Government Chapter 15 Answers

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Bureaucracy
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large, complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization
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The federal government
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What is the largest bureaucracy of this country
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Waste, red tape, delay
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What does the word bureaucracy suggest
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Hierarchical Authority
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Organization structure like a pyramid, with a chain of command running from the top of the pyramid on down its base Speedy action by reducing conflicts over who has the authority to make decisions.
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Job specialization
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Each person has specific duties, then their us precise decision of labor within that organization Promote efficiency specialized skills
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Formalized rules
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Rules are set out in written form and so can be known by all who are involved in that work Based on known standards Increase speed Little interruption in work Workers can be replaced easily
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In the executive branch
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Where is the federal bureaucracy located
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Article two
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Which article suggest executive departments
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Executive office of the president, the fifteen cabinet departments, and a large number of independent agencies
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What three groups is the executive branch composed of
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Departments
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Terms reserved for agencies of cabinet rank
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Commission
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Term usually given to agencies charged with the regulation of business activities
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Agency/administration
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Term used to refer to any governmental body
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Corporation/authority
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Term given to those agencies that conduct business like activities
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Bureau/service/office/branch
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Term given to major elements in a department
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Staff or line agencies
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The several units that make up any administrative organization
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Line agencies
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perform the tasks for which the organization exists
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Staff agencies
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offering advice and other assistance in the management of the organization.
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Executive office of the president (eop)
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umbrella agency, a complex organization staffed by the President’s closest advisors and assistants.
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Chief of staff
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directs all of the operations of the White House Office and is among the most influential of aides.
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The national security council
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Most of the President’s major steps in foreign affairs are taken in close consultation with what
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The Vice President, the Secretaries of State, treasury, and defense, the director of the national intelligence, and the chairmen of the joints chief of staff
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Who are the members of the national security council
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The OMB, the office of management and budget.
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What is the largest and most influential unit in the executive branch
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The federal budget
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What is the office of management and budgets major task
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The federal budget
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What is a very detailed estimate of receipts and expenditures for the next fiscal year
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October 1-September 30
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When does the fiscal year begin and end
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Fiscal year
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What is an annual statement of the public policies of the U.S expressed in dollars.
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Office of national drug control policy
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Coordinates with 50 agencies: war on drugs. Prepares annual national drug control strategy for president and sends to congress
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Office of faith based and community initiatives
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Presidents major source of info/advice on state of the economy: prepares the annual economic report to congress that is constituionally mandated.
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Council of economic advisors
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asvises president in writing the annual state of the enuvroemnt report to congress. Sees compliance of federal agencies with environment
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Office of policy development
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Domestic affairs
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Council on environmental quality
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asvises president in writing the annual state of the enuvroemnt report to congress. Sees compliance of federal agencies with environment
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Office of Vice President
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Increased importance has 50+ aides to VP
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Office of the United States Trade Representative
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Advises president in all matters of foreign trade. Trade representative. Appointed by president and confirmed by senate. Carries rank of ambassador. Represents presidents in trade negotiations
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Office of science and technology policy
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Presidents major advisor in all scientific. Engineering and technological matters.
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Office of administration
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General housekeeping agency. Provides support services that are needed for agencies to do other jobs
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The 15 cabinet departments
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Who does most of the federal work
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State, treasury, defense
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What are the first three departments congress created
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State
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Which department is the oldest
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Defense
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Which department is the largest
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Health
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Which department has the largest budget
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Energy
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Which department conducts nuclear weapons research and production
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Interior
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Which department operates hydroelectric power plants
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Agriculture
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Which department administers the food stamp program?
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Treasury
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Which department enforces alcohol, tobacco, and firearms laws
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Party,bender, race, practical experience
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What are some factors presidents consider when picking their cabinet secretary nominees
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Independent executive agencies
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organized much like cabinet departments but they do not have cabinet status. Most operate far from the limelight and rarely attract attention.
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Independent regulatory commission
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largely beyond the reach of presidentiL direction and control. Each has been created to regulate, or police, important aspects of the nation’s economy.
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2.8 million
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How many employees are in the civil service
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Andrew jackson
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Who has been called the father of the patronage system,
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Spoils system
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the practice of giving jobs and other favors of government to political supporters and friends.
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Rewarding loyal supporters with government jobs 2. Limited federal jobs to four years 3. Furthered democracy by putting new people in government positions 4. The victors belong the spoils
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How did Andrew Jackson defend the spoils system
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Pendleton act
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make merit the basis for hiring, promotion, and other personnel actions
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Hatch act
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allowed federal workers to participate in elections but prohibited them from taking part in campaign activities.
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Bureaucracy
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: a large, complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization
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Bureaucrat
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A person who works for a bureaucracy
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Administration
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The collective name given to the many administrators and agencies within the government
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Staff agency
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a support unit that aids the chief executive and the administrators of the various line agencies by offering advice and management assistance
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Line agency
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a government agency that carries out specific tasks in pursuit of goals set by Congress and the President
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Executive office of the president
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a complex organization of several separate agencies staffed by some 900 of the President’s closest advisors and assistants
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Federal budget
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a very detailed estimate of receipts and expenditures during the next fiscal year
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Fiscal year
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the 12-month period used by government and business for record-keeping, budgeting, and other financial management purposes
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Domestic affairs
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all matters of a nation that are not connected to the area of foreign affairs
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Independent agency
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a federal agency that operates independently of the 15 executive departments
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Independent executive agency
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the largest category of independent federal agencies, which include most of the non-Cabinet agencies
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Civil service
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the collective name given to the majority of civilians who work directly for the federal government
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Patronage
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the practice of handing out jobs, contracts, and other government favors to political supporters and friends
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Spoils system
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another name for the patronage system, dating back to the administration of Andrew Jackson
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Draft
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compulsory, or required, military service; also called conscription
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Independent regulatory commission
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one of 11 agencies that monitor and police key aspects of the national economy, with little direction from the President
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Government corporation
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a government agency set up by Congress to carry out specific business activities
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Executive department
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one of 15 major departments in the executive branch, each of which specializes in a specific area of public policy; together they make up the Cabinet
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Civilian
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Nonmilitary
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Secretary
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the title given to the heads of the executive departments
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Attorney general
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the title of the head of the Department of Justice

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