Floral design vocab

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armatures
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a framework for a floral design; can be purchased ready-made or created by the designer
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bonsai
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Japanese art of dwarf or miniature tree culture
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bowl type
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waterproof tape used to hold foam in floral container
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chenille stem
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two wires twisted together with short fibers between them; similar to pipe cleaner
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chicken wire
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light weight wire formed into a hexagonal mesh; used with or without foam
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decorative wire
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type of wire that is meant to be seen in a floral arrangement; made of aluminum or copper
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dry core
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phenolic foam that hasn’t been saturated completely with water; dry spots may reside in the interior of the foam
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ergonomics
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science of designing equipment and furniture so they will fit the human body without causing physical stress or injury
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floral adhesive
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any liquid or aerosol glue that has been formulated specifically for gluing floral materials, does not require heat
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florist wire
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fine wire usually coated with green enamal finish, used to hold or tie floral design 32(finest) 16(heaviest)
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greening pin
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U-shaped used to hold flowers, foilage, and other elements in place, called fern pins
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grids
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framework of tape, plastic, wire, or other material stretched across the top of the container
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hard good
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supplies and inventory items, including vases, ribbons, and baskets
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hasami
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Japanese scissors that have large handles and short blades; design and maintain bonsai
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herbaceous plant
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soft non woody stemmed plant
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ikebana
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Japanese art of floral design
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mechanic
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devices and techniques for keeping floral placements secure and stable
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paper covered wire
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thin, light gauge wire that is covered with paper wrapping
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pruning shears
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hand tool designed to cut through woody stems
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stem wrap
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moisture resistant paper that releases paraffin wax when stretched to create a sticky bond so that it sticks to itself
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water pick
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used to provide a water source for individual stems
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wood pick
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used to secure floral items in an arrangement

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