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Fundamentals of Speech Final

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Speak only if you can?
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Improve the Silence
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Is has been suggested that a good speech is practiced at least _____ times.
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6
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For majority of people, anxiety levels tend to be highest when?
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Just before they begin speaking
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Cicero’s three purposes for public speaking could be adapted today as to inform, to persuade, and to ?
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Please
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You can significantly lessen pre-speech jitters by?
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stretching
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Bearing the context and rhetorical situation in mind ensures that you remain?
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audience-centered
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Even the briefest speeches make frequent use of?
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Repetition
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Servant speakers need to learn how to________ with people of other faiths.
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Dialogue responsibly
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Who felt it necessary to redeem public speaking from insincere practitioners?
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Saint Augustine
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A speech is only good as its?
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supporting materials
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Attitudes are based on ____–the ways in which people perceive reality.
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beliefs
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Audience tend to evaluate messages in terms of?
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their own perspectives
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The single most critical aspect of preparing for any speech is?
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Audience analysis
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Which one of the following reasons is not a general purpose of a speech?
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to receive a standing ovation from the audience members previously opposed to your topic.
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Establishing a feeling of commonality with your audience is called?
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Identification
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The statistical characteristics of a given population are called?
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demographics
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Gender refers to?
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out social and psychological sense of ourselves as male or female.
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A thesis statement is also called a?
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central idea
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Our most enduring judgments about what’s good and bad in life refer to our?
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values
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Which of the following are more long-lasting and more resistant to change?
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Values
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Oral presentations demand that?
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enough information about the source to show that it is credible and reliable be given.
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A regularly published magazine or journal is called a?
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Periodical
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Information represented in such a way as to provoke a desired response is called?
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Propaganda
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The difference between primary and secondary research deals with?
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whether the research is original or includes information produced by others.
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Quantified evidence that summarizes, compares, and predicts things are called?
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Statistics
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A real-life demonstration speech will most appeal to listeners with what learning style/type?
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Kinesthetic
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Research has shown that audiences can comfortably take in only between?
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two and seven main points
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Listeners have best recall of speech points given?
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first and last
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Librarians are increasingly discouraging students from using this type of search engine because so many return only the top listings from each search engine and include far too many paid listings.
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Meta
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When a speech is organized clearly and logically, it is said to have?
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Coherence
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An effective persuasive speech will balance
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Logic and Emotion
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Persuasive speeches should strive to get the audience to participate in ___ processing
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Central
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The classic hierarchy of needs was developed by
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Abraham Maslow
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An argument that relies on irrelevant premises for its conclusion is called
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Red Herring
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Which part of the speech should you prepare first
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Body
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A good introduction should be ___% of the body of the speech
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10-15
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The step in the motivated sequence speech that moves an audience beyond accepting the feasibility of your proposal to seeing how it will actually benefit them is called
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Visualization
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Warrants are also called
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Reasons
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As a rule, when giving a speech, use
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Short Sentences
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That audiences recall best what they hear last is called
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The Recency Effect
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Codes of ethical speech are built on ____ rather than legal principles
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Moral
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Limited use of copy-righted works without permission for the purposes of scholarship, criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, or research is permitted by the
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Doctrine of Fair Use
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Speaking within the limits of human knowing results in
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Doubt-Talk
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When citing other people’s ideas, this type of citation would contain approximately the same number of words as the original source material
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Paraphrase
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The biblical story of Rahab illustrates a case of
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Justifiable Deception
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Speaking falsely about a third party is called
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Slander
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The First Amendment does not assure protection to speech that is
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Defamatory
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Making up data, examples, findings, or other information is called
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Fabrication
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One exception to sources needing citation is the use of
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Common Knowledge
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Which one of these is not an aspect of truthful speech?
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Doubt-Talk
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Presentation aids
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Visually reinforce your message
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When we focus on what we, rather than the speaker, will say next, we are engaging in
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Scriptwriting
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The open sharing of ideas in an atmosphere of respect is called
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Dialogic Communication
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Immediately following a speech, the average person can recall about ___% of the content of the speech
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50
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To best minimize external listening distractions, you should
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Try to anticipate and plan for them
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Your own personal experiences would be classified as
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Primary Research
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Self-listening is sometimes called
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Intrapersonal Communication
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We gain an understanding of all things by listening to God and then to authorities and
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Audiences
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If we find the arguments of others morally offensive, we should
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Speak up in Refutation
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When we pay attention only to information that we deem important, we are practicing
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Selective Perception
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What is the most popular delivery method?
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Speaking Extemporaneously
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Ideally, handouts should usually be distributed
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After the speech ends
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Moving your gaze from one listener to another and from one section to another, pausing to gaze at one person long enough to complete one sentence is a technique called
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Scanning
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“___ are the most engaging mode of human communication”
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Stories
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Speeches should normally combine careful preparation with sensitive ____ during delivery
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Adjustments
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Few behaviors are more effective for building rapport with an audience than
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Smiling
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The proper volume for delivering a speech is
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Somewhat louder than that of a normal conversation
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The first thing an audience is likely to notice about a speaker is his/her
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Clothing
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The method of delivery will tend to restrict eye contact and body movement, limit expressiveness in vocal variety and quality and can be monotonous and boring for the audience
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Manuscript
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Poor articulation can be overcome by
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Unlearning the problem behavior