Geology Exam number 1′

Flashcard maker : Sara Graham
the distribution of natural resources is influenced by the
type of rocks,age of the rocks, and wayy in which the rocks formed D) all of these
geology can help us learn about earth’s past by studying
E) all of these
the main layers of the earth in correct order, from the surface moving down is:
C)crust,mantle, inner core, outer core
which layer in the earth is similar in composition to basalt
B)oceanic crust
The principle of isostasy refers to:
B) the relationship between regional elevations and thickness of crust
Which of the following is true about forces and energy imposed on Earth from Space
suns electromagnetic energy is all blocked by earths protective atmospher
which of the following is NOT one of the main families of rocks?
D) metorites
according to the rock cycle, sediment that is being transported by a river could become a metamorphic rock after
A) uplift and weathering
of earth’s four overlapping spheres, which of the following does NOT invovle material above Eath’s surface
C) biosphere
which of the following is considered to be one of the outer planets?
e)none of these
what is the youngest unit or feature in this figure?
D) 4
Which of the following is a principle to interpret relative ages?
a) the youngest rock is on the bottom
Which letter on the accompanying figure indicates the elevation
which type of map or diagram would best indicate elevation of the land surface
a) shaded-relief map
this figure shows three blocks in water. Which of these materials is the most dense?
d)the water
which of the following is an example of quantitative data?
e) non of these
if a runner races 50 meters in 5 seconds how is she going
c)10 meters per second
which of the following best explains what a contour line is?
A) line that connects the peaks and valleys of an area.
which of the following is the principle of uniformitarianism
c)the present is the key to the past
which of the following features is associated with a deep oceanic trench
a)mid-ocean ridge
why the the tibetan plateau show in this figure, have a high elevation
D)a and b only
A divergent plate boundary is most likely associated with
D)a and b only
mid-ocean ridges are higher than surrounding oceanic crust primarily because:
D) transform faulting uplifts the rocks
the stages associciated with continental rifting are, in order from earliest to latest
narrow ocean basin,wide ocean basin, contiental rift,uplift
when a plate boundary changes its orientation, it can change from:
A) all of the above
on the accompanying figure, which leter is over the oldest oceanic crust
A) a
what kind of boundary is most likely to have volcanoes and earthquakes associated with it?
C) convergent
5000km 5cm per yea
c)100 million years
which of the following is NOT a mineral
a) liquid water
what are the two main ways that minerals are put together in rocks?
b) ingenous bersus sedimentary
a mineral property that can be observed without using a test is
What arrangement of atoms does this iagram illustrate
b) tetrahedron
what type of cleavage is illustrated in this figure?
a)one direction
the most important class of rock-forming minerals on earth is
D) silicates
which of the following largely determines an atom’s atomoic weight?
D) the number of protons and neutrons
moh’s hardness scale
B) calcite and quartz
what causes a water molecule to be polar
C) the position of the hydrogen atoms on one side of the molecule
What is an isotope
A) an atom with more electrons than protons
coarsely crystalinne igneous textures indicate that
e) the ash and pumice were hot and became compacted
which of the following is the best example of heat transfer by conduction
a) a pan placed directly on a burner
which of the following igneous rocks would be formed by the fasted cooling
e) volcanic glass
what generally happens when subduction-derived magma encounters thick continental crust
B) the magma solidifies in sheeted dikes with a composition of basalt
a hot spot is interpreted to have formed from
C) abundant magma formed within a typical mid-ocean ridge
this volcano is relatively small and composed of volcanic cinders. What kind of volcano is it?
A) scoria cone
this is a relatively large symmetrical volcano contains interlayered lava flow,pyroclastic deposits and volcanic mudflows what kind of volcano is it
C) composite volcano
which of the following are ways that viscosity affects gases in magma?
e) A and b only
which of the following are differences between an eruption column and pyroclastic flow
b) a pyroclastic flow rises higher into the atmosphere than the eruption column
what type of basaltic feature is shown in this photograph
c) aa lava flow
a lava solidifies into nonvesicular basalt instead of vesicular basalt because
d) the lava flow forms lava tubes
hazards associated with basaltic lava flows and eruptions are
d) all of the above
composite volcanoes are so called because they
b ) have nany different types of geologic hazards
the most dangerous type of volcano is a
d) composite volcano
what was the most damaging type of eruption that occurred at vesuvius in italy
d)one or more pyroclastic flows hit the ciry of pompeii

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