GLY Topic 13

question

The nuez ardente hit St. Pierre on May 8th, 1902, occurred at approximately what time of day
answer

8 am
question

The greatest twentieth century loss of life from a volcanic eruption was the eruption of
answer

Mt. Pelee
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A subduction zone occurs to the ________ of Martinique where the ________ tectonic plate is subducted
answer

east, South American
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All the islands of the Lesser Antilles are volcanic
answer

True
question

Most ships at anchor in the bay of St. Pierre also were destroyed by the eruption of Mt. Pelze
answer

True
question

Only one St. Pierre survivor lived long enough to tell of his ordeal. Where was he found?
answer

In his jail cell
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There were no eruptions on Martinique during historic times, until the year St. Pierre was destroyed
answer

False
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Because of its sturdy construction which of the following St. Pierre buildings survived the eruption intact?
answer

none of these survived intact
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Martinique is a department of what country?
answer

France
question

When the shallow still in the Etand Sec eroded away a ________ was sent down the Rivizre Blanche to the sea
answer

lahar
question

In what year did an eruption of Mt. Pelze destroy the city of St. Pierre?
answer

1902
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Prior to the eruption, the formation of a lake in the crater of Mt. Pelze was caused by
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rising magma pushed up groudwater
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Today the principal crops of Martinique are
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sugar cane and bananas
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Volcanic eruptions can be accompanied by electrical discharges in their ash clouds
answer

True
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The entire island of Martinique is built almost entirely of
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coalesced pyroclastic flows
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The process that buried the Gurrin rum and sugar factory also caused what to happen in St. Pierre?
answer

A small tsunami
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Submarine cables were cut not long before the catastrophic eruption of Mt. Pelze and probably has nothing to do with the subsurface movement of magma
answer

False
question

Some weak nuze ardentes occurred prior to the deadly Mt. Pelze eruption but were not cause for most of the St. Pierre population to evacuate
answer

True
question

Martinique is on this tectonic plate
answer

Caribbean
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Today St. Pierre, Martinique, is uninhabited
answer

False
question

What destroyed the plantation and guerin sugar and rum factory on the Riviere Balnche?
answer

A lahar
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The village of Prcheur, on the coast, was cutoff from the rest of Martinique by
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Lahars and pyroclastic flows
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What kind of volcano is Mt. Pelee?
answer

Stratovolcano
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The French use the term Peleean cloud for cloud for the type of glowing, destructive, hot avalanche of gas and ash inundated St. Pierre
answer

Nuee Ardente
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The mayor and governor advised the population to evacuate St. Pierre
answer

False
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The Etang Sec on Mt. Pelee was where the deadly pyroclastic flows originated from. What geologic feature was the Etang Sec?
answer

a caldera from an older eruption
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Martinique is an island in the
answer

Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles
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Sporadic eruptions of Mt. Pelee continued for decades after the destruction of St. Pierre
answer

True
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The Needle of Pelee was a tall and slender
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volcanic dome formed by very viscous lava pushed up though the vent
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The walls of most buildings in St. Pierre are composed of what type of material
answer

volcanic rocks

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