First Aid-General Principles

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Immediate care that you give to a victim of an illness or injury before professional medical rescuers arrive
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first aid
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Once you are certified in First Aid, are you obligated to help people?
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No, unless you are at work and first aid is part of your job description
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Does a victim have the right to refuse your help?
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Yes unless they are unfit to make decisions
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What should you do if a victim refuses your help?
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Call 911 and stay by the scene until emergency response team arrives
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Name 6 things you should look for at the scene of an injury:
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scene safe for you, scene safe for victim, is there anyone else who can help, how many people are hurt, do I have my phone, the location
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List three pieces of personal protective equipment used for First Aid.
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Gloves, Eye protection, and face mask
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Name two significant diseases that universal precautions and personal protective equipment may prevent.
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HIV, Hepatitis
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List 6 examples of when you should phone 911
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when you don’t know what to do, victim is unresponsive, victim complains of chest pain, victim has problems breathing, victim has severe injury or burn, victim has a seizure
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Once you have called 911, list 5 questions you need to be prepared to answer:
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What is your Emergency? How many people are injured? What number are you calling from? Where is the victim located? What is happening now?
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List in the order of importance the things you check for upon approaching and accessing a victim.
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scene safety, responsiveness, breathing, bleeding, and medical I.D. bracelet

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