Frederick Douglass "Learning to Read and Write"

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connotation
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emotional baggage a word carries
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anaphora
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repetition of group of words or phrase more than 2-3 times
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allusion
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implicit reference to religious, history, or literature
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personification
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human characteristics applied to inanimate objects
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metonymy
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replace general idea or concept that replaces bigger idea
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depravity
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moral corruption, wickedness
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polemic
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a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something
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litotes
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ironical understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary
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denotation
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the literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests
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process analysis (goes over hardships then specifically tells us how he learns to read and write
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the essay’s mode of writing
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-narration -description -exemplification -compare/contrast -classification/division -process analysis -cause & effect -argument/persuasion
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8 modes of writing
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pathos
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writer uses humor and stuff to evoke emotions out of the audience to get them to do what the writer wants
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ethos
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writer involves good choices/moral/ethical rights but also creates a set of common values for the audience so we’re on the same page to create authority; credibility
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logos
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how the message is presented, mode of writing, the figurative language, and the structure; data and polls and numbers are “truthful”
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persona, audience, message, purpose
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elements of any rhetorical situation (rhetorical square)

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