactic Center occurs because of the gravitational pull of a black hole.) Nonessential: not required for meaning, but provides interesting detail. (Ex. Andrea Ghez, [a respected astronomer], believes the unusual speed of stars near the Galactic Center occurs because of the gravitational pull of a black hole.)
question
Use appositives and appositive phrases to:
answer
- Combine short and choppy sentences - Clarify terminology for your reader.
question
An appositive is a(n) _________ used to identify or rename a noun or pronoun.
answer
Noun or pronoun
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A(n) _________ phrase is set apart by commas.
answer
Nonessential
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. The familiar constellation Sagittarius is near the Galactic Center of the Milky Way. Identify the appositive in the sentence.
answer
Sagittarius
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. The familiar constellation Sagittarius is near the Galactic Center of the Milky Way. Which word does the appositive rename?
answer
Constellation.
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question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. As a child, Maria Mitchell studied astronomy with her father William Mitchell, an amateur astronomer. Identify the word or phrase that the underlined appositive phrase renames.
answer
William Mitchell
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. Polaris, the current polar star to the north, has assisted many navigators in determining latitude, which is crucial to sea travel. Identify the appositive or appositive phrase.
answer
The current polar star to the north
question
An appositive phrase is a word group that _____________.
answer
renames a noun or pronoun
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. Famed astronomer Galileo began using a telescope to explore the mysteries of space and make discoveries that religious leaders of his time frowned upon. Identify the essential appositive.
answer
Famed astronomer (wrong)
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. Astronomer Maria Mitchell discovered a comet in 1847 and went on to become the first professional female astronomer in the United States. Identify the essential appositive.
answer
Astronomer (wrong)
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. I left home with James, my older brother, and our friend John, both a year older than I, to go to the town of Springfield to participate in our friend's talent show. What information is shared with the reader through the appositive and appositive phrase used in the sentence?
answer
The reader learns both that the narrator has an older brother, and his brother and John are older.
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. The crater, estimated to be 50,000 years old, was the result of a meteorite, a mass of stone or metal, crashing into Earth. Identify the word that the underlined appositive phrase renames.
answer
Meteorite.
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. My sister, Jasmine, plans to attend college and major in astronomy. Identify the appositive.
answer
My sister (wrong)
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. Student Lucinda Gonzalez studies the composition of black holes that are located in the Milky Way. Identify the appositive or appositive phrase.
answer
Student (wrong)
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. A white dwarf, a dense dead star, burns through its hydrogen before it can grow into a supernova. Identify the nonessential appositive phrase.
answer
A dense dead star.
question
Appositive
answer
A noun or pronoun used to identify or rename another noun or pronoun.
question
Appositive Phrase
answer
A group of words containing an appositive and any modifiers.
question
Essential vs. Nonessential
answer
Essential: required for reader to understand meaning in context. (Ex. The respected astronomer [Andrea Ghez] believes the unusual speed of stars near the Galactic Center occurs because of the gravitational pull of a black hole.) Nonessential: not required for meaning, but provides interesting detail. (Ex. Andrea Ghez, [a respected astronomer], believes the unusual speed of stars near the Galactic Center occurs because of the gravitational pull of a black hole.)
question
Use appositives and appositive phrases to:
answer
- Combine short and choppy sentences - Clarify terminology for your reader.
question
An appositive is a(n) _________ used to identify or rename a noun or pronoun.
answer
Noun or pronoun
question
A(n) _________ phrase is set apart by commas.
answer
Nonessential
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. The familiar constellation Sagittarius is near the Galactic Center of the Milky Way. Identify the appositive in the sentence.
answer
Sagittarius
question
Read the sentence below and complete the instruction that follows. The familiar constellation Sagittarius is near the Galactic Center of the Milky Way. Which word does the appositive rename?
answer
Constellation.