Final Exam in US History 2

Flashcard maker : Ruth Blanco
Causes of World War I
Set of secret alliances
Large military build up among the word powers
Arguments over colonies
What was America’s initial reaction to World War I?
remain neutral
What event brought America into World War I?
New German submarine attacks (Lusitania)
What was Wilson’s justification for entering World War I?
build a lasting peace
President Wilson’s goals after WWI
a League of Nations
all nations eventually give up their colonies
all nations in Europe should be a democracy
Assimilation
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another, i.e. \”becoming American\”
Which Wilson WWI goal is successfully achieved?
the creation of the League of Nations
Great Migration
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
Republicans are generally linked to which side of the political spectrum?
conservative, right
Democrats are generally linked to which side of the political spectrum?
liberal, left
laissez faire
the doctrine that government should not interfere in business/individual affairs
Cause of \”national mass\” culture in 1920s?
radio
Industry linked to most new jobs of 1920s
automobile
Cause of more appliances being bought in 1920s?
electricity in homes
Harlem Renaissance
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
Popular music of the 1920s
jazz
Major problem with the economy by the end of the 1920’s
Americans greatly in debt
1930s bank trouble cause
people not able to pay back loans
buying stocks with borrowed money
buying on margin
Social Security Act of 1935
guarantees a minimal income for the elderly and disabled
main purpose of the FDIC
stop bank panics
MAIN way New Deal lowered unemployment during the Depression
create public works programs
What ended the Depression?
America’s entry into WWII
How did the Great Depression effect the role of the federal government?
increased its regulation of business and began to provide a safety net for the poor and unemployed
Goals of Franklin Roosevelt as President
recovery
reform
relief
What event brings the US into World War II?
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941
Atlantic Charter of World War II
outline’s America’s goals in fighting
D-Day
Allied troops invade France to free it from Nazi control. June 6, 1944
African Americans in World War II
fought in segregated unites
During both WWI & WWII women …
do jobs traditionally given to men while men are fighting overseas
Greatest violation of the constitution during World War II
Japanese Americans being forced to live in internment camps
US main goal during Cold War
stop the spread of communism
Marshall Plan
plan to rebuild much of Europe’s economy
US opponent during the Cold War
the Soviet Union, communism
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Why did America enter the Korean War?
stop the spread of communism
Korean war could be considered a victory because it
stopped communism from spreading in Korea
During the Cold War President Eisenhower
had the United States build more nuclear weapons & threatened the use of nuclear weapons
McCarthy hearings
Congress has meetings to find communist spies
Cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis
Russia secretly put nuclear weapons in Cuba
domino theory
communism could easily spread from one nation to its neighbors
detente
finding ways to cooperate with your enemy/opponent
Nixon used this with China & USSR.
Vietnamization
Nixon’s plan for the slow removal of US combat troops from Vietnam
Effects of the Cold War
Both the United States of America and the Soviet Union built up huge arsenals of atomic weapons and ballistic missiles.
It led to destructive conflicts like the Vietnam War and the Korean War.
The Soviet Union collapsed due to economic weaknesses. Communism collapsed worldwide. Russia became more democratic.
Biggest Social Change of 1950s
Growth of Suburbs
Methods used by Civil Rights groups in 1960s
sit-ins
marches
boycotts
Brown v. Board of Education
schools to be racially integrated
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Prohibits racial and gender discrimination
Contrast Dr. King and Malcolm X
King supported only non-violent protest, Malcolm X supported \”any means necessary\”
Voting Rights Act (1965)
Gave the federal government the power to enforce voting laws if local officials did not
Roe v. Wade
announced that women had a right to an abortion early in pregnancy
Affirmative Action
requires employers to hire minorities to make up for past discrimination
Americans with Disabilities Act
Required all companies to help people with disabilities in the work place
Title IX
equal physical education facilities for men and women
GI Bill
grants for education, homes or businesses
Major goals of LBJ’s Great Society
eliminate economic and political inequality
Medicare
National health insurance program for people over 65
Clean Air & Clean Water Acts
Requires national government to make rules to reduce pollution
effects of Vietnam War and Watergate
American become more suspicious of politicians and government
Camp David Accord
The first easing of tension in the Middle
East occurred as Egypt and Israel met with President Carter and signed this document. Reduced tension of war.
President Reagan’s beliefs about government
conservative
President Kennedy’s beliefs about government
liberal
1920s
It is a decade of economic prosperity as the middle class expands for white Americans. This is a time of major technological change and the invention of many new consumer goods. African-Americans begin to take pride in their heritage. The majority of Americans support limited government involvement int he nation’s problems as Republicans control the White House.
1930s
It is a decade of great sacrifice and fear as the nation faces economics problems and the challenge of aggressive dictators. Democrats hold the White House. Women are taking on new social roles. While not at war, more Americans are becoming convinced that we must end our isolationist policies.
1960s
It is a decade of great social change as many groups challenge traditional values and beliefs. There is great social discontent even though government is passing many laws to address many social problems. Contributing also to this discontent is a growing anger on the part of young people over American involvement in a foreign war.
1950s
It is a decade of economic prosperity as the middle class expands for white Americans. this is a time of major technological change and the invention of many new consumer consumer goods. African-Americans begin to demand political equality. The majority of Americans support limited government involvement in the nation’s problems as Republicans control the White House. People are content and support a policy of challenging communism around the world.
1970s
It is a decade of economic problems as the nation changes its foreign policy from challenging communism around the world to detente. The politics of the time are more conservative as Americans react to almost a decade of social protest and unrest. Disco and Pong are popular.
Similarities between 1920s & 1980s
Conservative presidents in the White House & Women achieved greater political equality with men

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