Chapter 8: Drug Use and Abuse – Flashcards

question
Modern antidepressants cure depression by treating the known underlying biological cause of the disorder
answer
False
question
What is the average lag period for antidepressants to begin to be effective?
answer
Two weeks
question
The most recent (2013) version of the American Psychiatric Association's classification system for mental disorders is called the
answer
DSM-V
question
Both depressed and manic symptoms appear in the general classification of
answer
Mood Disorders
question
A major disturbance of intellectual and social functioning in which there is a loss of contact with reality is called
answer
Psychosis
question
The fastest, and probably the most effective, treatment for severe cases of depression is
answer
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
question
Each year, more mentally ill persons are _______ than are admitted to state mental hospitals.
answer
Jailed
question
Bipolar I Disorder refers to
answer
Manic episodes with possible alternating depression
question
The introduction of chlorpromazine in the U.S. in 1955 marked the last year in which
answer
the population of mental hospitals increased
question
Phenothiazines and neuroleptics were terms used to describe the early forms of
answer
Antipsychotics
question
Current theories of the antidepressant action of drugs focus less on the initial biochemical effects of the drugs and more on the
answer
Delayed reaction of the neurons to repeated drug exposure
question
Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was first used to treat schizophrenia, it is now used primarily to treat
answer
Severe depression
question
The antipsychotic drugs that have been marked in the past ten years, such as Zyprexa (olanzepine), are referred to as
answer
atypical antipsychotics
question
One side effect common with the older antipsychotics, but less common with the newer ones, is
answer
pseydoparkinsonism
question
Prozac was one of the early
answer
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
question
People taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors for depression much avoid
answer
foods high in tyramine, such as aged cheeses
question
Many of the new atypical antipsychotics are known to cause
answer
significant weight gain and metabolic changes
question
The FDA now requires a printed warning on several selective reuptake inhibitors because they increase the risk of
answer
suicide in children and adolescent
question
A recent study of the long-term effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs found that
answer
Three-fourths of the patients stopped taking their medication within 18 months
question
The acceptance of the mood stabilzer _____ was slowed by a series of ovedose poisonings and used by the fact that the drug is one of the basic elements and could not be patented
answer
Lithium
question
In the early part of the 20th century, a cure was found for a syphilitic infection that caused a psychosis called
answer
General paresis
question
Tricyclic antidepressants work by
answer
Inhibiting the reuptake of norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin
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question
Modern antidepressants cure depression by treating the known underlying biological cause of the disorder
answer
False
question
What is the average lag period for antidepressants to begin to be effective?
answer
Two weeks
question
The most recent (2013) version of the American Psychiatric Association's classification system for mental disorders is called the
answer
DSM-V
question
Both depressed and manic symptoms appear in the general classification of
answer
Mood Disorders
question
A major disturbance of intellectual and social functioning in which there is a loss of contact with reality is called
answer
Psychosis
question
The fastest, and probably the most effective, treatment for severe cases of depression is
answer
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
question
Each year, more mentally ill persons are _______ than are admitted to state mental hospitals.
answer
Jailed
question
Bipolar I Disorder refers to
answer
Manic episodes with possible alternating depression
question
The introduction of chlorpromazine in the U.S. in 1955 marked the last year in which
answer
the population of mental hospitals increased
question
Phenothiazines and neuroleptics were terms used to describe the early forms of
answer
Antipsychotics
question
Current theories of the antidepressant action of drugs focus less on the initial biochemical effects of the drugs and more on the
answer
Delayed reaction of the neurons to repeated drug exposure
question
Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was first used to treat schizophrenia, it is now used primarily to treat
answer
Severe depression
question
The antipsychotic drugs that have been marked in the past ten years, such as Zyprexa (olanzepine), are referred to as
answer
atypical antipsychotics
question
One side effect common with the older antipsychotics, but less common with the newer ones, is
answer
pseydoparkinsonism
question
Prozac was one of the early
answer
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
question
People taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors for depression much avoid
answer
foods high in tyramine, such as aged cheeses
question
Many of the new atypical antipsychotics are known to cause
answer
significant weight gain and metabolic changes
question
The FDA now requires a printed warning on several selective reuptake inhibitors because they increase the risk of
answer
suicide in children and adolescent
question
A recent study of the long-term effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs found that
answer
Three-fourths of the patients stopped taking their medication within 18 months
question
The acceptance of the mood stabilzer _____ was slowed by a series of ovedose poisonings and used by the fact that the drug is one of the basic elements and could not be patented
answer
Lithium
question
In the early part of the 20th century, a cure was found for a syphilitic infection that caused a psychosis called
answer
General paresis
question
Tricyclic antidepressants work by
answer
Inhibiting the reuptake of norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin