Global Studies 10 Final Exam 2014

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SET ONE Many Enlightenment philosophers used reason to (1) reinforce traditional beliefs (2) strengthen religious authority (3) reveal natural laws (4) encourage censorship
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According to John Locke, the purpose of government is to (1) protect the natural rights of individuals (2) serve the monarch (3) create overseas settlements (4) stimulate the economy
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3. Which topic is central to the study of economics? (1) tracking the development and spread of diseases (2) understanding the causes of ethnic rivalries (3) examining the distribution and use of limited resources (4) studying the growth and role of political parties
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Which characteristic is associated with an economy based on the principles of laissez-faire? (1) prices based on supply and demand (2) production quotas established by the central government (3) distribution of goods determined by the customs of a traditional society (4) some goods exchanged for other goods of equal value
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Which social scientist primarily studies how people change resources into goods and services? (1) archaeologist (2) sociologist (3) economist (4) psychologist
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Which statement represents a characteristic of democracy? (1) Religious leaders control government policy. (2) Citizens are the source of power in government. (3) The government limits the thoughts and actions of the people. (4) The laws of the government are made by influential military officers.
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Which period of history had the greatest influence on the Enlightenment ideas of natural law and reason? (1) Pax Romana (2) Middle Ages (3) Age of Exploration (4) Scientific Revolution
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Philosophers of the Enlightenment period believed that society could best be improved by (1) relying on faith and divine right (2) borrowing ideas from ancient Greece and Rome (3) applying reason and the laws of nature (4) studying the practices of successful leaders
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Base your answer to question 9 on the speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of social studies. Speaker A: Government should not interfere in relations between workers and business owners. Speaker B: The workers will rise up and overthrow the privileged class. Speaker C: Private property will cease to exist. The people will own the means of production. peaker D: A favorable balance of trade should be maintained by the use of tariffs. Which speaker is referring to laissez-faire capitalism? (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D
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The Enlightenment and the American Revolution were both major influences on 19th-century uprisings in (1) Latin America (2) the Middle East (3) Vietnam (4) Japan
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SET TWO Under the Old Regime in France, the burden of taxation fell mostly on the (1) monarchy (2) clergy (3) nobles (4) commoners
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One way in which Robespierre and Napoleon are similar that they both (1) played an important role at the Congress of Vienna (2) increased their power during the French Revolution (3) were executed for treason by French monarchs (4) led armies against the Haitians
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Which issue was a cause of the French Revolution? (1) ineffective rule of Napoleon Bonaparte (2) nationalization of the Church (3) outrage over the use of the guillotine by the Committee of Public Safety (4) demand of the Third Estate for more political power
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Which event is most closely associated with the French Revolution? (1) Council of Trent (2) Thirty Years’ War (3) Reign of Terror (4) Paris Peace Conference
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“The French Revolution is most important for having changed subjects to citizens.” This statement emphasizes the shift from (1) religious traditions to secular values (2) divine right rule to people’s participation in government (3) rural lifestyles to urban lifestyles (4) private property ownership to government ownership
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Which geographic condition contributed to the defeat of Napoleon’s troops during the invasion of Russia? (1) drought (2) typhoons (3) severe flooding (4) harsh winter
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What is one characteristic of France during the 1790s? (1) Severe inflation contributed to the rise of radical political groups. (2) Scientific developments improved the standard of living. (3) Widespread intolerance of the Huguenots led to human rights abuses. (4) Military successes eliminated tensions with neighboring countries.
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What was one effect of the French Revolution? What was one effect of the French Revolution? (1) Differences between ethnic groups were eliminated. (2) Communism became popular. (3) Militarism was discouraged. (4) Nationalistic feelings were stimulated.
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Which list of French leaders is in the correct chronological order? (1) Louis XVI →Napoleon →Robespierre (2) Robespierre →Napoleon →Louis XVI (3) Louis XVI →Robespierre →Napoleon (4) Napoleon →Louis XVI →Robespierre
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One important result of the French Revolution was that (1) France enjoyed a lengthy period of peace and prosperity (2) the church was restored to its former role and power in the French government (3) political power shifted to the bourgeoisie (4) France lost its spirit of nationalism
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SET THREE What was a result of the Industrial Revolution in Europe? (1) the growth of the middle class (2) an increase in nomadic herding (3) a decline in urban population (4) a decrease in international trade
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Urbanization in developing nations today is similar to urbanization in 19th-century England because in both cases (1) many people moved to rural areas (2) governments developed policies of forced migration (3) ties to extended families increased (4) many farm workers went to cities to look for jobs
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Speaker A: If the rate of population growth continues to exceed the growth in the food supply, there will not be enough food for all of the people. Speaker B: There are people who are wealthy and people who are poor. This is just how things are. Speaker C: History is the story of class struggle. Eventually, the working class will rise up and revolt against the wealthy. Speaker D: The government should do what is best for most of its people. Which speaker best represents the views of Karl Marx? (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D
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Speaker A: If the rate of population growth continues to exceed the growth in the food supply, there will not be enough food for all of the people. Speaker B: There are people who are wealthy and people who are poor. This is just how things are. Speaker C: History is the story of class struggle. Eventually, the working class will rise up and revolt against the wealthy. Speaker D: The government should do what is best for most of its people. Which speaker best represents the views of Thomas Malthus? (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D
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Which characteristic is associated with an economy based on the principles of laissez-faire? (1) prices based on supply and demand (2) production quotas established by the central government (3) distribution of goods determined by the customs of a traditional society (4) some goods exchanged for other goods of equal value
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An economist is a social scientist who focuses on the study of the (1) development of spiritual practices (2) establishment of legal systems (3) creation and implementation of social class systems (4) production and exchange of goods and services
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Transportation in the 1800s was revolutionized by the development of the (1) caravel (2) astrolabe (3) airplane (4) steam engine
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Increased agricultural production in England in the late 1700s contributed directly to (1) the development of a worldwide communications network (2) the introduction of manorialism (3) a decrease in the power of the monarch (4) an increase in life expectancy
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Which statement about railroad systems in the 19th and early 20th centuries is accurate? (1) Imperialists rejected the use of railroads in their colonies. (2) European governments opposed the development of railroads. (3) Railroads helped promote the factory system and urbanization. (4) Railroads made transportation of goods less efficient.
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Which idea is most closely associated with laissez faire economics? (1) communes (2) trade unionism (3) subsistence agriculture (4) free trade
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SET FOUR Which statement demonstrates a major characteristic of mercantilism in colonial Latin America? (1) Colonies developed local industries to compete with Spain. (2) Spanish colonies traded freely with English colonies. (3) Spain instituted democratic governments in its colonies. (4) Colonies were a source of raw materials for Spain.
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“It would be wrong to call the Ottoman Empire a purely Islamic state. It was not. It was a state that claimed some kind of an attachment, some kind of allegiance to Islam, but combined it with other forms of heritage from the Byzantine tradition or from the Turkic tradition that did not really correspond to Islam. So they always had this very, very pragmatic approach to Islam.” This author is suggesting that during the Ottoman Empire (1) religion was mingled with historic traditions (2) most people belonged to minority religions (3) rulers tried to separate politics from religion (4) rulers operated under a strict set of laws
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What was the primary economic policy used by the Spanish with their Latin American colonies? (1) embargoes (2) tariffs (3) boycotts (4) mercantilism
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At the Congress of Vienna (1815), the governments of Europe reacted to the French Revolution and the rule of Napoleon by attempting to (1) restore old regimes to power (2) spread the idea of democracy (3) encourage nationalist movements (4) promote the European free-trade zone
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A comparison of the feudal system in Europe and the encomienda system in Latin America shows that both systems (1) awarded land to the elite (2) promoted religious tolerance (3) relied on global trade for goods (4) used a parliamentary system of government
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What was one effect of the French Revolution? (1) Differences between ethnic groups were eliminated. (2) Communism became popular. (3) Militarism was discouraged. (4) Nationalistic feelings were stimulated.
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Simón Bolívar, José de San Martin, and Toussaint l’Ouverture are best known as (1) scientists who supported the heliocentric theory (2) leaders of Latin American independence movements (3) early Spanish explorers of the New World (4) communist leaders of the 19th century
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The encomienda system in colonial Latin America led to the (1) use of forced labor (2) establishment of trade unions (3) increase in landownership by Native Americans (4) weakening of the power of peninsulares
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A study of the revolutions in Latin America in the 19th century would show that (1) religion was a major cause of the conflicts (2) Spanish-born peninsulares led most of the Latin American uprisings (3) nationalism had little influence on the outcome (4) events in North America and Europe influenced Latin Americans
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“Give Venezuela such an executive power in the person of a president chosen by the people or their representatives, and you will have taken a great step toward national happiness. No matter what citizen occupies this office, he will be aided by the Constitution, and therein being authorized to do good, he can do no harm, because his ministers will cooperate with him only insofar as he abides by the law. If he attempts to infringe upon the law, his own ministers will desert him, thereby isolating him from the Republic, and they will even bring charges against him in the Senate. The ministers, being responsible for any transgressions committed, will actually govern, since they must account for their actions. . . . — Simón Bolívar, 1819 In this passage, which type of government is Simón Bolívar proposing for Venezuela? (1) theocracy (2) monarchy (3) democracy (4) dictatorship
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SET FIVE In England, which circumstance was a result of the other three? (1) availability of labor (2) abundance of coal and iron (3) waterpower from many rivers (4) start of the Industrial Revolution
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During the 1800s, reform legislation passed in Great Britain, France, and Germany led to (1) formation of zaibatsu, greater equality for men, and establishment of a banking system (2) legalizing trade unions, setting minimum wages, and limiting child labor (3) government-owned factories, establishment of five-year plans, and limits placed on immigration (4) bans on overseas trade, mandatory military service, and universal suffrage for women
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Which social scientist primarily studies how people change resources into goods and services? (1) archaeologist (2) sociologist (3) economist (4) psychologist
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One major reason the Industrial Revolution began in England was that England possessed (1) a smooth coastline (2) abundant coal and iron resources (3) many waterfalls (4) numerous mountain ranges
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In the late 1800s, one response of workers in England to unsafe working conditions was to (1) take control of the government (2) return to farming (3) set minimum wages (4) form labor unions
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The theory of Social Darwinism was sometimes used to justify (1) the establishment of communist governments in Asia (2) Latin American revolutions in the early 19th century (3) the independence movement in India (4) European imperialism in the late 19th century
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A long-term result of the Industrial Revolution in Europe was (1) an increase in the number of small farms (2) a decline in international trade (3) a general rise in the standard of living (4) a strengthening of the economic power of the nobility
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As a result of the Industrial Revolution in England, which the pattern of population distribution occurred? (1) urbanization (2) colonization (3) collectivization (4) globalization
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“It was a town of red brick, or of brick that would have been red if the smoke and ashes had allowed it; but as matters stood it was a town of unnatural red and black like the painted face of a savage. It was a town of machinery and tall chimneys, out of which interminable serpents of smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever, and never got uncoiled. It had a black canal in it, and a river that ran purple with ill smelling dye. . . .” — Charles Dickens, Hard Times Which problem is the subject of this passage? (1) economic inequality (2) urban pollution (3) lack of child labor laws (4) poor transportation systems
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Urbanization resulted in 1. the dramatic increase in the population of cities 2. an increase in farms 3. less industrialization 4. the dramatic decrease in the population of cities
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SET SIX The Sepoy Rebellion is considered an important event in Indian history because it was one cause of the (1) independence movement in India (2) secession of Bangladesh from Pakistan (3) establishment of French colonies in India (4) creation of the Mughal Empire by Muslims
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The Boxer Rebellion and the work of Sun Yixian (Sun Yat-sen) are most closely associated with the (1) Long March (2) Golden Age of China (3) Cultural Revolution (4) rise of nationalism in China
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The Opium Wars of the mid-19th century marked the beginning of the (1) rivalry between China and Taiwan (2) domination of China by foreign powers (3) decline of European influence in East Asia (4) global effort to combat drug use
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What was a principal reason for the success of European colonialism in Asia in the late 1800s? (1) Asians respected Europeans as representatives of an advanced civilization. (2) Europe was able to dominate military and commercial relations with Asia. (3) Europeans respected Asian laws and customs. (4) Many Asians adopted European religious practices.
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Which region was most affected by decisions made at the Berlin Conference of 1884? (1) Latin America (2) South Asia (3) East Asia (4) Africa
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Which African group centralized its rule and adopted new military techniques that challenged the power of the British and the Boers in South Africa? (1) Zulu (2) Ashanti (3) Ibo (4) Masai
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Which of these developments in Africa was a cause of the other three? (1) Rival tribal groups fought wars. (2) The Berlin Conference of 1884 influenced colonial boundaries. (3) Traditional territories and culture groups were permanently fragmented. (4) African economies became dependent on the sale of cash crops and raw materials.
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By 1913, many of the political divisions in Africa by were directly related to the (1) Meiji Restoration (2) Opium Wars (3) Berlin Conference (4) Boer War
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One way in which the Sepoy Rebellion in India and the Boxer Rebellion in China are similar is that both attempted to (1) remove foreign influences (2) restore democracy (3) modernize their economy (4) end religious conflict
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Which situation was a result of the 1884 Berlin Conference? (1) Africa was divided without regard to ethnic groups. (2) Monarchies were restored throughout Europe. (3) The slave trade with South America was eliminated. (4) The League of Nations was formed.
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SET SEVEN Korea has frequently served as a cultural bridge between (1) Cambodia and Vietnam (2) Russia and India (3) Thailand and Indonesia (4) China and Japan
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The annexation of Korea and Japan’s invasion of Manchuria were attempts by Japan to (1) spread Shinto beliefs (2) protect human rights (3) pursue imperialistic goals (4) establish theocratic governments
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Which action taken by the government encouraged industrialization in 19th-century Japan? (1) building a modern transportation system (2) limiting the number of ports open to foreign trade (3) forcing families to settle on collective farms (4) establishing a system of trade guilds
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A study of the revolutions in Latin America in the 19th century would show that (1) religion was a major cause of the conflicts (2) Spanish-born peninsulares led most of the Latin American uprisings (3) nationalism had little influence on the outcome (4) events in North America and Europe influenced Latin Americans
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Which situation best illustrates the concept of isolationism? (1) The Spanish government required that gold found in its colonies be brought directly to Spain. (2) Japan closed its ports to trade with other nations. (3) France, Germany, and Great Britain negotiated to divide various areas of Africa into colonies. (4) The British ruled much of India through the control of local rulers.
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Why is Southeast Asia considered a crossroads? (1) Large deposits of oil are available. (2) A number of trade routes intersect. (3) A single culture is dominant. (4) Rivers serve as highways.
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Japan’s policy of expansion in the early 20th century was motivated by (1) a lack of natural resources (2) a plan to end unequal treaties (3) the need to increase cultural diffusion (4) the desire to spread communism
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The terms Bushido, samurai, and daimyo are most closely associated with which group in Japanese history? (1) emperors (2) warriors (3) peasants (4) merchants
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What was one impact of industrialization on Japan? (1) Japan became more isolated from world affairs. (2) Demand for natural resources increased. (3) Japan became a colonial possession of China. (4) Traditional practices of Bushido were reintroduced.
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During which period of Japanese history did westernization and modernization occur? (1) Heian court (2) Tokugawa shogunate (3) Meiji Restoration (4) United States occupation
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SET 8 Between 1914-1930, the Austro-Hungarian empire broke apart into many different countries as a result of (1) the end of World War I and the treaties of 1919-1920 (2) the role played by the Catholic Church to stop the advance of Islam (3) economic competition and development of new capitalistic markets (4) movement of people to escape earthquakes and droughts
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What was a direct result of World War I? (1) Nicholas II was named czar of Russia. (2) Germany lost its colonies in Africa and Asia. (3) Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a terrorist. (4) The Ottoman Empire expanded
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One goal of the League of Nations was to (1) promote peaceful relations worldwide (2) stimulate the economy of Europe (3) bring World War I to an end (4) encourage a strong alliance system
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Nicholas II of Russia sent this telegram to Wilhelm II of Germany, July 29, 1914: “… In this most serious moment, I appeal to you to help me. A war has been declared upon a weak country (Serbia). The indignation in Russia is enormous. I foresee that very soon I shall be….forced to take extreme measures which will lead to war. To try and avoid such a calamity (disaster) as a Euopean war, I beg you in the name of our old friendship to do what you can to stop your allies from going too far. – Nicky Which conclusion is best supported by this telegram? (1) Russia started to mobilize for war against Serbia. (2) Nicholas II condemned the efforts of Wilhelm II. (3) Russia supported the use of extreme measures. (4) Nicholas II hoped diplomacy would prevent war.
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. . A weary, exhausted, nerve-racked group of men it was indeed that, about noon November 1, assembled in a gully north of Sommerance [France] to rest and dig in for the night. The artillery was still firing furiously, but the enemy’s barrage [bombardment] had ceased very suddenly about 10:00 a.m. and now only occasional shells from long-range rifles would explode in the vicinity. The weather was gloomy and the moist air chilled one to the bones. Yet it was with that meticulous [methodical] care that is characteristic of worn-out men, that we prepared our foxholes, carrying boards and iron sheeting from abandoned machine-gunners’ dugouts in order to make our “houses” as comfortable as possible, even though only for one night. . . . Which means of warfare is described in this passage? (1) guerilla (2) nuclear (3) biological (4) trench
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Austria, Hungary, Poland, Lithuania, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslavakia were all (1) Triple Alliance members before World War I (2) European countries formed immediately after World War I (3) Axis powers during World War II (4) Common Market members after World War II
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The immediate cause of World War I was the (1) assassination of Archduke Ferdinand (2) Japanese alliance with Germany (3) treaty agreement at Versailles (4) German invasion of Poland
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One reason the League of Nations failed as a world organization was that it (1) supported the rise of fascist states (2) lacked a military force to settle conflicts (3) dealt with conflict by establishing naval blockades (4) encouraged the annexation of territory by Force
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During which time period did Germany have a loss of territory as a result of the Treaty of Versailles? (1) between World War I and World War II (2) just after the Berlin Conference (3) immediately after the Congress of Vienna (4) during unification under Bismarck
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“Bombardment, barrage, curtain-fire, mines, gas, tanks, machine-guns, hand-grenades — words, words, but they hold the horror of the world.” This quotation best describes the effects of the (1) technological developments used during World War I (2) formation of alliances in World War II (3) tension between the superpowers during the Cold War (4) protests against reforms during the Indian independence movement
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SET NINE The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 in Russia was caused in part by (1) a forced famine in Ukraine (2) the failure of Czar Nicholas II to come to Serbia’s aid (3) a shortage of military supplies and food during World War I (4) the establishment of Lenin’s New Economic Policy (NEP)
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Which factor led to the rise of the communist revolution in Russia? (1) increase in agricultural production around the world (2) onset of the global depression that restricted trade (3) scarcity of workers for available jobs (4) unequal distribution of wealth between social classes
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Speaker A: If the rate of population growth continues to exceed the growth in the food supply, there will not be enough food for all of the people. Speaker B: There are people who are wealthy and people who are poor. This is just how things are. Speaker C: History is the story of class struggle. Eventually, the working class will rise up and revolt against the wealthy. Speaker D: The government should do what is best for most of its people. Which speaker best represents the views of Karl Marx? (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D
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Five-year plans and collectivization are most closely associated with (1) Joseph Stalin (2) Csar Nickolas II (3) Napoleon Bonaparte (4) Vladimir Lenin
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Joseph Stalin’s policies in Ukraine during the 1930s directly resulted in (1) widespread starvation (2) agricultural self-sufficiency (3) the development of cottage industries (4) the use of subsistence farming techniques
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Which aspect of the economy was emphasized in Joseph Stalin’s five-year plans? (1) heavy industry (2) consumer goods (3) famine relief (4) private landownership
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7. In the view of this cartoonist, Russia under Lenin’s Russia under Lenin’s rule was characterized by (1) a continuation of traditional life (2) the introduction of capitalism (3) support for a constitutional monarchy (4) rejection of the czarist system (absolute monarchy)
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One purpose of Vladimir Lenin’s New Economic Policy was to (1) allow elements of capitalism within a communist economic system (2) strengthen their country’s military defenses (3) support censorship of news and of personal correspondence (4) increase tensions during the Cold War
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Which slogan is associated with the Bolshevik (Russian) Revolution? (1) “An Eye for an Eye” (2) “Peace, Land, and Bread” (3) “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” (4) “Take up the White Man’s Burden”
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Which sequence of Russian events is in the correct chronological order? A. Catherine the Great westernizes Russia. B. Ivan III defeats the Mongols. C. Trotsky is assassinated. D. Czar Nicholas II abdicates the throne. (1) A →B →C →D (2) B →A →D →C (3) B →C →A →D (4) D →A →C →B
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SET 10 The Amritsar Massacre and the Salt March are both associated with the independence movement in (1) Iraq (2) India (3) China (4) Kenya
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Indeed whilst on the one hand civil disobedience authorizes disobedience of unjust laws or unmoral laws of a state which one seeks to overthrow, it requires meek and willing submission to the penalty of disobedience and therefore cheerful acceptance of the jail discipline and its attendant hardships…. Which individual is the author of this passage? (1) Otto von Bismarck (2) Mohandas Gandhi (3) Ho Chi Minh (4) Fidel Castro
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“. . . Passive resistance is a method of securing rights by personal suffering, it is the reverse of resistance by arms. When I refuse to do a thing that is repugnant [objectionable] to my conscience, I use soul-force. For instance, the Government of the day has passed a law which is applicable to me. I do not like it. If by using violence I force the Government to repeal the law, I am employing what may be termed body force. If I do not obey the law and accept the penalty for its breach, I use soul-force. It involves sacrifice of self. . . .” This statement reflects the belief that individuals (1) have no control over events (2) can influence events by following moral guidelines (3) must use violence to influence events (4) can influence events by using military force
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One way in which Kemal Atatürk of Turkey and Shah Reza Pahlavi of Iran are similar is that both leaders (1) implemented programs to modernize their nations (2) supported increased rights for ethnic minorities (3) adopted policies of nonalignment (4) established theocracies based on Islam
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The conquest of Manchuria by the Japanese (1931) (1) marked the end of aggressive expansion for this nation (2) demonstrated the weakness of the League of Nations (3) reestablished the balance of power in the world (4) led to the Long March
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Porfirio Diaz, Francisco “Pancho” Villa, and Emiliano Zapata are best known for their struggles in the (1) Haitian independence movement (2) Mexican Revolution (3) Nicaraguan War (4) Cuban Revolution
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Japan’s policy of expansion in the early 20th century was motivated by (1) a lack of natural resources (2) a plan to end unequal treaties (3) the need to increase cultural diffusion (4) the desire to spread communism
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1
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One reason the League of Nations failed as a world organization was that it (1) supported the rise of fascist states (2) lacked a military force to settle conflicts (3) dealt with conflict by establishing naval blockades (4) encouraged the annexation of territory by force
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2
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The Boxer Rebellion and the work of Sun Yixian (Sun Yat-sen) are most closely associated with the (1) Long March (2) Golden Age of China (3) Cultural Revolution (4) rise of nationalism in China
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4
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The South African government’s policy of racial separation between 1948 and 1994 was called (1) Pan-Africanism (2) democratization (3) apartheid (4) suffrage
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SET 11 The 1930s depression in Germany contributed to the rise of the Nazi Party because (1) economic hardships increased political instability (2) five-year plans of the communists failed (3) the Reichstag nationalized private property (4) the Weimar Republic imposed totalitarianism
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One similarity between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini is that both (1) led fascist states (2) supported communism (3) rejected militarism (4) remained in power after World War II
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Which statement about the worldwide Depression of the 1930s is a fact rather than an opinion? (1) Political leaders should have prevented the Depression. (2) Germany was hurt more by the Treaty of Versailles than by the Depression. (3) The economic upheaval of the Depression had major political effects. (4) World War I was the only reason for the Depression.
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The Nazi rise to power in Germany came as a result of World War I, weak government, and economic problems. In other words, which situation gave rise to Nazi power in Germany? (1) global prosperity and trade (2) success of the Weimar Republic (3) political and economic instability (4) expansion of Germany’s colonial empire
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The major impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany was that the treaty led to (1) an era of peace and international good will in Germany (2) a stable Germany that was both democratic and strong (3) an increase in Germany’s desire to regain its power and prestige (4) a leadership position for Germany in the League of Nations
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During the mid-1930’s, which characteristic was common to Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, and Communist Russia? (1) government ownership of the means of production and distribution (2) one-party system that denied basic human rights (3) encouragement of individual freedom of expression in the arts (4) emphasis on consumer goods rather than on weapons
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The Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 and Hitler’s rebuilding of the German military in 1935 demonstrate the (1) success of defensive alliances (2) fear of communist expansion (3) support for the Treaty of Versailles (4) failure of the League of Nations
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Which action illustrates the concept of genocide? (1) the British negotiating peace with Adolf Hitler during the 1938 Munich Conference (2) Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin signing a nonaggression pact in 1939 (3) the Nazi armies eliminating the Jews and other groups as part of Adolf Hitler’s Final Solution (4) German generals plotting against Adolf Hitler
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Totalitarian countries are characterized by (1) free and open discussions of ideas (2) a multiparty system with several candidates for each office (3) government control of newspapers, radio, and television (4) government protection of people’s civil liberties
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What was one reason that totalitarian dictatorships gained power in Europe between World War I and World War II? (1) Famine and AIDS spread throughout Europe. (2) Trade was banned between western and eastern Europe. (3) Governments failed to meet the needs of the people. (4) Monarchies were reinstated in many nations.
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SET 12 . . . No one in this country [Great Britain] who examines carefully the terms under which Hitler’s troops begin their march into Czecho-Slovakia to-day can feel other than unhappy. Certainly theCzechs will hardly appreciate Mr. Chamberlain’s phrase that it is “peace with honour.”. . . The author of this excerpt is reacting to Prime Minister Chamberlain’s policy of (1) self-determination (2) ethnic segregation (3) containment (4) appeasement
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4
question

In the 1950s, what was the status of most countries in Eastern Europe? (1) members of the Common Market (2) participants in the Marshall Plan (3) allies of the United States (4) satellites of the Soviet Union
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4
question

The imaginary line that divided the Western European countries from the Eastern European countries after World War II was known as the (1) prime meridian (2) line of demarcation (3) Iron Curtain (4) Berlin Wall
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3
question

The Nuremberg Trials are considered an important event in the 20th century because they (1) brought an end to genocide (2) condemned the use of nuclear weapons (3) ruled on provisions for the postwar occupation of Germany (4) established principles of responsibility for human rights violations
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4
question

Which headline is most closely associated with the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki? (1) “Japan Signs Treaty of Kanagawa” (2) “Nuclear Bombs Dropped on Japan” (3) “Japan Invades Korea” (4) “Japan Hosts Discussion on Greenhouse Gases”
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2
question

The use of the Marshall Plan in Western Europe after World War II strengthened the forces of (1) democracy (2) communism (3) isolationism (4) autocracy
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1
question

During World War II, the importance of the D-Day invasion of 1944 was that it (1) forced Germany to fight on multiple fronts (2) made Germany move their military to the Russian front (3) ended the bombing of Germany (4) demonstrated German military dominance
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1
question

One way in which the conquest of Manchuria by the Japanese (1931) and the annexation of Czechoslovakia by Germany (1939) are similar is that these actions (1) marked the end of the aggressive expansion of these nations (2) demonstrated the weakness of the League of Nations (3) reestablished the balance of power in the world (4) led to the Long March
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2
question

Japan’s policy of expansion in the early 20th century was motivated by (1) a lack of natural resources (2) a plan to end unequal treaties (3) the need to increase cultural diffusion (4) the desire to spread communism
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1
question

“Japan Presses Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Policy on Southeast Asia” “Tokyo Is Firebombed” “Atom Bomb Dropped on Nagasaki” Which period of Japanese history is associated with these headlines? (1) Tokugawa shogunate (2) Meiji Restoration (3) reign of Emperor Hirohito (4) Japan’s economic miracle
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3
question

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was initially formed to (1) promote religious freedom (2) defend Western Europe from Soviet aggression (3) isolate member nations from the rest of the world (4) stop the flow of immigration between member nations
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2

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