gospels mark summary

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Mark has what kind of style
vivid, fast-moving style which draws reader into the events of the story
Mark literary devices?
literary devices common include the topical ordering of events, intercalation, triads, and irony
Mark is the ___character and what? (11)
As protagonist and main character, Jesus is portrayed as the mighty Son of God, who suffers and dies as the Servant of the Lord–a ransom for many
Mark where, when, by whom (14)
Though issues of provenance are uncertain, it was most likely written in Rome by John Mark, in the 50s or 60s of the first century
Describe the 3 cycles of passion predictions and responses.
A. three times Jesus predicts his death
B. Each time the disciples respond with pride and misunderstanding.
C. Jesus follows with teaching about servanthood and cross-bearing discipleship
What verse serves as the key theme verse in Mark?
“For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” Mark 10:45
Why is Mark’s resurrection account so unusual?
the resurrection account in verse 8 with the women fleeing and trembling.
What textual problems occur at the end of Mark’s Gospel?
The earliest/most reliable manuscripts don’t contain verses 9-20.
What title does Jesus most often use for himself in Mark’s Gospel?
Son of Man
What is Jesus’ title for himself in Mark so significant?
means “a human being,” emphasises his humanity and reveals his messianic authoritive and destiny
What do we know about John Mark from the New Testament?
Son of certain Mary, went with cousin Barnabas and Paul on 1st missionary trip, Just Barnabus on 2nd trip to Cyprus.
According to church tradition, whose version of the gospel did Mark record?
Peter
From where and under what circumstances was Mark’s Gospel written?
Rome to Roman Christian audience. Special interest in persecution and martyrdom Roman church was persecuted body.
Matthew
most Jewish of the 4 gospels, presenting Jesus as the Jewish Messiah who brings God’s people salvation from their sins.
Matthew
most systematically arranged, utilizing concise style, fulfillment formulas, topical arrangement, and structural signals to provide a carefully structured presentation.
Matthew
includes 5 major discourses by Jesus and alternates between narrative and discourse presenting Jesus as the great Moses-like bringer of the new covenant.
Matthew and Luke
includes both narratives, which serve as prologues or introductions to their repective Gospels. Both birth narratives center on the theme of promise fulfillment, which Jesus as the promised Messiah from David’s line.
Matthew
genealogy presents presents Jesus as the fulfillment of the covenants made to Abraham and David, and as the legitment king of Israel.
Matthew
Christology has two main foci: Jesus as the Jewish Messiah fulfilling the promises given to Israel, and as Immanuel, the presence and wisdom of God, and now authoritative Lord of Church. The title Son of God is particularly important, integrating these two portraits.
Matthew
central theological theme is that salvation history finds its climax in the coming of Jesus the Messiah, in augurator of the kingdom of heaven and the new age of salvation.
fulfillment formulas
a common formula used by Matthew to introduce Old Testament quotations related to Jesus: “This was to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet saying…”
Sermon on the Mount
Jesus’ inaugural sermon in Matthew (ch. 5-7), which sets out the radical values of the kingdom of God
Son of David
a traditional messianic title referring to the Messiah’s descent from the line of David, Israel’s greatest king.
Mark
prominence of Galilee as the locus of Jesus’ early ministry
Mark
strong emphasis on Jesus’ authority in teaching and in miracles
Mark
amazed reaction by others to Jesus’ authority
Mark
emphasis on challenges to Jesus by the forces of Satan and his defeat of them
Mark
Jesus portayed as the authorittive Messiah and Son of God
Mark
Jesus portrayed as the suffering Son of Man, who will die as a sacrifice of atonement for the sins of his people
Mark
outsiders become insdiers by faith; hints of Gentile salvation
Mark
Negative portrait of the disciples; models how now to follow Jesus
Mark
lengthy passion narrative; emphasis on Jesus’ death
Mark
brief and enigmatic resurrection narrative
sturctural features that are evident in Matthew’s gospel
structures his narrative aroun 5 major discourses; all end with structural signal
structural signal 1 in Matt.
“And it came about when Jesus finished these words…”
structural signal 2 in Matt.
“From that time Jesus began to…”
Matthew’s primary narrative purpose
demonstrate that Jesus is the fulfillment of Jewish hopes for the Messiah
the likely makeup of Matthew’s audience and their circumstances
mostly Jewish or mixed Jewish/Gentile audience; community in conflict and debate with larger Jewish community
where Matthew’s gospel mostly written
Antioch in Syria
Luke
central theme is arrival of God’s end-times salvation. As predicted in prophets, God has acted through Jesus the Messiah to save his people Israel, and this salvation is now giong forth to the whole world
Luke
portrait of Jesus–the Savior for all people–focuses especially on his roles as 1. prophet like Moses, mighty in word and deed, and 2. Messiah and Lord, who brings in the age of salvation through his life, death, resurrection, and ascension
Luke
writes with a greater historical interest than the other gospel writers
Luke
most distinctive structural feature is the travel narrative, an extended account of Jesus’ journey to Jerusalem
Luke
only account of Jesus’ childhood recorded in the four gospels. describes Jesus’ extraordinary wisdom and obedient relationship with his heavenly Father
Luke
geneology traces Jesus’ ancestry to Adam, emphasizing that the message of salvation is for all humanity
Luke
Jesus’ trial and crucifixion are marked by the recurrent christological theme of Jesus’ innocence. He is the righteous and innocent Servant of the Lord
Luke
account of the Emmaus disciples is his most important contribution to the resurrection narratives. its theme is the fulfillment of scripture through the death and resurrection of the Messiah
Luke
authorship is a physician and missionary companion of the apostle Paul is well supported by both external and internal evidence.
Luke
2nd generation Christian and probably Gentile
Luke
date of writing is unknown and may be anytime from late 50s to 80s of the 1st century
Luke
Theophilus was likely an influential patron who sponsored the writing of the gospel. may have been a recent convert to Christianity.
Luke
must have written to a broader audience, seeking to confirm the truth of the gospel message and the gospel messengers
central theme of the birth narrative
arrival of God’s salvation and the fulfillment of his promises to Israel
2 structural features that carry the theme of Luke’s birth narrative forward
1. dual accounts of births of John and Jesus
2. series of birth narrative hymns offered up by Spirit-filled characters
Matthew
strong Jewish orientation: Jesus is the Jewish Messiah
Matthew
equally strong denunciation of the Jewish religious leaders
Matthew
emphasis on the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies
Matthew
interest in the Old Testament law and its relationship to the followers of Jesus
Matthew
5 long discources of teaching material
Matthew
alternating discources and narrative
Matthew
topical arrangement; related material grouped together
Matthew
emphasis on Jesus’ messiahship
Matthew
the messianic titles Son of God, Christ, and Son of David
Matthew
emphasis on Jesus as the presence of God– “God with us”
Matthew
Jesus portrayed as the new Israel and the new Moses
Matthew
Jesus protrayed as Wisdom incarnatee
Matthew
greater role for Peter than in other gospels
Matthew
emphasis on the mission to the Gentiles
Luke
historical notes and dating with reference to secular and religious leaders
Luke
the universality of the gospel message: it is for all people
Luke
references to Jesus as Savior, Christ, Lord, and Prophet
Luke
Old Testament allusions to Isaiah and the promise of salvation for all people
Luke
emphasis on promise and fulfillment
Luke
the presence, or “today,” of salvation in the words and deeds of Jesus
Luke
Jesus’ special concern for outsiders: the poor, sinners, Samaritans
Luke
the theme of reversal of fortunes: the rich become poor and vice versa
Luke
special emphasis placed on women and their needs and concerns
Luke
the coming of the Holy Spirit as a sign of the new age

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member