First Form Latin Lesson XIII Grammar

question

Verb families are called _____________.
answer

conjugations
question

Give the 6 attributes of a Latin verb.
answer

conjugation, person, number, tense, voice, mood
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Give the three grammar persons.
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first, second, third
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Give the two grammar numbers.
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singular, plural
question

The stem vowel of the 1st conjugation is _____________.
answer

a
question

In English, “I praise” is the _____________ present, “I am praising” is the _____________ present, and “I do praise” is the _____________ present.
answer

simple, progressive, emphatic
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The imperfect sign is _____________.
answer

ba
question

What English helping verbs translate the imperfect tense?
answer

was, were
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How many words are needed to make a Latin sentence?
answer

one
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The future tense sign is _____________.
answer

bi
question

What English helping verb translate the Latin future tense?
answer

will
question

Name the 3 tenses that make up the Present System.
answer

present, imperfect, future
question

The forms that provide the stems needed to conjugate a verb in all its tenses are called the _____________ _____________.
answer

principal parts
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Give the regular endings for the principal parts of 1st conjugation verbs.
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o, are, avi, atus
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What is the name of the 2nd principal part?
answer

infinitive
question

How to you find the present stem?
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Drop the re from the second principal part
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The English infinitive is written with the particle _____________ before the verb.
answer

to
question

The “to be” verb shows _____________, not action
answer

existence
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Give the English forms of the “to be” verbs.
answer

am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
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How do you find the perfect stem?
answer

Drop the i from the 3rd principal part
question

Give 3 translations for vocavi
answer

I called, I have called, I did call
question

What English helping verbs translate the present tense?
answer

am, is are, do, does
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What English helping verbs translate the imperfect tense?
answer

was, were
question

What English helping verbs translate the future tense?
answer

will (shall)
question

What English helping verbs translate the perfect tense?
answer

have, has, did
question

What English helping verb translates the pluperfect tense?
answer

had
question

What English helping verbs translate the future perfect tense?
answer

will have
question

Name the tenses that make up the Perfect System.
answer

perfect, pluperfect, future perfect
question

Give the principal parts of sum.
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sum, esse, fui, futurus
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Give the principal parts of lavo.
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lavo, lavare, lavi, lautus
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Give the principal parts of sto.
answer

sto, stare, steti, status

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